Cirrhosis of the liver (1)
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Cirrhosis of the liver (1) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. By Jennifer Amponsah, Krystalle Myers, Hayley Townsend
  • 2. What is cirrhosis? Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver slowly deteriorates and malfunctions due to chronic injury. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue, partially blocking the flow of blood through the liver
  • 3. What causes cirrhosis? heavy alcohol consumption chronic hepatitis C (the most common) Obesity Autoimmune inflammation of the liver Metabolic disorders
  • 4. What are the symptoms of cirrhosis?Symptoms are hard to catch in the early stages of the disease. However, as the disease progresses, a person may experience the following symptoms: weakness fatigue loss of appetite nausea vomiting weight loss abdominal pain and bloating itching spiderlike blood vessels on the skin
  • 5. DiagnosisDuring a physical examination the doctor may find: Enlarged liver or spleen Expanded abdomen, as a result of too much fluid Abdominal or chest pain Red spider-like blood vessels Jaundice (yellow eyes or skin) Anemia Liver function problems Low hormone levels
  • 6. Population at risk for Cirrhosis Alcoholics White men Hispanic women Ages 41-50Statistics In 2007 about 29,000 people died in the US from cirrhosis, about 10 per 100,000. In 2010 there were about 14,000 deaths in the US from cirrhosis In 1997 cirrhosis was that 10th leading cause of death in the US
  • 7. What are the complications of cirrhosis? Edema and ascites: fluid collects in the legs, called edema, and in the abdomen, called ascites.. Bruising and bleeding easily High blood pressure Esophageal varices and gastropathy: enlarged blood vessels in the esophagus and stomach Splenomegaly: spleen enlarges Gallstones Sensitivity to medications Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes Liver cancer
  • 8. Treatment and PreventionPrevention Stop drinking alcohol (or don’t start at all) Limit salt in the diet Eat a nutritious diet Get vaccinated for influenza, hepatitis A and B. Practice safe sexTreatment Liver transplant Antibiotics
  • 9. Alcohol-related liver disease Heavy alcohol use over several years can cause chronic injury to the liver. For women, consuming two to three drinks— including beer and wine— per day and for men, three to four drinks per day, can lead to liver damage and cirrhosis. Alcohol-related cirrhosis led to more deaths than cirrhosis of any other cause.
  • 10. Behavioral Change Model  A behavior that you can change to prevent cirrhosis is to stop alcohol consumption or reduce it quite a bit.
  • 11. ReferencesNational Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC).(2008). Cirrhosis. Retrieve from http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/cirrhosis/http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000255.htm