HISTORY OFHISTORY OF
THETHE
COMPUTERCOMPUTER
ELECTRONIC AGEELECTRONIC AGE
SECOND GENERATIONSECOND GENERATION
COMPUTERS (19...
REVIEWREVIEW
What is the first programmable computerWhat is the first programmable computer
invented by Konrad Zuse?invent...
ENRICHMENT ACTIVITYENRICHMENT ACTIVITY
TRANSFER RESISTOR TRANSISTOR
MICROSCOPE PROCESSOR MICROPROCESSOR
ROOT
TEDRACUITSTEG...
VACUUM TUBES REPLACED BYVACUUM TUBES REPLACED BY
TRANSISTORS AS MAIN LOGICTRANSISTORS AS MAIN LOGIC
ELEMENTS.ELEMENTS.
MAG...
TRANSISTORTRANSISTOR
A SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICEA SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICE
COMMONLY USE TO AMPLIFY ORCOMMONLY USE TO AMPLIFY OR
S...
BESIDES INCREASING SPEED, ITBESIDES INCREASING SPEED, IT
CAN AMPLIFY A SIGNAL, OR OPENCAN AMPLIFY A SIGNAL, OR OPEN
AND CL...
JOHN BARDEN, WALTER BRATTAIN and WILLIANJOHN BARDEN, WALTER BRATTAIN and WILLIAN
SHOCKLEYSHOCKLEY OFOF BELL TELEPHONEBELL ...
GRACE MURRAY HOPPERGRACE MURRAY HOPPER
THE WOMANTHE WOMAN
THAT FOUNDTHAT FOUND
THE FIRSTTHE FIRST
COMPUTERCOMPUTER
BUG, FI...
COMPUTER BUGCOMPUTER BUG
A software bug is an error, flaw, failure,
or fault in a computer program
or system that causes i...
The term "bug" was used in an account by computer
pioneer Grace Hopper, who publicized the cause of
a malfunction in an ea...
1964: KEN OLSEN1964: KEN OLSEN
FOUNDED THEFOUNDED THE
DEC- DIGITALDEC- DIGITAL
EQUIPMENTEQUIPMENT
CORPORATIONCORPORATION
,...
The 12-bit PDP-8 was the first successful commercial
minicomputer, produced by Digital Equipment
Corporation (DEC) in the ...
1965: THOMAS KURTZ and JOHN1965: THOMAS KURTZ and JOHN
KEMENYKEMENY
DEVELOPEDDEVELOPED
THETHE BASICBASIC- A- A
COMPUTERCOM...
TRIVIATRIVIA
Who was the first man that walks over the water?
Who was the second man that walks over the water?
Who was th...
ELECTRONIC AGEELECTRONIC AGE
THE THIRD GENERATIONTHE THIRD GENERATION
1963-19741963-1974
INDIVIDUAL TRANSISTOR WEREINDIVIDUAL TRANSISTOR WERE
REPLACED BY INTEGRATEDREPLACED BY INTEGRATED
CIRCUITS.CIRCUITS.
MAGNE...
1958: JACK KILBY1958: JACK KILBY
Responsible forResponsible for
the developmentthe development
and applicationand applicat...
INTEGRATED CIRCUITSINTEGRATED CIRCUITS
IS A SINGLE WAFER OR CHIP THATIS A SINGLE WAFER OR CHIP THAT
CAN HOLD MANY TRANSIST...
1968- ROBERT
NOYCE- one of
the inventors of
integrated circuits
founded the
INTEL.
The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC)
was a digital computer produced for the
Apollo program that was installed on
board each...
1969- ARPANET is set up later becomes1969- ARPANET is set up later becomes
INTERNET.INTERNET.
1972-THE C programming langu...
ELECTRONIC AGEELECTRONIC AGE
THE FOURTH GENERATIONTHE FOURTH GENERATION
1979-PRESENT1979-PRESENT
INTEL CORPORATIONINTEL CORPORATION
designed the first tinydesigned the first tiny
computer on a chip, called acomputer on ...
MICROPROCESSORMICROPROCESSOR
IS AN INTEGRATED CIRCUITSIS AN INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
BUILT ON A TINY PIECE OFBUILT ON A TINY PI...
ALTAIR 8800- a
special
computer,
because it made
computers
available to
everyone, it has
256 bytes of
memory, and ran
by B...
WILLIAM HENRY “BILL” GATES III PAUL ALLEN
Apple II- the first PC
to come in plastic
case and include
colour graphics,
introduced by the
APPLE
COMPUTERS, design
by S...
