Functional Requirements For Bibliographic Records - FRBR


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A presentation about the functional requirements for bibliographic records-FRBR and its applications

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Functional Requirements For Bibliographic Records - FRBR

  1. 1. FRBR I M W E 29 November 2012
  2. 2. • Definition• History• Objectives• Bibliographic Universe• FRBR User Tasks• FRBR Entities• E-Relationships• E-Attributes• FRBR Benefits• FR Family• Examples FRBR by Jamila Jaber 2
  3. 3. • The Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records “Ferber” is a conceptual entity- relationship model that relates user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases FRBR by Jamila Jaber 3
  4. 4. What is a conceptual model?Abstract representation of the universe of thingsbeing described• Things in that universe (Entities)• Identifying characteristics of those entities (Attributes)• Linking these entities (Relationships) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 4
  5. 5. FRBR is:• Not Cataloguing Rules• Not Data Models• Not an implementation study/guide FRBR by Jamila Jaber 5
  6. 6. • Almost forty years ago the IFLA initiated a fundamental re-examination of cataloguing theory and practice on an international level• 1992-1997 IFLA’s FRBR Working Group• 1998 IFLAs FRBR, Final Report FRBR by Jamila Jaber 6
  7. 7. • Provide a clearly defined, structured framework for relating the data that are recorded in bibliographic records to the needs of the users• Recommend a basic level of functionality for records created by national bibliographic agencies FRBR by Jamila Jaber 7
  8. 8. From: Object oriented model Emphasis on theobject containing a document/content (AACR2)To: Content oriented model IFLA 1998 focuses atfunctional requirements of library catalog records(catalogs objectives/ User tasks) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 8
  9. 9. RDA• RDA “new AACR2” is a cataloging standard that is based on the FRBR conceptual model• RDA introduces a new framework for technical and content description consists of three data elements: Content type, media type and carrier type FRBR by Jamila Jaber 9
  10. 10. Modeling• FRBR & User Tasks“FRBR is a user-centered model, explicitly relating itsorganization of entities and attributes to the users tasksidentified by the 1998 IFLA modification to the ParisPrinciples (find, identify, select, and obtain).”(Antelman,2004)• Entity-Relationship framework – Entities (a class of things) – Relationships (associations among entities) – Attributes (characteristics of the entities) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 10
  11. 11. • Find to locate either a single entity or a set of entities as the result of a search using an attribute or relationship of the entity• Identify to confirm that the entity described corresponds to the entity sought, or to distinguish between two or more entities with similar characteristics FRBR by Jamila Jaber 11
  12. 12. • Select to choose an entity that meets the users requirements with respect to content, physical format, etc., or to reject an entity as being inappropriate to the users needs• Obtain to acquire an entity through purchase, loan, etc., or to access an entity electronically through an online connection FRBR by Jamila Jaber 12
  13. 13. • Group 1 Entities – Works, Expressions, Manifestations, and Items (WEMI)• Group 2 Entities – Persons, Corporate Bodies, Families (FRAD)• Group 3 Entities – Concept, Place, Event, Object, plus all Group 1 & 2 Entities (FRSAD) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 13
  14. 14. (WEMI) WORK is realized through EXPRESSION is embodied in MANIFESTATION is exemplified by ITEM FRBR by Jamila Jaber 14
  15. 15. WORK• Abstract entity• No single material object one can point to• Recognized through individual realizations or expressions• Exists only in the commonality of content between and among the various expressions FRBR by Jamila Jaber 15
  16. 16. Expression• The intellectual or artistic realization of a work in the form of: – Alpha-numeric notation – Musical notation – Choreographic notation – Sound – Image – Object – Movement – Or any combination of such forms FRBR by Jamila Jaber 16
  17. 17. Manifestation• Encompasses a wide range of materials – Manuscripts – Books – Periodicals – Maps – Posters – Sound recordings – CD-ROMs – Multimedia kits FRBR by Jamila Jaber 17
  18. 18. Item• Item is a concrete entity• A single physical object (e.g., a copy of a one-volume monograph, a single audio cassette, etc.) or:• Can comprise more than one physical object (e.g., a monograph issued as two separately bound volumes, a recording issued on three separate compact discs, etc.). FRBR by Jamila Jaber 18
