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What is a Bibliography?Derived from two Greek words,“biblion” meaning book and“graphein” meaning to write orthe writing of books.
The history, identification, ordescription of writings or publications.A list of works written by an author orprinted by a publishing house.It is the name given to a list of books,manuscripts, and other publications,systematically described and arranged,which have some relationship to eachother.
Three Basic PurposesTo Identify and verify informationTo locate materialsTo select materials for the collection
Types of BibliographyA. Systematic Enumerative BibliographyB. Current Selection AidsC. Bibliography of Bibiliographies
A. Systematic Enumerative Bibliography Type of bibliography whichrefers to a list of books, film orrecordings.
1. Universal Bibliography Includes everything, published, issued or printed in the fields of communication from the beginning, through the present to the future. Conrad Gesner, known as the Father of Universal Bibliography. Biblioteca Universalis (1543)
2. National and Trade Bibliographies a. National Bibliography -published by government
Two basic requirements: Legal Deposit System- law that requires alibrary to received a copy.The record must be fromdirect examination ofmaterials.
Examples:Canadiana- CANMAGeneral Catalogue of Printed Books(Published by the British Library)Copyright Office, reocrd of the workspublished in the countryArranged acc. To DDC with author, title,and subject indexes.UtlasThe most popular online bibligraphy inCanada
b. National Library Catalog A list of all the workscataloged by a national library andother member libraries andincludes items not published in thecountry of origin.
Example:National Union Catalog (NUC) of the LC Issued in microfiche in 1983 Online version is MARC and can be accessed throughDIALOG.
c. Trade Bibliographies List commercial publications to aidin the selection and acquisition recentlypublished materials, specifically tradebooks. Information is gathered rom thepublished materials, specifically tradebooks.
Examples:Book in Print ( R.R. Bowker of New York) 1948to dateCan be accessed:PrintedOnline through database vendors e.g.DIALOGCD-ROM =Books in print with Book ReviewsPlus (searchable by author, title, topic,publisher, ISBN, date of publication, and gradelevel)Microfiche
3. Subject Bibliography List materials that relate to aparticular topic. It is intended to researchworkers and other in special areas.Examples:Blazek, Ron and Elizabeth Aversa. The Humanities: A Selective Guide to Information Sources.
4. Guide to Reference Materials Includes the best works for a givensituation or audience. Guides to a reference books,special reading, list by a library anditems devoted to the best works of aparticular group of people.
Examples:Guide to Reference Books compiled byEugene P. Sheehy (Chicago:ALA)Concentrates in American, Canadian, andsome British titles divided into 5 major areas.Guide to Reference Materials edited byAlbert J. Walford (London:ALA)Strong in British and European titles.
5. Analytical and textual bibliographyAnalytical- concerned with the physicaldescription of books.Textual- highlights certain textualvariations between a manuscript and theprinted book.
6. Daily UseDirects the individual to an item andis primarily used to find a specificbook or article.
B. Current Selection AidsExamples:Choice. Chicago:ALA, 1964 to date. Issuedmonthly Evaluates a number of reference titles of value to all libraries.Reference and Research BookNews.Portland, OR: Book News. 1985 todate. Monthly. Provides full bibliographicinformation and a short descriptiveannotation.
C. Bibliography of Bibliographies A listing of bibliographies thatwere created as a means ofbibliographic control.
Examples:Bibliographic Index: A CumulativeBibliography of Bibliographies byH.W. Wilson, 1937 to date.
A World Bibliography of Bibliographiesand of Bibliographical Catalogues,Calendars, Abstracts, Digests, Indexes,and the like or Besterman by TheodoreBesterman. Laussanne: SocietasBibliographica, 1965-1966, 4v.
Bibliographies for Non-Print Materials.Video Source Book. Detroit:GaleResearch. 1978 to date. Annualwith two supplements.Guide to Microforms in Print. NewYork: Bowker-Saur, 1961 to date.
Bibliographies for Periodicalsand NewspapersUlrich’s International PeriodicalsDirectory. R.R. Bowker, 1932 todate.The Standard Periodical Directory.New York: OxbridgeCommunications. 1964 to date.Biannual.
Current and Retrospective BibliographiesCurrent BibliographyLists books or other items closeto the time at which they are beingpublished.
Examples:Cumulative Book Index. New York:Wilson, 1898 to date. Monthlyexcept August.American Book Publishing Record(Bowker), 1961 to date. Monthly.
Retrospective BibliographyCovers materials published duringan earlier time period.