SOFTWARE/PROGRAMSOFTWARE/PROGRAM
SS
VISICALC- the first spreadsheetVISICALC- the first spreadsheet
program.program.
WORDST...
IBM PC- IBM
personal computer
in the market, and it
came with a DOS,
licensed by the
Microsoft.
D- DISK
O- OPERATING
S- SY...
APPLE
MACINTOSH-
introduced by
Apple Computers
in 1984, a simple
GUI with 8-MHz,
32 bit Motorola
68000 CPU, and
has a buil...
AMIGA- the first multimedia computer,
introduced games, advanced graphics,
and multitasking operating system with
GUI.
AMIGA
What about the 5What about the 5thth
generation ofgeneration of
computers?computers?
Historyofthecomputer elec-age2nd-4thgen_updated
Historyofthecomputer elec-age2nd-4thgen_updated
Historyofthecomputer elec-age2nd-4thgen_updated
Historyofthecomputer elec-age2nd-4thgen_updated
Historyofthecomputer elec-age2nd-4thgen_updated
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Historyofthecomputer elec-age2nd-4thgen_updated

  1. 1. HISTORY OFHISTORY OF THETHE COMPUTERCOMPUTER ELECTRONIC AGEELECTRONIC AGE SECOND GENERATIONSECOND GENERATION COMPUTERS (1959-1963)COMPUTERS (1959-1963)
  2. 2. REVIEWREVIEW What is the first programmable computerWhat is the first programmable computer invented by Konrad Zuse?invented by Konrad Zuse? The first stored program computerThe first stored program computer invented by Aiken?invented by Aiken? The first electronic computer invented byThe first electronic computer invented by Atanasoff and Berry?Atanasoff and Berry? The electronic devices used during the 1The electronic devices used during the 1stst Gen computers?Gen computers? The 2 computing devices designed byThe 2 computing devices designed by Ekert and Mauchly during the 1Ekert and Mauchly during the 1stst Gen?Gen?
  3. 3. ENRICHMENT ACTIVITYENRICHMENT ACTIVITY TRANSFER RESISTOR TRANSISTOR MICROSCOPE PROCESSOR MICROPROCESSOR ROOT TEDRACUITSTEGINCIR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ROOT
  4. 4. VACUUM TUBES REPLACED BYVACUUM TUBES REPLACED BY TRANSISTORS AS MAIN LOGICTRANSISTORS AS MAIN LOGIC ELEMENTS.ELEMENTS. MAGNETIC TAPE AND DISK BEGAN TOMAGNETIC TAPE AND DISK BEGAN TO REPLACE PUNCHED CARD ASREPLACE PUNCHED CARD AS EXTERNAL STORAGE DEVICES.EXTERNAL STORAGE DEVICES. MAGNETIC CORES BECAME THEMAGNETIC CORES BECAME THE PRIMARY INTERNAL STORAGEPRIMARY INTERNAL STORAGE TECHNOLOGY.TECHNOLOGY. HIGH LEVEL PROGRAMMING WEREHIGH LEVEL PROGRAMMING WERE USED LIKE FORTRAN, AND COBOL.USED LIKE FORTRAN, AND COBOL.
  5. 5. TRANSISTORTRANSISTOR A SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICEA SEMI CONDUCTOR DEVICE COMMONLY USE TO AMPLIFY ORCOMMONLY USE TO AMPLIFY OR SWITCH ELECTRONIC SIGNALS.SWITCH ELECTRONIC SIGNALS. THE GREATEST INVENTION OF THETHE GREATEST INVENTION OF THE 2OTH CENTURY.2OTH CENTURY. WERE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER,WERE SMALLER, FASTER, CHEAPER, REQUIRED LESS POWER ANDREQUIRED LESS POWER AND PRODUCED LESS HEAT THANPRODUCED LESS HEAT THAN VACUUM TUBES.VACUUM TUBES. MADE 2MADE 2NDND GEN. COMPUTER MOREGEN. COMPUTER MORE FASTER MORE RELIABLE THAN 1FASTER MORE RELIABLE THAN 1STST GEN COMPUTERS.GEN COMPUTERS.
  6. 6. BESIDES INCREASING SPEED, ITBESIDES INCREASING SPEED, IT CAN AMPLIFY A SIGNAL, OR OPENCAN AMPLIFY A SIGNAL, OR OPEN AND CLOSE A CIRCUIT, SERVE ASAND CLOSE A CIRCUIT, SERVE AS ELECTRONIC SWITCH OR BRIDGEELECTRONIC SWITCH OR BRIDGE TO COMPUTERS.TO COMPUTERS. ALLOWED COMPUTERS TOALLOWED COMPUTERS TO COMMUNICATE OVERCOMMUNICATE OVER TELEPHONE LINES.TELEPHONE LINES. IT GAVE WAY TO THE CONCEPTSIT GAVE WAY TO THE CONCEPTS OF PARALLEL PROCESSOR ANDOF PARALLEL PROCESSOR AND MULTIPROGRAMMING.MULTIPROGRAMMING.