  19. 19. Pride and PrejudiceExample (Work) Original Novel French Translation Audiobook (Expression) (Expression) (Expression) Audio Pub. Co., Keynes, 1813 Éditions ABC, 2002 2006 (Manifestation) (Manifestation) (Manifestation) Owned by Library of Owned by Owned by IUL Congress LAU (Item) (Item) (Item) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 19
  20. 20. • Persons, corporate bodies, and families responsible for: – the intellectual or artistic content, – the physical production and dissemination, or – the custodianship of the entities FRBR by Jamila Jaber 20
  21. 21. Example Person Wagner, Richard, 1813-1883 Musical WorkDie Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Opera) Literary Work Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Libretto) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 21
  22. 22. Concept An abstract notion or an idea as a subject of a work. E.g.: Economics, Agriculture, Library ScienceObject A material thing as a subject of a work. E.g.: Eiffel Tower, ChallengerEvent An action or occurrences (historical events, periods of time, etc.) as a subject of a work. E.g.: Civil War, 21st CenturyPlace A location (terrestrial and extraterrestrial; historical and contemporary; geographic features and geopolitical jurisdictions as subjects of a work. E.g.: The Moon, Ohio, Howard Beach. All of Group 1 and Group 2 entities can be subjects of a work FRBR by Jamila Jaber 22
  23. 23. Example Work Created by Songs of Innocence and Person Blake, William, 1757-1827 Experience Creates Has Subject Work Approaches to Teaching Blake Concept/Topic Literary education Created by Creates Person Gleckner, Robert F. FRBR by Jamila Jaber 23
  24. 24. • Inherent relationships: – work “is realized by” by an expression – expression “is embodied in” a manifestation – manifestation “is exemplified by” an item• Content relationships: – Equivalence – Derivative – Descriptive – Whole/part – Part-to-part – Shared characteristics FRBR by Jamila Jaber 24
  25. 25. Equivalent Derivative Descriptive Free Review Translation Microform Edition Summary CasebookReproduction Abstract Dramatization Criticism Simultaneous Abridged “Publication” Edition Digest Novelization Screenplay Copy Libretto Illustrated Evaluation Revision Edition Change of Genre Exact Expurgated Parody AnnotatedReproduction Translation Imitation Edition Edition Same Style or Variations or Facsimile Arrangement Thematic Content Versions Commentary Slight Reprint Adaptation Modification Same Work – Original Work-- Cataloging Rules New WorkSame Expression New ExpressionFRBR by Jamila Jaber Cut-Off Point
  26. 26. Attributes of a Work:• Title of the work• Form of work• Date of the work• Other distinguishing characteristic• Intended termination• Intended audience• Context for the work• Others … FRBR by Jamila Jaber 26
  27. 27. Attributes of an Expression:• Form of expression• Date of the expression• Language of expression• Other distinguishing characteristic• Extensibility of expression• Revisibility of expression• Extent of the expression• Summarization of content• Others … FRBR by Jamila Jaber 27
  28. 28. Attributes of a Manifestation:• Title of the manifestation• Statement of responsibility• Edition/issue designation• Place of publication/distribution• Publisher/distributor• Date of publication/distribution• Fabricator/manufacturer• Series statement• Form of carrier• Extent of the carrier• Physical medium• Others … FRBR by Jamila Jaber 28
  29. 29. Attributes of an Item:• Item identifier• Fingerprint• Provenance of the item• Marks/inscriptions• Exhibition history• Condition of the item• Treatment history• Scheduled treatment• Access restrictions on the item FRBR by Jamila Jaber 29
  30. 30. Attributes of a person: – Title of person – Dates associated with the person (birth/death/period of activity – Gender – Place of birth – Place of death – Country – Place of residence FRBR by Jamila Jaber 30
  31. 31. Attributes of a family:  Type of family  Dates of family  Places associated with family  Field of activity  History of family FRBR by Jamila Jaber 31
  32. 32. Attributes of a corporate body: – Place associated – Dates associated – Language of the corporate body – Address – Field of activity – History – Other information associated with the corporate body FRBR by Jamila Jaber 32
  33. 33. Attributes of a concept: – Term for the conceptAttributes of an object: – Term for the objectAttributes of an event: – Term for the eventAttributes of a place: – Term for the place FRBR by Jamila Jaber 33
  34. 34. • Collocation – Better organization to catalog – Improve the user experience in locating information• Simplify cataloging – Cut costs for the description and access to resources in our libraries – Enabling links and re-use of identifying elements• Guide systems designs for the future• Guide rule makers FRBR by Jamila Jaber 34
  35. 35. CollocationCollocation by Works Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. + All’s well that ends well + As you like it + Hamlet + Macbeth + Midsummer night’s dream FRBR by Jamila Jaber 35
