Sumitted by:
Calibo, Jansen
DMD2AA
Submitted to:
Dr. Nunag
1. Mechanism of Tooth Eruption
2. Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the
Basis of Eruptive Characteristics
 Eruption is the movement of the developing
teeth through the bone and the overlying
mucosa of the jaws to appear in the ...
A Close Look at Tooth Eruption
Baby teeth are lost naturally due to the pressure of the permanent teeth
erupting from belo...
Phases:
1. Pre-eruptive phase
2. Eruptive or Pre-functional phase
3. Post-eruptive or Functional phase
 Preparatory to the
eruptive phases.
 It consists of the
movements to the
developing and
growing tooth
germs within the
...
 During this phase, the growing teeth move in various
directions to maintain their position in the expanding
jaws. This i...
 Early in the pre-eruptive phase, the successional
permanent teeth develop lingual to, and near the
incisal or occlusal l...
 At the end of this phase, the developing
anterior permanent teeth are positioned
lingually and near the apical third of ...
 The premolars are located under the roots of
the primary molars.
 The upper molars develop in the tuberosities
of the maxilla, with their occlusal surfaces
slanting distally. The lower m...
Two types of tooth movement in pre-
eruptive phase:
1. Total bodily movement
2. Movement where one part remains
fixed whil...
 Begins with the initiation of root formation
and ends when the teeth reach occlusal
contact.
 Five major events take pl...
2. The intraosseous stage occurs when the root
formation begins as a result of the
proliferation of both the epithelial ro...
3. The supraosseous stage begins when the erupting
tooth moves occlusally through the boneof the crypt
and the connective ...
 As this occurs, the
reduced enamel
epithelium of the
crown proliferates
and forms a firm
attachment with the
oral epithe...
4. The tip of the crown enters the oral cavity by
breaking through the center of the double -layered
epithelial cells. Thi...
 The crown erupts
further, and the
lateral borders of the
oral mucosa become
the dentogingival
junction.
 The reduced en...
5. The erupting tooth continues to move
occlusally at a maximum rate, and there is
gradual exposure of more of the clinica...
 Begins when the teeth reach occlusion, and continues
for as long as each tooth remains in the oral cavity.
 Alveolar pr...
 The diameter of the fiber bundles increase from
delicate, fine groups of fibers to heavy, scurely
stabilized bundles.
 ...
 Later in life,
attrition may
wear down the
occlusal surfaces
of the teeth.
 The teeth erupt
slightly to
compensate for loss
of tooth structure
and to prevent
occlusal overclosure.
 If the occlusa...
1. Continuously Growing Tooth
2. Continuously Extruding Tooth
3. Continuously Erupting Tooth
 no gross separation between the anatomical
crown & anatomical root.
 continuous growth of the tooth at the apex
& conti...
 this form of tooth is characteristic of
animals with rapid occlusal wear &
eruption.
(ex. Rodent incisor teeth)
 has a defined crown & anatomical root.
 as the tooth is worn, more of the
anatomical crown extrudes & epithelial
attach...
 since no new tooth structure is being
formed, it results to gradual loosening &
final exfoliation of the tooth.
 this t...
 eruption does not
occur by enlargement
of the clinical crown
but rather by addition
to the alveolar
process.
 this is c...
Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption & Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the Basis of Eruptive Charateristics
Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption & Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the Basis of Eruptive Charateristics
Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption & Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the Basis of Eruptive Charateristics
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Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption & Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the Basis of Eruptive Characteristics

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Mechanisms of Tooth Eruption & Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the Basis of Eruptive Charateristics

