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Explaining the AACR2 rules, structure with examples

Explaining the AACR2 rules, structure with examples



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  • First Arabic edition of AACR2 was published in 1983
  • First Arabic edition of AACR2 was published in 1983

AACR2 AACR2 Presentation Transcript

  • AACR2by JAMILA JABEROrganization of Information Dr. JAWAD MAKKI 28/09/2012 Powerpoint Templates Page 1
  • Cataloguing Organizing a library materials in an effective manner according to standardized rules and practices in order to allow users to retrieve information quickly, and ultimately Whether the retrieval system is a card catalogue (ISBD) or an automated catalogue (MARC) Powerpoint Templates Page 2
  • Definitions AACR = content standard for resource description and access MARC = communication and exchange format providing a structure for encoding the content of bibliographic and authority data ISBD = rules that organise the display of a bibliographic description of an item in a catalogue Powerpoint Templates Page 3
  • Why AACR2? Growth of libraries Extensions of catalogue processes Bibliographic services With the time of mechanization: Growth of centralized and cooperative bibliographic services and networks Development and unification of services in the national Libraries Main objective: Develop an international cataloguing code in order to exchange of bibliographic data Powerpoint Templates Page 4
  • History 1908: “cataloguing rules: author and title entries” 1949: “Anglo American entries” ALA, LOC 1967: “AACR” 1978: “AACR2” ALA (USA), CLA (Canada) and the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (UK) 1988: “AACR2R” 2002: “AACR2R” 2003: A schedule of annual updates began and ceased with 2005 2010: AACR2 has been succeeded by Resource Description and Access (RDA) Powerpoint Templates Page 5
  • Outline of AACR2 Part 1: Description Chapter 1: General rules Chapters 2 -12: Resource type - specific rules Chapter 13: Analytic entries Part 2: Headings, Uniform Titles, References Chapter 21: Choice of access points Chapters 22 – 26: Construction of access points Appendices A: Capitalisation, B: Abbreviations, C: Numerals, D: Glossary, E: Initial articles Powerpoint Templates Page 6
  • Structure of AACR2 Description of an item goes from general to specific Relating To • the item type BOOK, Prints, Maps, Music, Animation, computer files, CD/DVD, periodicals… • To the level of cataloguing Powerpoint Templates Page 7
  • Levels of cataloguing -Full-level cataloging: Records that meet the requirements of second-level description (AACR2, rule 1.0D2) -Core-level cataloging: Records that meet the requirements of first-level description (AACR2, rule 1.0D1) and some of the requirements of second-level description (AACR2, rule 1.0D2). -Minimal-level cataloging: Records that meet the requirements of first-level description (AACR2, rule 1.0D1). Powerpoint Templates Page 8
  • Structure of AACR2 Cataloguing of an item is based on fields/area — title and statement of responsibility area/entry — edition area/entry — special area for serials, computer files, maps, an other cartographic materials and music — publication distribution, etc., area/entry — physical description area/entry — series area/entry — note(s) area/entry — standard number area/entry — subject headings area/entry Powerpoint Templates Page 9
  • Structure of AACR2 The choice of access points/ Main entry — headings for persons — geographic names — headings for corporate bodies — uniform titles e.g. Main entry conference 111 2# |aColloque international du FLE|d(2011:|cUnivesité Islamique du Liban, Liban) Powerpoint Templates Page 10
  • Types of cataloguing Original cataloguing: For MARC records, when you input a new master record cataloged according to current cataloging practices and AACR2. the library code is mentioned in the field 040 (code 040##|aLB-ChIUL) Copy cataloguing: A MARC record exists. You modify the record for local use and create a copy of the record with your modifications. (040##|aLC|bLB-ChIUL) Transcribing cataloging copy: You create a master record using an existing non-MARC record (040##|aLC|bLC|cLB-CIUL) Powerpoint Templates Page 11
