SIDS Rates by ethnicity of mother per 100,000 (1997)
Asian/Pacific Islanders 51.2
American Indian/Alaska 155.6
::: American Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Institute :::
Alcohol Related Diseases
FAS is the severe end of a spectrum of effects that can occur when a woman drinks during pregnancy. Fetal death is the most extreme outcome.
FAS is a disorder characterized by abnormal facial features and growth and central nervous system (CNS) problems.
Children with FAS might have the following characteristics or exhibit the following behaviors:
Small size for gestational age or small stature in relation to peers
Facial abnormalities such as small eye openings
Developmental disabilities (e.g., speech and language delays)
Mental retardation or low IQ
Problems with daily living
Poor reasoning and judgment skills
Sleep and sucking disturbances in infancy
Alcohol- Related Liver Disease
May progress in this order. Some heavy drinkers develop cirrhosis without evidence of Hepatitis
Alcohol has long been associated with serious liver diseases such as hepatitis. But the relationship between drinking and alcoholic hepatitis is complex. Only a small percentage of heavy drinkers develop alcoholic hepatitis. Though damage from alcoholic hepatitis often can be reversed in people who stop drinking, the disease is likely to progress to cirrhosis and liver failure in people who continue drink. For them, alcoholic hepatitis may be fatal.
Anyone with alcoholic hepatitis must avoid alcohol and other substances that harm the liver. When damage is so severe that the liver is unable to function, a liver transplant may be an option.
Cirrhosis of the Liver
“ Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of disease and death in the US”
02/12/12 Cigarette Smoking-Related Mortality Per CDC Cigarette Smoking-Related Mortality Per CDC Disease Men Women Overall Disease Men Women Overall Cancers Lung 81,179 35,741 116,920 Lung from ETS 1,055 1,945 3,000 Other 21,659 9,743 31,402 Total 103,893 47,429 151,322 Cardiovascular Diseases Hypertension 3,233 2,151 5,450 Heart Disease 88,644 45,591 134,235 Stroke 14,978 8,303 23,281 Other 11,682 5,172 16,854 Total 118,603 61,117 179,820 Respiratory Diseases Pneumonia 11,292 7,881 19,173 Bronchitis/ Emphysema 9,234 5,541 14,865 Chronic Airway Obstruction 30,385 18,579 48,982 Other 787 668 1,455 Total 51,788 32,689 84,475 Diseases Among Infants 1,006 705 1,711 Burn Deaths 863 499 1,362 All Causes 276,153 142,537 418,690
Age Related Disease vs. Ethnic
Osteoporosis…White and Asian
Type II Diabetes….American Indian & Hispanic
Dementia…Japanese, African Americans and Caribbean Hispanics
Can you think of others?
Fatal genetic disorder in children that causes progressive destruction of the CNS
Most Common in Jewish families of Eastern Europe origin. (Ashkenazi)
An inherited blood disorder characterized primarily by chronic anemia and periodic episodes of pain.
Most common in Black/Hispanics
What is Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle Cell Anemia 02/12/12
02/12/12 The risk of inheriting sickle cell anemia really comes down to genetics. For a baby to be born with sickle cell anemia, both parents have to carry the sickle cell gene. The gene is particularly common among people with African, Spanish, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern and Indian ancestry. In the United States, it most commonly affects blacks and Hispanics.
A group of chronic, inherited, microcytic anemias.
Especially common in persons of Mediterranean, African and Southeast Asian ancestory
Systemic Lupus Erythematous 02/12/12 A chronic inflammatory connective tissue disorder of unknown etiology Three times more common in African American than in white Americans. Predominately women
Overall African-American’s have highest cancer incidence and mortality rates compared to other groups
Certain racial/ethnic groups experience higher rates of specific cancers than other groups
African American Hispanic/Latino
512.3 both sexes 352.4 both sexes
682.6 male 420.7 males
398.5 female 310.9 female
White American In./Alaska
479.7 both sexes 233.6 both sexes
556.4 male 255.4 male
429.3 female 220.5 female
335.6 both sexes
02/12/12 Cancer Incidence Rates/100,000
COPD & other chronic lower respiratory diseases
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation - ABOUT CYSTIC FIBROSIS
Death Rates by Race/Ethnicity Per US—National Center for Health Statistics 02/12/12
02/12/12 “ Though health indicators such as life expectancy and infant mortality have improved for most Americans, minorities experience a disproportionate burden of preventable disease, death, and disability compared with non-minorities. These trends compel the public health community to examine issues of health disparity among the various racial and ethnic groups that comprise the country's population.” http://www.cdc.gov/OMH/Populations/populations.htm