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Nelson Madiba Mandela ~ What an inspiration.
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Nelson Madiba Mandela ~ What an inspiration.


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The inspirational achievements of Nelson Madiba Mandela …

The inspirational achievements of Nelson Madiba Mandela
Some quotes from Madiba
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.

I am fundamentally an optimist. Whether that comes from nature or nurture, I cannot say. Part of being optimistic is keeping one's head pointed toward the sun, one's feet moving forward. There were many dark moments when my faith in humanity was sorely tested, but I would not and could not give myself up to despair. That way lays defeat and death.

A good head and good heart are always a formidable combination. But when you add to that a literate tongue or pen, then you have something very special.

I am not a saint, unless you think of a saint as a sinner who keeps on trying.

Our children are our greatest treasure. They are our future. Those who abuse them tear at the fabric of our society and weaken our nation.

Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.

No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.

Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity; it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. YOU can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.

There is no passion to be found playing small - in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living.

I have walked that long road to freedom. I have tried not to falter; I have made missteps along the way. But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb. I have taken a moment here to rest, to steal a view of the glorious vista that surrounds me, to look back on the distance I have come. But I can only rest for a moment, for with freedom come responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not ended.

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  • 1. The life and times ofNelson Mandela“Education is the most powerful weaponwhich you can use to change the world. ”Official Website:http://www.nelsonmandela.org1
  • 2. Brief Introduction• Full Name: Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela• Born : 18 July 1918,• Age : 94 Years,• Place of birth: Mvezo,Dist: Umtata in theTranskei territory.• Father: Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswaserved as chief of the town of Mvezo,• Mother: Nosekeni Fanny,• Siblings: 3 Brothers & 9 Sisters,• His Hero of life: Paun Robenson (amusician)• His Signature:2
  • 3. Mandela’s Early Life• He is the First member of his family to attend aschool.• At Sixteen, Mandela Completed his JuniorCertificate in 2yrs instead of 3yrs.• At nineteen, he took an interestin boxing and running at the school.• Mandela began to study for a Bachelor ofArts at the Fort Hare University.• At the end of Nelsons first year, he becameinvolved in a Students Representative Councilboycott against university policies.• Mandela later started work as an articledclerk at a Johannesburg law firm.• Mandela completed his B.A. degree at the University of South Africa viacorrespondence, after which he began law studies at the University ofWitwatersrand. 3
  • 4. Political Activity• Mandela begin actively participate in politicsfrom 1952.• He led prominently in the ANCs(Afrikaner-dominated National Party)1952 Defiance Campaign.• In 1955,he led ”Congress of the People”, whoseadoption of the Freedom Charter provided thefundamental basis of the anti-apartheid cause.• Mandela and 150 others were arrested on 5December 1956 and charged with treason.• Mandela starts a law firm & provide free or low-cost help to many black people.4
  • 5. Anti-aparthied Activities• In 1961, Mandela became leader of the ANCsarmed wing, Umkhonto WeSizwe (translated Spear of the Nation, and alsoabbreviated MK), which he co-founded.• He coordinated sabotage campaignsagainst military and government targets.• Mandela also raised funds for MK abroad andarranged for paramilitary training of the group.• Later, mostly in the 1980s, MK waged aguerrilla war against the apartheid regime inwhich many civilians became casualties.• Mandela later admitted that the ANC, in itsstruggle against apartheid, also violated humanrights and stop these activities.5