  7. 7. JOHN BARDEN, WALTER BRATTAIN and WILLIANJOHN BARDEN, WALTER BRATTAIN and WILLIAN SHOCKLEYSHOCKLEY OFOF BELL TELEPHONEBELL TELEPHONE LABORATORIESLABORATORIES INVENTED THE TRANSISTOR.INVENTED THE TRANSISTOR.
  8. 8. GRACE MURRAY HOPPERGRACE MURRAY HOPPER THE WOMANTHE WOMAN THAT FOUNDTHAT FOUND THE FIRSTTHE FIRST COMPUTERCOMPUTER BUG, FINISHESBUG, FINISHES DEVELOPINGDEVELOPING THETHE COBOLCOBOL CO - CommonCO - Common B - BusinessB - Business O - OrientedO - Oriented L - LanguagesL - Languages
  9. 9. COMPUTER BUGCOMPUTER BUG A software bug is an error, flaw, failure, or fault in a computer program or system that causes it to produce an incorrect or unexpected result, or to behave in unintended ways. Most bugs arise from mistakes and errors made by people in either a program's source code or its design, or in frameworks and operating systems used by such programs, and a few are caused by compilers producing incorrect code.
  10. 10. The term "bug" was used in an account by computer pioneer Grace Hopper, who publicized the cause of a malfunction in an early electromechanical computer
  11. 11. 1964: KEN OLSEN1964: KEN OLSEN FOUNDED THEFOUNDED THE DEC- DIGITALDEC- DIGITAL EQUIPMENTEQUIPMENT CORPORATIONCORPORATION , RELEASED, RELEASED THE FIRSTTHE FIRST SUCCESFULLSUCCESFULL COMMERCIALCOMMERCIAL MINI-MINI- COMPUTER,COMPUTER, THE PDP-8THE PDP-8
  12. 12. The 12-bit PDP-8 was the first successful commercial minicomputer, produced by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the 1960s. DEC introduced it on 22 March 1965, and sold more than 50,000 systems, the most of any computer up to that date.[1] It was the first widely sold computer in the DEC PDP series of computers (the PDP-5 was not originally intended to be a general-purpose computer).[2] The chief engineer who designed the initial version of the PDP- 8 was Edson de Castro, who later founded Data General.[3] The earliest PDP-8 model (informally known as a "Straight-8") used diode-transistor logic, packaged on flip chip cards, and was about the size of a small household refrigerator.[4]
  13. 13. 1965: THOMAS KURTZ and JOHN1965: THOMAS KURTZ and JOHN KEMENYKEMENY DEVELOPEDDEVELOPED THETHE BASICBASIC- A- A COMPUTERCOMPUTER LANGUAGELANGUAGE TO HELPTO HELP PEOPLE HOWPEOPLE HOW TO PROGRAMTO PROGRAM B- BeginnersB- Beginners A-A- All PurposeAll Purpose S-S- SymbolicSymbolic I-I- InstructionInstruction C-C-CodeCode
  14. 14. TRIVIATRIVIA Who was the first man that walks over the water? Who was the second man that walks over the water? Who was the third man that walks over the water? Do you wish that you can walks over the water today?
  15. 15. ELECTRONIC AGEELECTRONIC AGE THE THIRD GENERATIONTHE THIRD GENERATION 1963-19741963-1974
  16. 16. INDIVIDUAL TRANSISTOR WEREINDIVIDUAL TRANSISTOR WERE REPLACED BY INTEGRATEDREPLACED BY INTEGRATED CIRCUITS.CIRCUITS. MAGNETIC TAPE and DISKMAGNETIC TAPE and DISK COMPLETELY REPLACECOMPLETELY REPLACE PUNCHED CARDS AS EXTERNALPUNCHED CARDS AS EXTERNAL STORAGE DEVICES.STORAGE DEVICES. A NEW FORM OF MAGNETICA NEW FORM OF MAGNETIC CORE, MOS (metal oxideCORE, MOS (metal oxide semiconductor)semiconductor)
  17. 17. 1958: JACK KILBY1958: JACK KILBY Responsible forResponsible for the developmentthe development and applicationand application of a monolithicof a monolithic integratedintegrated circuits, whichcircuits, which still widely usedstill widely used in electronicin electronic system.system.