  1. 1. Sumitted by: Calibo, Jansen DMD2AA Submitted to: Dr. Nunag
  2. 2. 1. Mechanism of Tooth Eruption 2. Mammalian Teeth 3 Categories on the Basis of Eruptive Characteristics
  3. 3.  Eruption is the movement of the developing teeth through the bone and the overlying mucosa of the jaws to appear in the oral cavity and reach the occlusal plane.
  4. 4. A Close Look at Tooth Eruption Baby teeth are lost naturally due to the pressure of the permanent teeth erupting from below. This process is called root resorption. Note the continued development of the permanent crown and root as it erupts.
  5. 5. Phases: 1. Pre-eruptive phase 2. Eruptive or Pre-functional phase 3. Post-eruptive or Functional phase
  6. 6.  Preparatory to the eruptive phases.  It consists of the movements to the developing and growing tooth germs within the alveolar process before root formation.
  7. 7.  During this phase, the growing teeth move in various directions to maintain their position in the expanding jaws. This is accomplished by both bodily movement eccentric growth. Bodily movement is a shift of the entire tooth germ, which causes bone resorption in the direction of tooth movement and bone apposition from behind. These movement occur as the jaws grow.
  8. 8.  Early in the pre-eruptive phase, the successional permanent teeth develop lingual to, and near the incisal or occlusal level of, their primary predecessors.
  9. 9.  At the end of this phase, the developing anterior permanent teeth are positioned lingually and near the apical third of the primary anterior teeth.
  10. 10.  The premolars are located under the roots of the primary molars.
  11. 11.  The upper molars develop in the tuberosities of the maxilla, with their occlusal surfaces slanting distally. The lower molars develop in the base of the mandibular rami, and their occlusal surfaces slant messially.
  12. 12. Two types of tooth movement in pre- eruptive phase: 1. Total bodily movement 2. Movement where one part remains fixed while the rest ◦ continues to grow leading to change in the center of the ◦ tooth germ
  13. 13.  Begins with the initiation of root formation and ends when the teeth reach occlusal contact.  Five major events take place during this phase: 1. The secretory phase of amelogenesis is completed just before the onset of root formation and perfunctional eruption. There is realtion between the cessation of mineralization and activation of the epithelial cells beyaond the enamel-forming area.
  14. 14. 2. The intraosseous stage occurs when the root formation begins as a result of the proliferation of both the epithelial root sheath and the mesenchymal tissue of the dental papilla and dental follicle.
  15. 15. 3. The supraosseous stage begins when the erupting tooth moves occlusally through the boneof the crypt and the connective tissue of the oral mucosa, so that the reduced enamel epithelium covering the crown comes into contact with the oral epithelium.
  16. 16.  As this occurs, the reduced enamel epithelium of the crown proliferates and forms a firm attachment with the oral epithelium. A fused, double epithelial layer over the erupting crown is then formed.
  17. 17. 4. The tip of the crown enters the oral cavity by breaking through the center of the double -layered epithelial cells. This breakthrough is accomplished by the cusp tip causing degeneration of the membrane and is the beginning stage of clinical eruption.
  18. 18.  The crown erupts further, and the lateral borders of the oral mucosa become the dentogingival junction.  The reduced enamel epithelium, now surrounding the crown like a cuff, becomes known as the junctional or attchment epithelium. When the tip of the crown appears in the oral cavity, about one-half to two-thirds of the roots are formed.
  19. 19. 5. The erupting tooth continues to move occlusally at a maximum rate, and there is gradual exposure of more of the clinical crown.
  20. 20.  Begins when the teeth reach occlusion, and continues for as long as each tooth remains in the oral cavity.  Alveolar processes increase in height and the roots continue to grow.  Teeth continue to move occlusally, which accomodates jaw growth and allows for root elongation. The most marked changes occur as occlusion is established.  Alveolar bone density increases, and the principle fibers of the periodontal ligaments establish themselves into separate groups oriented about the gingiva, the alveolar crest, and the alveolar surface around the root.
  21. 21.  The diameter of the fiber bundles increase from delicate, fine groups of fibers to heavy, scurely stabilized bundles.  When root canal narrows, as a result of root tip maturation, apical fibers develop to help cushion the forces of occlusal impact.
  22. 22.  Later in life, attrition may wear down the occlusal surfaces of the teeth.
  23. 23.  The teeth erupt slightly to compensate for loss of tooth structure and to prevent occlusal overclosure.  If the occlusal wear is excessive, cementum deposited on the apical third of the root; it is deposited in the furcation region of molars to compensate for hypereruption of these teeth.
  24. 24. 1. Continuously Growing Tooth 2. Continuously Extruding Tooth 3. Continuously Erupting Tooth
  25. 25.  no gross separation between the anatomical crown & anatomical root.  continuous growth of the tooth at the apex & continuous eruption occur throughout the life of the animal.  clinical crown is constantly replaced by root covered with enamel in the progressive stages of development.  with the loss of tooth substance due to occlusal attrition, more tooth substance is extruded from the socket to maintain the clinical crown
  26. 26.  this form of tooth is characteristic of animals with rapid occlusal wear & eruption. (ex. Rodent incisor teeth)
  27. 27.  has a defined crown & anatomical root.  as the tooth is worn, more of the anatomical crown extrudes & epithelial attachment migrates apically.
  28. 28.  since no new tooth structure is being formed, it results to gradual loosening & final exfoliation of the tooth.  this tooth form is characteristic of the lower incisors of sheep & cattle.
  29. 29.  eruption does not occur by enlargement of the clinical crown but rather by addition to the alveolar process.  this is characteristic of human teeth.

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