  • 6. Arrest & Rivonia trial6• On 5 August 1962 Mandela was arrested after living on the run for seventeenmonths, and was imprisoned in the Johannesburg Fort.• On 25 October 1962, Mandela was sentenced to five years in prison.• Police arrested prominent ANC leaders on 11 July 1963, at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia,north of Johannesburg.• Charged by the chief prosecutor Dr. Percy Yutar with the capital crimes of sabotage(which Mandela admitted) and crimes which were equivalent to treason.• The Republic of South Africa and the declaration of a state of emergency along withthe banning of the ANC.• Mandela went on to explain :“During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to the struggle of the African people. I havefought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherishedthe ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony andwith equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be,it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
  • 7. Imprisonment• Nelson Mandela was imprisoned on Robben Island where he remained for the nexteighteen of his twenty-seven years in prison.• While in jail, his reputation grew and he became widely known as the mostsignificant black leader in South Africa.• Prisoners were segregated by race ,to blacks they only allow one visitor and oneletter every six months.• In prison Mandela undertook study with the University of London by correspondencethrough its External Programme and received the degree of Bachelor of Laws.7Robben Island’s Prison
  • 8. Imprisonment (cont.)• Nominated for the position of Chancellor of the University of London in the 1981election, but lost to Princess Anne.• In March 1982 Mandela was transferred from Robben Island to Pollsmoor Prison,along with other senior ANC leader.• The first meeting between Mandela and the National Party government came inNovember 1985 when Kobie Coetsee met Mandela in Volks Hospital in CapeTown where Mandela was recovering from prostate surgery.8• Throughout Mandelas imprisonment,local and international pressure mounted onthe South African government to releasehim, under the resounding slogan FreeNelson Mandela!• De Klerk announced Mandelas release inFebruary 1990.
  • 9. South Africas president FW de Klerk poses withNelson Mandela in Cape Towns governmentresidence on February 9 1990.Release• On 2 February 1990, State President F.W. deKlerk reversed the ban on the ANC and otheranti-apartheid organizations, and announcedthat Mandela would shortly be released fromprison.• Mandela was released from Victor VersterPrison in Paarl on 11 February 1990.• On the day of his release, Mandela made aspeech to the nation• He declared his commitment to peace andreconciliation with the countrys whiteminority.• He also said his main focus was to bringpeace to the black majority and give themthe right to vote in both national and localelections. 9
  • 10. Negotiations• In 1990,Mandela elected asPresident of the organization.• Mandelas leadership through thenegotiations, as well as hisrelationship with President F.W. deKlerk, was recognized when theywere jointly awarded the NobelPeace Prize in 1993.• The assassination of ANCleader Chris Hani in April 1993.• While some riots did follow theassassination, the negotiators werecomes into action, and soon agreedthat democratic elections shouldtake place on 27 April 1994, justover a year after Hanisassassination. 10
  • 11. Presidency of South Africa• South Africas first multi-racialelections were held on 27 April 1994.• ANC won 62% of the votes in theelection, and Mandela, as leader of theANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994as the countrys first black President.• Mandela ordered troops into Lesotho inSeptember 1998 to protect thegovernment of Prime Minister PakalithaMosisili.• One of Mandelas trademarks was hisuse of Batik shirts, known as "Madibashirts", even on formal occasions.[11
  • 12. Reconciliation of Black & White• Mandela encouraged black South Africans to get behind the previouslyhated Springboks (the South African national rugby team) as South Africa hostedthe 1995 Rugby World Cup.• After the Springboks won an epic final over New Zealand, Mandela presented thetrophy to captain Francois Pienaar, an Afrikaner.• This was a major step in the reconciliation of white and black South Africans.12
