The advantages and disadvantages of online learning
The nonexistence of a physical classroom, flexible schedules, and reduced personal interactions Online education is a type of distance learning--- taking courses without attending a brick-and-mortar school or university. Instead, online students and teachers interact over the Internet. According to the U.S. Department of education, online learning is learning that is undertaken on a computer by means of the Internet.
Distance Learning Cyber Schooling Home Schooling Blended Learning Online public Education (K-12) Online Secondary Education (college and university classes) E-learning M-learning
Online public schools differ greatly from traditional home schooling, where parents design their own curriculum that is not sanctioned by states or school districts. Currently, Home schooling is dwarfing enrollment in online schools by 6:1, but cyber education is expected to catch up in the next 5 to 7 years. 48 states and the district of Columbia have virtual schools, while 29 states offer full-time online schools.
Online schools and digital learning tools also cater to the way students are learning today. Enrollment in online public schooling supported by software provider K12 has grown from about 1,000 students 10 years ago to more than 100,000 today. Study Island – supplemental education software that makes frequent use of learning games, is designed for digital natives who are accustomed to using keyboards and being online.
This is where students attend traditional school on a part-time basis and complete their classes online This model is used as a way for school districts to curb overcrowding issues, and avoid the costly process of building new schools or expanding existing campuses.
Nearly 30% of colleges and university students now take at least one online class Online learning enrollment is up nearly 1 million students from the year before (2010) The phenomenal growth of online education is presenting uncharted challenges for academic institutions.
Online programs follow standards, but the academic expectations differ greatly Online education can be as effective than in-class instruction
M-Learning is the way to learn the tools of communication involving mobile wireless, which creates the premises of an area spreading messages on a global scale. Mobile telephoning has evolved so much that now allows connections to computers and making consistent data transfers. M-Learning is a new educational paradigm that creates an environment in which pupils access to course materials, instructions and applications anytime and anywhere.
Advantages: › Students can study anywhere as long as there is access to an internet connection › Can work at own pace › Can accommodate different learning styles through different activities › Flexibility in class time › M-Learning is relatively cost effective
Disadvantages: › Lack of personal community and connection (bad for blended learning) › Focuses on memorization over learning core competencies › Underutilized talents and facilities › Too much downtime › Mobile can be an “issue” in itself › No way to ground social networking and web 2.0 tools
Facebook Twitter IM Email Wikispaces Edmoto Etc.
In a recent survey of 1,021 experts, 60% agreed that by 2020 “there will be mass adoption of teleconferencing and distance learning…” “On average, students in online learning conditions performed better than those receiving face-to-face instruction” – Steve Lohr, New York Times, 2009
Automatic retention – you do not have to take notes** Fosters more interaction among students and instructors The knowledge you want first Learn at your own pace, flexibility Anytime, anywhere, accessibility
Promotes online and computer skills Reduces travel time Can work around work, family and other activities Helps to build self-knowledge and self- confidence and encourages student responsibility Ability to test out if interested
Learners with low motivation and bad study habits can easily fall behind Lack of routine structure Students may feel isolated from classmates or instructor Instructor may not always be available Slow Internet connections or older computers make accessing course difficult
Hands-on or lab work is difficult to simulate in a virtual classroom Lack of student customization Lack of personal community and connection Lack of quality assessment and feedback, which may hinder learning A lot of downtime and “play” issues Digital divide may short circuit improvement
Underutilized talents and facilities Cost is still equivalent if not more than brick and mortar school Course availability Employment Working Alone Missing out on non-verbal communication
Potential for less networking opportunities No facilities to use or access Exclusion of fun campus activities COMMITMENT
Overall, there are both positives and negatives to online education. The student chooses Good Experience Not for everyone
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