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World War I

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Origins of WWI

Origins of WWI


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  • 1. WORLD WAR I 1914-1918 “ The Great War to End all Wars”
  • 2.  
  • 3. Causes of World War I
    • Imperialism – competition for overseas empires
    • Militarism – build up of a countries’ military
  • 4. Causes of World War I
    • Nationalism – pride in one’s country
    • Secret Alliances among European Nations
    • WWI was caused by M.A.N.I.A.C.S.
  • 5. The Fuse
    • Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated by a Bosnian rebel
    • Austria-Hungary declared war on Bosnia and Serbia
  • 6. The Fuse
    • Secret Alliances caused all of Europe to get into conflict
  • 7. Two Sides
    • Central Powers
      • Germany
      • Austria-Hungary
    • Allied Powers
      • France
      • Great Britain (U.K.)
      • Russia
      • Serbia
  • 8.  
  • 9. U.S. Returns to Isolationism
    • “ America would not get involved in an European War” – President Woodrow Wilson
  • 10. U.S. Returns to Isolationism
    • Government did not want to upset immigrants in the United States
    • U.S. secretly supported and sent weapons to Allied countries
  • 11. Why did America Join the War?
    • German U-boats (submarines) were sinking US trade ships going to Europe
  • 12. Why did America Join the War?
    • Zimmerman Note
      • US discovered a German plan to attempt to have Mexico declare war on U.S.
      • helped generate support for war from American citizens
  • 13. Why did America Join the War?
    • U.S. cruise ship , The Lusitania , was sank by German U-boats
    • 1,260 Americans killed.
  • 14. Why did America Join the War?
    • March 20, 1917, U.S. declares war on Germany and Central Powers
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction
    • New Weapons
      • Machine guns, poison gas, airplanes, artillery cannons, flame throwers, tanks
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction
    • British style, straight line fighting was suicide
  • 21. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction
    • Trench Warfare became the new style of fighting
  • 22. US Involvement turns the War
    • US added fresh troops and resources to Allies
    • Allies started to win when US got involved
    • Russia pulls out of war because of unrest in their country
  • 23. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution
    • Vladimir Lenin overthrew democratic gov’t in Russia
    • He set up a fascist form of socialism called Communism
  • 24. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution
    • US and Russia became enemies after Communist takeover
  • 25. Allies Claim Victory
    • Treaty of Versailles officially ended war in 1919
    • Europe was in ruins
      • Infrastructure was destroyed
      • 8 million dead, 21.5 million wounded
      • US only had 250,000 dead and wounded
  • 26. The Big 4
  • 27.  
  • 28. General Information…
    • Started on July 28, 1914
    • Ended on November 11, 1918
    • Almost 8,000,000 dead.
    • *** Russia the most = 1.7 million
    • Almost 22,000,000 wounded…..
    • Map of Europe greatly changed .
  • 29.  
  • 30.  
  • 31.