  • 13. From the Gallery13Nelson Mandela poses with MichaelJackson before cutting a birthday cake forhis 78th birthday July 19 1996.Facing the worldNelson Mandela poses for photographersin Cape Town following his first pressconference on February 12 1990, a dayafter his release from jail.
  • 14. From the Gallery14United Nations secretary general Kofi Annanmeets former president Nelson Mandela inJohannesburg on March 15, 2006 during hisfirst visit to South Africa.Nelson Mandela casts his vote at the TransvaalAutomobile Club, Houghton, Johannesburg asSouth Africas third democratic election get offto a smooth start on April 14 2004.
  • 15. From the Gallery15British Prime Minister Tony Blair and his SouthAfrican counterpart Nelson Mandela chat on thegrounds of the Royal and Ancient St AndrewsGolf Course on October 26 1997Laila Ali shares a joke with Nelson Mandelaat the Nelson Mandela Foundation inJohannesburg on January 30 2007.Ali was is in South Africa to defend her lightheavyweight world title
  • 16. Marriage and Family• His First Marriage: Evelyn Ntoko Mase• The couple broke up in 1957 after 13 years.• Evelyn Mase died in 2004.• Couple had two sons & two daughters.1. Two Sons: Madiba Thembekile (Thembi)(1946–1969) and Makgatho Mandela (1950–2005) , and2. Two daughters, both named MakaziweMandela (known as Maki; born 1947 and 1953).16Mandela has been married three times, has fathered sixchildren, has twenty grandchildren.
  • 17. Marriage and Family• His Second Marriage: Winnie Madikizela-Mandela.• She was the citys first black social worker.• The couple had two children:• Two daughters, Zenani (Zeni), born 4 February1958, and Zindziswa (Zindzi) Mandela-Hlongwane, born 1960.17• His Third Marriage• Mandela was remarried, on his 80thbirthday in 1998.• Named: Graça Machel née Simbine,widow of Samora Machel, theformer Mozambican president.
  • 18. Retirement• He decided not to stand for a second termand retired in 1999.• He joins & started many social and humanrights organizations:1. Make Poverty History movement.2. South Africas most successful charitablesports gathering:”The Nelson MandelaInvitational charity golf tournament”3. Mandela is a vocal supporter of SOSChildrens Villages, the worlds largestorganization dedicated to raisingorphaned and abandoned children.18
  • 19. Mandela’s Health• In July 2001, Mandela was diagnosed andtreated for prostate cancer.• In June 2004, at age 85, Mandelaannounced that he would be retiring frompublic life. His health had been declining,and he wanted to enjoy more time with hisfamily.• Mandelas 90th birthday was markedacross the country on 18 July 2008, withthe main celebrations held at his hometown of Qunu.[• In a speech to mark his birthday, Mandelacalled for the rich people to help poorpeople across the world.19• In 2003 Mandelas death was incorrectly announced by CNN, due to a faultin password protection.
  • 20. AIDS Engagement• One of Mandelas primary commitmentshas been to the fight against AIDS.• He gave the closing address at the XIIIInternational AIDS Conference in 2000, inDurban.• In 2003, he had already lent his support tothe 46664 AIDS fundraising campaign,named after his prison number.• In July 2004, he flew to Bangkok to speakat the XV International AIDS Conference.• His son, Makgatho Mandela, died of AIDSon 6 January 2005.20“AIDS is no longer just a disease, it’s a Human Right issue”-Nelson Mandela
  • 21. Iraq Invasion Views• In 2002 and 2003, Mandela criticised theforeign policy of the administration of U.S.president George W. Bush in a number ofspeeches.• Criticising the lack of UN involvement inthe decision to begin the War in Iraq.• He urged the people of the U.S. to joinmassive protests against Bush and called onworld leaders to oppose him.• He attacked the United States for its recordon human rights and for dropping atomicbombs on Japan during World War II.21
