Removing CommunicationBarriers:International ContentStandards at LISA & OASISDr. Arle Lommel, LISAarle@lisa.orgJames Bryce Clark, OASISjamie.email@example.comFebruary 10, 2011
● OASIS is a member-led, “The largest international non-profit standards group for standards consortium for electronic commerce global e-business & the on the Web.” information economy● Over 650 members● Over 70 technical committees producing royalty-free and RAND standards Best-known works include: OpenDocument Format, CMIS and DITA (documents); SAML, XACML, KMIP, IMI, ID-Cloud and WS-Security (identity & security); BPEL, UDDI, WS-RM and the SOA Reference Model (SOA & web services); CAP, UBL & ebXML (e-government)
OASIS interoperates with the world Cooperation, liaison and harmonization with other standards organizations is a first-class OASIS priority Formal working relationships with: ISO, IEC, ITU, UN-ECE MoU for E-Business ISO/IEC JTC1 SC34, SC38; ISO TCs 154, 215, ITU-T SG 17 IPTC, OECD, SWIFT, UPU, World Bank Asia PKI, Changfeng (Beijing), CESI, EA-ECA, Korean NIA, CEN/ISSS, European ICTSB, ETSI, PSLX, Standards-AU ABA, ACORD, AIAG, CalConnect, HL7, MBAA, NAESB, LRC, InfoCard/OpenID, Kantara/Liberty, LISA, OAGi, OGC, OMA, OMG, RosettaNet/UCC, W3C, WS-I
What is a “Standard”? StandardAnything on which a few vendors agree?Well, no. An open standard is: Publicly available Stable, persistent versions Published rules Open process (public comments, archives, no NDAs) Explicit, disclosed, finite IPR termsAnything else is proprietary: this is aregulatory policy distinction, not a pejorative.
How open standards causeinteroperability & convergence Standards are modular Users and developers test whether the method can be used in conjunction with other specifications Modular methods can be phased into legacy architectures Modular methods are less vulnerable to vendor lock-in No-one uses just ONE standard
OASIS DocBookSince 1998; latest: v5.0 (2009)Workspace: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/docbookSpec: http://www.oasis-open.org/specs/index.php#docbookStructured document authoring using XML orSGML, starting with software and hardwaretechnical documentation use cases.From Markup to publishing-specific functionality• inline graphics• title and subtitle handling• bibliographies, defined terms, lists and cross references• delimiters for blocks of texts, subjects, ancillary matter
OASIS DITADarwin Information Typing ArchitectureSince 2004; Latest = v5.0 (2009)Workspace: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/ditaSpecification: http://www.oasis-open.org/specs/index.php#ditav1.2XML schemas for modular, topic-based informationpresentation. Extensible by specialization, where new,supplemental semantic structures, document types anddata types can be added for specific topics. Current DITAvocabulary specializations include learning & trainingcontent, pharmaceutical content, web content,semiconductor design content, and translation content.Documents atomize semantically, into topics andmaps, associated with metadata, vocabularies andother re-useable bytes; renditions of the material mayvary widely from use to use and processor toprocessor.
OASIS CMISContent Management Interoperability ServicesSince 2008; Latest = v1.0 (2010)Workspace: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/cmisSpecification: http://www.oasis-open.org/specs/index.php#cmisv1.0CMIS provides a data exchange model, abstractcapabilities set and set of data bindings for ContentManagement repositories/systems, to work with eachother and outside applications, to support aggregatecontent use that leverages current repositories.Chief use cases include portals and mashups thatconsume content from multiple systems; searchesacross repositories for re-use, records managementand audit purposes; and subscription & notificationservices.
OASIS XLIFFXML Localisation Interchange File FormatSince 2001; Latest = v1.2 (2008)Workspace: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/xliffSpecification: http://www.oasis-open.org/specs/index.php#xliffv1.2XLIFF is a set of XML vocabularies for standardizedinterchange of localisable software, document-basedobjects and related metadata between localizationtools..
OASIS OAXALOpen Architecture for XML Authoring & Localization Ref. ModelSince 2008; Latest = v1.0 (2009)Workspace: http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/oaxalSpecification: http://www.oasis- open.org/committees/download.php/35736/OASIS%20Open %20Architecture%20for%20XML%20Authoring%20and %20Localization%20Reference%20Model%20%28OAXAL%29.pdfThe Open Architecture for XML Authoring andLocalization Reference Model provides for anintegrated document creation and localizationenvironment, including planned support for W3C ITS,LISA OSCAR xml:tm, LISA GMX, LISA TMX, UnicodeTR29, OASIS XLIFF, and various open standard XMLVocabularies such as DITA, Docbook, XHTML, SVGand ODF.
What should stakeholders do? Bring your use cases to the standards table Be prepared to compromise If you can participate as an active contributor, do so If you don’t have the bandwidth to contribute actively, be a good observer Understand the ground rules Expect conformance Be a good citizen