  36. 36. CollocationCollocation by Family of Works and Expressions Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet. + Texts + Motion Pictures + Sound Recordings FRBR by Jamila Jaber 36
  37. 37. CollocationCollocation by Expressions Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet. + Texts – Danish + Texts – Dutch + Texts – English + Motion Pictures – English + Sound Recordings - English FRBR by Jamila Jaber 37
  38. 38. CollocationCollocation of Manifestations Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616.Hamlet. - Motion pictures – English + 1964 Director, Bill Collegan + 1990 Director, Kevin Kline, Kirk Browning + 1990 Director, Franco Zeffirelli FRBR by Jamila Jaber 38
  39. 39. • FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Original framework (approved 1997, published 1998) Defines all entities Focus on Group 1 entities• FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data FRANAR (published June, 2009) Authority records Focus on Group 2 entities• FRSAD: Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data Focus on Group3 entities Established April 2005 Final Report released (June, 2010) FRBR by Jamila Jaber 39
  40. 40. WORK EXPRESSION100 1_ $aWinton, Tim,$d1960- MANIFESTATION ITEM240 10 $aCloudstreet.$lGerman245 13 $aDas Haus an der Cloudstreet :$bRoman / $cTim Winton ; aus dem australischen Englisch von Barbara Lehnerer260 __ $aFrankfurt am Main :$bKruger,$c1998.300 __ $a 493 p. ;$c22 cm.700 1_ $aLehnerer, Barbara,$etranslator.900 __ $aLibrary’s copy signed by the author. FRBR by Jamila Jaber 40
  41. 41. Hierarchical Catalog Records• The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje +WORK Ondaatje, Michael, 1943- The English patient. [original book] +WORK The English patient. [film] +WORK Minghella, Anthony. The English patient. [film script] FRBR by Jamila Jaber 41
  42. 42. Hierarchical Catalog Records• The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje -WORK Ondaatje, Michael, 1943- The English patient. [original book] +EXPRESSION Text - English +EXPRESSION Sound recording – English FRBR by Jamila Jaber 42
  43. 43. Hierarchical Catalog Records• The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje -WORK Ondaatje, Michael, 1943- The English patient. [original book] - EXPRESSION Text – English + MANIFESTATION The English patient / Michael Ondaatje. London : Chivers Press, 1997. 455 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. ISBN: 0786211512 (hbk.) ISBN: 075402024X (U.K. pbk.) + MANIFESTATION The English patient / by Michael Ondaatje. New York : Vintage Books, 1993. 1st Vintage International ed. 305 p. ; 21 cm. ISBN: 0679745203 FRBR by Jamila Jaber 43
  44. 44. Hierarchical Catalog Records• The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje -WORK Ondaatje, Michael, 1943- The English patient. [original book] - EXPRESSION Text – English - MANIFESTATION The English patient / Michael Ondaatje. London : Chivers Press, 1997. 455 p. : ill. ; 23 cm. ISBN: 0786211512 (hbk.) ISBN: 075402024X (U.K. pbk.) . ITEM 2806897483 MAIN Material Type: BOOK ENGLISH S 249 OND 10 FRBR by Jamila Jaber 44
  45. 45. Bram Stokers Dracula in FRBR terms (video) THANK YOU FRBR by Jamila Jaber 45
  46. 46. • ABDEL KADER, Amel Hasin (‫“ .)أمل حسين عبد القادر‬FRBR ‫ .”المتطلبات الوظيفية للتسجيلة الببليوجرافية‬In: Cybrarians Journal [on line]. June 2005, No. 5 [cited 27 July 2005]. Available from World Wide Web: <> ISSN 1687-2215.• BADEN, Diane. Is FRBR in our future?: NELINET, ILL Spring meeting, June 16, 2003 [on line]. [Southborough, Mass.]: NELINET, 2003 [cited 12 August 2003]. Available from World Wide Web: <>.• CARLYLE, Allyson. FRBR and the Bibliographic Universe, or, How to Read FRBR as a Model. In: Back to the future, ALCTS Preconference, ALA Annual Meeting, Orlando, June 25, 2004 [on line]. [S. l.]: ALA, 2004 [cited 25 October 2004]. Available from World Wide Web: <>.• CARLYLE, Allyson. Understanding FRBR as a Conceptual Model: FRBR and the Bibliographic Universe. In: Library Resources & Technical Services. 2006. Vol. 50, No. 4, pp. 264-273. Also available on line from:• "FRBR Overview and Application Module 1 CLW ppt free ebook download from" Ebook Search & Free Ebook Downloads - N.p., 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2012. < and-application-module-1-clw-ppt-d297969696>• IFLA Study Group on the functional requirements for bibliographic records. Functional requirements for bibliographic records: final report [printed text]. – Munich, Germany : K. G. Saur, 1998. Also available online from World Wide Web:• Tillet, Barbara. "FRBR: Things You Should Know, But Were Afraid to Ask Webcast (Library of Congress)." Library of Congress Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <>.ttp://• Tillet, Barbara. "What is FRBR?." Library Of Congress. Library Of Congress, 2003.Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <> FRBR by Jamila Jaber 46