  • 22. Zimbabwe & Robert Mugabe• Criticised internationally for the1980s fighting which killed about 3000people as well as corruption, incompetentadministration, politicaloppression(cruelty) and favoritism that hasultimately led to the economic collapse ofthe country.• Mandela criticised Mugabe in 2000.• In June 2008, at the height of the crisisover the Zimbabwean presidential election,Mandela condemned the "tragic failure ofleadership" in Zimbabwe.[22• Robert Mugabe, the president of Zimbabwe who has led the country sinceindependence in 1980.
  • 23. Awards & Honours• The Presidential Medal ofFreedom from George W. Bush in1993.• In 2001, he was the first living personto be made an honorary Canadiancitizen.• In 1990, he received the BharatRatna Award from the government ofIndia• And also received the last ever LeninPeace Prize from Russia.23• Mandela has received more than two hundred and fifty awards over fourdecades, most notably the Nobel Peace Prize.• The Order of Merit and the Order of St. John from Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 24. Musical Tributes• Many artists have dedicated songs toMandela.• The most popular was from the TheSpecials who recorded the song "Free NelsonMandela" in 1983.• A summary of Mandelas life story is featuredin the 2006 music video "If Everyone Cared"by Nickelback.• Raffis song "Turn This World Around" isbased on a speech given by Mandela wherehe explained the world needs to be "turnedaround, for the children".• A tribute concert for Mandelas 90th birthdaytook place in Hyde Park, London on 27 June2008. 24
  • 25. From the Gallery25Former US president Bill Clinton and NelsonMandela attend the third Nelson Mandela AnnualLecture on July 19 2005 in Johannesburg.Nelson Mandela throws a rose on to the coffinof his son Makgatho on January 15 2005.Mandela said his son had died of HIV/Aids.
  • 26. From the Gallery26Nelson Mandela receives a BarcelonaFootball Club jersey from club managerAlbert Perrin at the Mandela Foundation inHoughton on June 20 2007Nelson Mandela receives an Englandteam jersey with "Mandela" on the backfrom team captain David Beckham onMay 21 2003.
  • 27. From the Gallery27Nelson Mandela attends the launch of his newbook Mandela: The Authorised Portrait inJohannesburg on October 9 2006. Nelson Mandela, wearing a New York Yankeecap and jacket, takes an unannounced rush hourstroll in northwest Washington, June 26, 1990.
  • 28. Published Biography• Mandelas autobiography, ”Long Walk toFreedom”, was published in 1994 by LittleBrown & Co.• Mandela had begun work on it secretlywhile in prison.• In that book Mandela did not revealanything about the alleged complicityof F.W. de Klerk in the violence of theeighties and nineties• Journalist Anthony Sampson whoissued ”Mandela: The AuthorisedBiography”.• James Gregory was the author of fraudulentbook, ”Goodbye Bafana”, and Mandela saidhe shows my life in a wrong manner. 28
  • 29. Cinema & television• The film Mandela and De Klerk told the story of Mandelas release from prison.• Its world premiere shown at the Berlin film festival on 11 February 2007.• The film, entitled Invictus,was directed by Clint Eastwood, and featured Freemanas Nelson Mandela and Matt Damon as Pienaar.• In a forthcoming BBC television one-off drama Mrs Mandela, Nelson Mandela willbe portrayed by David Harewood and Sophie Okonedo will play his formerwife Winnie Mandela.29
  • 30. Statues & Civic tributes30On 31 March 2004, Sandton Squarein Johannesburg was renamed Nelson MandelaSquareOn 30 April 2001, Nelson MandelaGardens in MilleniumSquare, Leeds was officially opened
  • 31. Statues & Civic tributes31On 29 August 2007, a statue of Nelson Mandelawas unveiled at Parliament Square in London.On 27 August 2008, a statue of Nelson Mandelawas unveiled at Groot Drakenstein CorrectionalCentre between Paarl and Franshhoek on the R301road, near Cape Town.
  • 32. Statues & Civic tributes32Mandela Parkway,in Oakland, CaliforniaEngland there is a Nelson Mandela Park with theslogan "South Africa belongs to all those who livethere, Black and White". It is opposite LeicesterTigers ground Welford Road.
  • 33. Postage Stamps & Coins33
  • 34. 34Political officesPreceded byFrederik Willem de Klerkas State President ofSouth Africa.President of South Africa1994–1999Succeeded byThabo MbekiDiplomatic postsPreceded byAndrés Pastrana ArangoSecretary General ofNon-Aligned Movement1998–1999Succeeded byThabo Mbeki