Geographical characteristics of The Philippines GO11

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Geographical characteristics of The Philippines GO11

  1. 1. Of the Philippines
  2. 2. LOCATION Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam The location of the Philippines in the Southeast Asian region bears diplomatic and military significance. The country proved to be strategic for military installations of countries that were expanding their influence across Asia Pacific.
  3. 3. LOCATION Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E• Map references: Southeast Asia
  4. 4. AREA total: 300,000 sq km land: 298,170 sq km water: 1,830 sq km
  5. 5.  Coastline: 36,289 km Maritime claims: territorial sea: irregular polygon extending up to 100 nm from coastline as defined by 1898 treaty; since late 1970s has also claimed polygonal-shaped area in South China Sea up to 285 nm in breadth exclusive economic zone: 200 nm continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
  6. 6.  Climate: tropical marine; northeast monsoon (November to April); southwest monsoon (May to October) Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow to extensive coastal lowlands Elevation extremes: lowest point: Philippine Sea 10,540 m highest point: Mount Apo 2,954 m
  7. 7.  Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper Land use: arable land: 18.95% permanent crops: 16.77% other: 64.28% (2001) Irrigated land: 5,500 sq km (1998 est.)

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