  18. 18. INTEGRATED CIRCUITSINTEGRATED CIRCUITS IS A SINGLE WAFER OR CHIP THATIS A SINGLE WAFER OR CHIP THAT CAN HOLD MANY TRANSISTORS ANDCAN HOLD MANY TRANSISTORS AND ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS.ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS. ELIMINATED THE NEED FORELIMINATED THE NEED FOR UNRELIABLE HAND WIRE CIRCUITS.UNRELIABLE HAND WIRE CIRCUITS. ALLOWED HUNDREDS OF CIRCUITSALLOWED HUNDREDS OF CIRCUITS TO BE EASILY CONNECTED.TO BE EASILY CONNECTED. WERE FASTER, IMPROVED MEMORY,WERE FASTER, IMPROVED MEMORY, AND REDUCED THE PRICE OFAND REDUCED THE PRICE OF COMPUTERS.COMPUTERS.
  19. 19. 1968- ROBERT NOYCE- one of the inventors of integrated circuits founded the INTEL.
  20. 20. The Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) was a digital computer produced for the Apollo program that was installed on board each Apollo Command Module (CM) and Lunar Module (LM). The AGC provided computation and electronic interfaces for guidance, navigation, and control of the spacecraft The AGC is notable for being one of the first integrated circuit-based computers.
  21. 21. 1969- ARPANET is set up later becomes1969- ARPANET is set up later becomes INTERNET.INTERNET. 1972-THE C programming language is1972-THE C programming language is developed at AT&T Bell Labs by Briandeveloped at AT&T Bell Labs by Brian Kerningham and Dennis Ritchie.Kerningham and Dennis Ritchie. UNIX is written at Bell Labs and becomeUNIX is written at Bell Labs and become the most portable operating system.the most portable operating system.
  22. 22. ELECTRONIC AGEELECTRONIC AGE THE FOURTH GENERATIONTHE FOURTH GENERATION 1979-PRESENT1979-PRESENT
  23. 23. INTEL CORPORATIONINTEL CORPORATION designed the first tinydesigned the first tiny computer on a chip, called acomputer on a chip, called a MICROPROCESSOR.MICROPROCESSOR. MADE THE COMPUTER OFMADE THE COMPUTER OF THE FOURTH GENERATIONTHE FOURTH GENERATION THE FASTEST AND THETHE FASTEST AND THE MOST POWERFUL THEYMOST POWERFUL THEY HAVE EVER BEEN.HAVE EVER BEEN.
  24. 24. MICROPROCESSORMICROPROCESSOR IS AN INTEGRATED CIRCUITSIS AN INTEGRATED CIRCUITS BUILT ON A TINY PIECE OFBUILT ON A TINY PIECE OF SILICON.SILICON. IT CONTAINS THOUSANDS, ORIT CONTAINS THOUSANDS, OR EVEN MILLIONS OF TRANSISTORS,EVEN MILLIONS OF TRANSISTORS, WHICH ARE INTERCONNECTED VIAWHICH ARE INTERCONNECTED VIA SUPERFINE TRACES OFSUPERFINE TRACES OF ALUMINUM, WORK TOGETHER TOALUMINUM, WORK TOGETHER TO STORE AND MANIPULATE DATA.STORE AND MANIPULATE DATA.
  25. 25. ALTAIR 8800- a special computer, because it made computers available to everyone, it has 256 bytes of memory, and ran by BASIC.
  26. 26. WILLIAM HENRY “BILL” GATES III PAUL ALLEN
  27. 27. Apple II- the first PC to come in plastic case and include colour graphics, introduced by the APPLE COMPUTERS, design by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak The graphic users interface computer (GUI)
  28. 28. SOFTWARE/PROGRAMSOFTWARE/PROGRAM SS VISICALC- the first spreadsheetVISICALC- the first spreadsheet program.program. WORDSTAR- the first wordWORDSTAR- the first word processor.processor. MS-DOS- operating systemMS-DOS- operating system introduced by IBM.introduced by IBM.
  29. 29. IBM PC- IBM personal computer in the market, and it came with a DOS, licensed by the Microsoft. D- DISK O- OPERATING S- SYTEM
  30. 30. APPLE MACINTOSH- introduced by Apple Computers in 1984, a simple GUI with 8-MHz, 32 bit Motorola 68000 CPU, and has a built in 9- inch B/W screen.
  31. 31. AMIGA- the first multimedia computer, introduced games, advanced graphics, and multitasking operating system with GUI.
  32. 32. AMIGA
  33. 33. What about the 5What about the 5thth generation ofgeneration of computers?computers?

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