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Safety 11 12
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Safety 11 12


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  • 1. Promotion of Safety
  • 2. 12:1 Using Body Mechanics• Muscles work best when used correctly• Correct use of muscles makes lifting, pulling, and pushing easier• Prevents unnecessary fatigue and strain and saves energy• Prevents injury to self and others 2
  • 3. Rules of Good Body Mechanics• Maintain a broad base of support• Bend from the hips and knees to get close to an object• Use the strongest muscles to do the job• Use the weight of your body to help push or pull an object• Carry heavy objects close to the body 3
  • 4. Rules of Good Body Mechanics (continued)• Avoid twisting your body as you work• Avoid bending for long periods of time• Get help if a patient or object is too heavy to lift alone• Use assistive equipment when needed (e.g., mechanical lifts, transfer (gait) belts, wheelchairs) 4
  • 5. Change old habits and make good habits- 5
  • 6. Back Supports• Effectiveness is controversial• Some believe it reminds wearer to use body mechanics• Others believe it provides false security. 6
  • 7. Preventing Accidents and Injuries• Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) – Division of the Department of Labor – Establishes and enforces safety standards in the workplace – Two main standards that affect health care: • Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals • Standard and Bloodborne Pathogen Standard 7
  • 8. Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals Standard• Requires employers to inform employees of all chemicals and hazards in workplace• All manufacturers must provide Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) with any hazardous product they sell• Specific information must be on the MSDS• Specifies training for employees 8
  • 9. MSDS for Hydrogen Peroxide 3%• msdsId=9924298• Notice the required categories and information supplied 9
  • 10. Bloodborne Pathogen Standard• Contains mandates to protect health care providers from diseases caused by exposure to body fluids using PPE.• Diseases that can be contracted by exposure to body fluids include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and AIDS 10
  • 11. Patient Safety • Equipment • Solutions/Chemicals • Patient/Resident Safety • Personal Safety 11
  • 12. 12
  • 13. Observing Fire Safety 13
  • 14. Classes of Fire Extinguishers Copyright © 2004 by Thompson Delmar 14 Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 15. Copyright © 2004 by Thompson Delmar 15 Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 16. Rules in Case of Fire DO NOT PANIC. STAY CALM AND FOLLOW THE FACILITIES POLICY. Copyright © 2004 by Thompson Delmar 16 Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  • 17. Both you and your patient are made safe by your actions and decisions. • Copyright © 2004 by Thompson Delmar 17 Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.