  • AACR2 Key principles • One principle entry per resource Authority/access point control it is the process whereby consistency of form is maintained in the headings (names, uniform titles, series titles, subjects), retrievable form authority files/vocabularies 100 1# |aMakki, Jawad 245 10 |aOrganization of information /|cJawad Makki Powerpoint Templates Page 12
  • AACR2 Key principles • Chief source of information (e. g. The title page is the chief source of information‖ If a book has no title page, use the cover, the half-title page or the caption…) Powerpoint Templates Page 13
  • e.g. Title rule • Transcribe the title proper just as it appears in the title page (chief source of information) TITLE • Transcribe exactly all the words of the title proper = do not omit any words • Items lacking a title = the cataloguer can make up a title for an item but MUST put it in [brackets] Powerpoint Templates Page 14
  • Title: subtitle Authors with the same function Author with another functionBy G.L. Preston…[et al.] ; illustrated by S.E. Belew Name of Publisher Place Date Powerpoint Templates Page 15
  • AACR2 Key principles • Punctuation: AACR2R punctuation is according to International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD). ―punctuation must be correct: some systems will not save a record without the correct punctuation, or will save it incorrectly‖! 100 1#|aMakki, Jawad,|d1982- Powerpoint Templates Page 16
  • Examples Book ISBD card 940.4 Berton, Pierre, 1920- BER Vimy / Pierre Berton. -- Toronto : McClelland and Stewart, c1986. 336 p. : maps ; 25 cm. Includes bibliographical references (p. 317–325) and index. ISBN 0771013396 1. Vimy Ridge, Battle of, 1917. I. Title. C86-0937070 Powerpoint Templates Page 17
  • Examples Book MARC21 record NLC Control # 016 $a860937070 ISBN 020 $a0771013396 Cat. Source 040 $aCaOTUbengcCaOTUdCaOONL Dewey Class 082 04 $a940.4 Local Call # 090 $a940.4 BER ME:Pers. Name 100 1_ $aBerton, Pierre,$d1920- Title 245 10 $aVimy /$cPierre Berton Imprint 260 $aToronto :$bMcClelland and Stewart, $cc1986. Phys. Descript. 300 $a336 p. :$bmaps ;$c25 cm. Note:Bibliog. 504 $aIncludes bibliographical references (p. 317–325) and index. Subj. Topical 650 _0 $aVimy Ridge, Battle of, 1917. Powerpoint Templates Page 18
  • Examples CD Audio ISBD card CD 784.5 Turner, Tina. TUR Private dancer [sound recording]. -- Hollywood, Calif. : Capital, cp1984. 1 sound disc (39 min., 31 sec.) : digital, 4¾ in. 1. Popular music -- United States. 2 Rock music -- United States. I. Title. Powerpoint Templates Page 19
  • Examples CD Audio MARC21 record Dewey Class 082 0_ $a784.5 Local Call # 090 $a784.5 TUR $bCD ME:Pers. Name 100 1_ $aTurner, Tina Title 245 10 $aPrivate dancer$h[sound recording]. Imprint 260 $aHollywood, Calif. :$bCapitol,$cp1984. Phys. Descript. 300 $a1 sound disc (39 min., 31 sec.) :$ddigital ;$c4¾ in. Subj. Topical 650 _0 $aPopular music$zUnited States. Subj. Topical 650 _0 $aRock music$zUnited States. Powerpoint Templates Page 20
  • Examples MARC21 original cataloguing record Powerpoint Templates Page 21
  • Examples MARC21 copy cataloguing record Powerpoint Templates Page 22
  • References • AACR2 homepage http://www.aacr2.org/index.html • The concise AACR2. 4th ed.2004 • Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia • AACR2 versus RDA http://tsig.wikispaces.com/file/view/AACR2_versus_RDA.pdf • Cataloguing : Access : AACR2 : Access Points • Bibliographic format and standards http://www.oclc.org/bibformats/en/onlinecataloging/#BCGFECEG • The Tools of our Trade: AACR2/RDA and MARC http://fr.slideshare.net/AnnChapman/lmu-rdam2120100315 RDA ACCR2 • http://fr.slideshare.net/Muawwad/rda-aacr2 • AACR2 & RDA • http://arablibrariannet.blogspot.com/2008/04/2009-aacr2-rda.html Powerpoint Templates Page 23