Inquiry-Based Learning Bertram (Chip) Bruce Library & Information Science U. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
What learning experience do you remember from your undergraduate years?
Making sense of experience
"Did you know that Pam was going to wear her grandmother's wedding dress? That gave her something that was old, and borrowed, too. It was made of lace over satin, with very large puff sleeves and looked absolutely charming on her."
One Indian reader: "She was looking all right except the dress was too old and out of fashion".
--Steffenson, Joag-Dev, & Anderson, 1979
Acting with purpose
Interpretive Visitor sees Visitor asks
strategy gallery as ... what can ...
Pragmatic classroom/workshop "I do with this?"
Utopian encounter session "this say about my
Critical museum "be thought about this?"
Diversionary amusement park "I feel about this?"
--Jean Umiker-Sebeok (1994), Behavior in a museum
What shape is the earth? 1. 2. 3.
Is the world round?
Child: I can see it. The world is flat.
Adult: No, the world is round.
Child: It’s round? Oh, a pancake!
Adult: No, no... a ball! Look at this photo of earth from outer space.
Child: Oh! Two earths! The round one in space and the flat one we live on.
Vygotsky: zone of proximal development
Dewey: felt difficulty
Learning is grounded in the personal, social, material, historical situation
LIS 391: Literacy in the information age
Collaborative activities, e.g., timeline
Media: web board, doc cam, video, web interactive syllabus
all of the students use it
none of the faculty do
What functions does it serve?
What are its drawbacks?
Why are student and faculty needs different?
What are their communication practices?
Student use of IM
Communicate with family & friends at home
Get homework help
Isaac Oates and Omar Ashrafi at the University of Illinois
Types of away messages
Passive-Aggressive away messages
Posting information about your feelings/emotional state
Hyperlinks to websites
Posting romantic messages
Sexual away messages
Posting away messages while under the influence of drugs or alcohol
Information about where you are or what you're doing
Posting false information in order to avoid someone
Posting false information in order to make yourself look better (e.g., more popular)
Posting humorous away messages/jokes
--From a survey created by Brandon Rowe and Sarah Chamovitz at Haverford
Using away messages
Checking away messages
Monitoring who checks your away message
Using away messages to communicate (sync => async)
“ Daddy, your away message is boring. No one will visit you if all you say is ‘away’”
His soul swooned slowly as he heard the snow falling faintly through the universe and faintly falling, like the descent of their last end, upon all the living and the dead" James Joyce, Dubliners
Re-creation of technology Christine Wang, Constructing a third space at the computer in a first-grade classroom
Technology is design through use
Through creation of content, contributions to interactive elements, and incorporation into practice, users are not merely recipients of technology, but participate actively in its ongoing development.
Why do cars speed up passing a stop sign?
Why do things far away seem blue?
Why do my eyes water when I stare?
How does your body make tears?
Is salt in tears the same as the salt on food?
What’s that pipe from the silo to the barn?
Paris street signs
Ask: reading to navigate
Investigate: street names dictionary, web
notice clusters / locality
further connections: Lamarck, Buffon, Aristide Briand
Discuss: history of the signs
Reflect: write about, act
Learning is lived experience
We always live at the time we live and not at some other time, and only by extracting at each present time the full meaning of each present experience are we prepared for doing the same in the future. This is the only preparation which in the long run amounts to anything.
– John Dewey, Experience & Education
What is the role for the information resources professional?
Integrate knowledge from multiple sources and media
Activities: engaging. hands-on, creating, collaborating, living new roles
Dialogue: listening; articulating meaning
Reflection: from concepts to action
Local eContent collection
eDIMENSI (scientific journals)
Puerto Rican Cultural Center in Chicago's Humboldt Park neighborhood
Galvanizes neighborhood residents around community projects
Addresses critical issues: gang violence, AIDS, social and environmental justice, literacy, and economic development
Ethnography of the University
undergraduate research on the university
archived in web-based inquiry units
Relate the school to life, and all studies are of necessity correlated.
--Dewey, School and Society
Teacher as inquirer
Inquiry about the world
Partner in inquiry
Inquiry about teaching and learning
Learning to teach - 1
As a guide for the experimentation we so freely encourage, the table opposite will be helpful. We must caution, however, that it is rife with half-truths--despite our best efforts at disclosure. We are dealing here with living things whose colors, habits, and general constitutions will vary with locale and with the skill of the individual gardener.
Learning to teach - 2
This unpredictability, which strikes terror into the heart of the beginner, is in fact one of the glories of gardening. Things change, certainly from year to year and sometimes from morning to evening. There are mysteries, surprises, and always, lessons to be learned. After almost 40 years hard at it, we are only beginning.
– Amos Pettingill, The Garden Book , 1986
Learning Technologies Timeline
Bruce, B. C. (2001, May). Constructing a once and future history of learning technologies . Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy, 44 (8).
Privacy and identity
“Identity theft and security on the internet,” by Aaron Krimbel, Lana Lewandowski, Tom Kelly, Vinh Vu
Survey of users
Simulated shopping site
are smarter (James Flynn)
are better educated (Berliner & Biddle; Marable)
more professionally-oriented, older, more female, more non-white, more non-English speaking
get too little sleep (Mary Carskadon)
use the Internet instead of print sources, but trust print more (Leigh Healy)
focus on grades too much
technology => solves a problem
solution to a problem => technology
problem 1 => technology 1
technology 1 => problem 2
problem 2 => technology 2
technology 2 => problem 3 …
Community Inquiry Laboratory
a place where members of a community come together to develop shared capacity and work on common problems.
Aspects of CIL’s
"Community" emphasizes support for collaborative activity and for creating knowledge connected to people's values, history, and lived experiences.
"Inquiry" points to support for open-ended, democratic, participatory engagement.
"Laboratory" indicates a space and resources to bring theory and action together in an experimental and critical manner.
hypermedia, the web, the deep web
monkey & cursor
every individual must be consulted in such a way, actively not passively, that he himself becomes a part of the process of authority.