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Cold war
 

Cold war

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    Cold war Cold war Presentation Transcript

    • “Wars by Proxy”
      Cold War Proxy Wars
      By: Jamie Bell
    • Proxy Wars:
      • Conflicts in which one superpower provides support to a group or state that opposes the rival superpower. The support may consist of money, arms or personnel.
    • Greek Civil War- 1944
      • The Greek Civil War was fought between the Communist Party of Greece Army supported by the Soviet Union and the Democratic Army of Greece supported by the United States.
      • It was a struggle between the leftist and rightist
      • The Democratic Army of Greece was very successful on the battlefield with support from the US where the Communist party of Greece mad many political errors which resulted in the withdrawal of Yugoslavia
      • After Yugoslavia gain independence the troops supported by the US won the war
      • The democratic sphere of influence increased as well as the in tensions between the two superpowers
    • Korean War- 1945
      • Korea was divided between communists and non-communists. Peacemaker solved all conflicts by dividing the northern communists at the 38th parallel ( North Korea and South Korea)
      • The Soviet Union and America fought through other people, Americans supported South Korea and the Soviet Union supported North Korea
      • The leader of North Korea wanted to invade and attack South Korea. When South Korea boasted to invade North Korea , The North Koreans attacked
      • They easily defeated South Korea
      • Eisenhower brought the Korean war to an end by threatening to use the atomic bomb if China didn’t stop fighting
      • When Khrushchev tried to end the Cold War by destalinizing the communist bloc. The war got worse and tensions increased
    • Vietnam- 1954
      • The United States supported South Vietnam and the Soviet Union supported North Vietnam
      • First began after the division of the country, communist government in North Vietnam and democratic government in South Vietnam
      • North Vietnam launched a guerrilla campaign in South Vietnam with the goal of uniting the country under communist rule
      • US hoping to stop the spread of communism trained the Army of the Republic of Vietnam and provided military to help combat the guerrillas
      • The process of Vietnamization began and US troops withdrew and returned home
      • 1974 Peace Accord was signed and ended conflict
      • 1975 captured Saigon forcing South Vietnam’s surrender and reuniting of the country
    • Bay of Pig Invasion -1961
      • An attack on Cuban soil perpetrated by Cuban exiles supported by the US military to overthrow the government of the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro
      • The fighting lasted two days before US supported Cuban exiles were forced to retreat
      • Invasion failed due to poor planning, no support from the US military and false assumptions that the Cuban rebels would be motivated by the attack to rise against Castor
      • Failed invasion increased Castro’s popularity, to generate greater suspicion and mistrust of the US and to solidify Cuba’s military, political and economic relationship with the Soviet Union
      • The Soviet Union supported Cuba while America supported the Cuban exiles
      • Castro had an increased fear of the US incursion on Cuban soil
      • The bay of Pigs Invasion increased tensions because the US had invaded the Soviet Union’s alliance
    • Chilean Coup d'état- 1973
      • Salvador Allende became president on socialist platform in 1970
      • During Allemde’s presidency Chile nationalized many industries, started health care reform, renewed diplomatic relations with Cuba and Soviet Union government and redistributed land wealth
      • President Nixon authorized millions of dollars in funding for the United States CIA to create instability in Chile and unseat Allende
      • In 1973, Allende died during a military coup led by General Augusto Pinochet who ruled the country as a dictator, implementing free market capitalist economic policies
      • American government claims it had no direct involvement in the coup but it admits to being involved in the conditions it led too
      • It did not increase tensions but was a component of the Cold War
    • Angolan Civil War- 1975
      • Angola gained independence in1975 from Portugal. A civil war has been drug on ever since
      • The MPLA was supported by Cuba, the Soviet Union and countries of the Eastern Bloc
      • The FNLA was allied with the United Sates
      • The US pumped millions of dollars worth of weapons to the UNITA and its military (FNLA). China was also a supporter of FNLA
      • The Soviet Union supplied the military of the MLPA. Cuba supplied millions of Soviet arms
      • MPLA decides to give up Marxism and Leninism and the one party state
      • During 1975 while fighting for control of the capital city MPLA succeeds in driving out rivals
      • MPLA in possession of the capital and with guaranteed support from the Soviet Union and Cuba, declares itself the government of Angola
      • An agreement is reached in 1991 on a new constitution, the two rival armies emerge and they begin holding multiparty elections
      • Angola becomes and extension of the Cold War, but tensions were beginning to decrease.
    • Afghanistan War- 1979
      • The Soviet Union supported the Marxist-Leninist government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan while the United States supported the Mujahideen Resistance
      • On Dec 27th 1979 Soviet troops dressed in Afghanistan uniforms including KGB and special force officers occupied major governmental, military and media buildings in Kabul including their target the Tajbeg Presidential Palace. The Soviets began to suffer because of they couldn’t control the opposition and the country of Afghanistan and the damaged it has caused the Soviet Union’s international standing and military morale.. It withdrew all troops May 15th 1988
      • They sometimes call it the Soviet Afghan War
      • The Afghan War increased tensions because it was a serious threat to peace and tens of thousands of Soviet troops were in oil rich regions
    • http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/vietnamwar/p/VietnamBrief.htm
      http://www.vietnam-war.info/summary/
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_war_in_Afghanistan
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_Civil_War
      www.johnclare.net/Basics_Coldwar.htm
      http://library.thinkquest.org/18355/the_bay_of_pigs_attack.html
      http://library.thinkquest.org/11046/days/bay_of_pigs.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angolan_Civil_War
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