WEEE Roundtable Fleishman-Hillard 2009 July14

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Base presentation from European Commission on WEEE Directive revision at Fleishman-Hillard Roundtable.

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WEEE Roundtable Fleishman-Hillard 2009 July14

  1. 1. Recast of the Directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) Roundtable Brussels, 14 July 2009 Thorsten Brunzema European Commission – DG Environment
  2. 2. Background on WEEE 2
  3. 3. WHY A WEEE DIRECTIVE ? Fastest growing waste stream Use of hazardous materials Before the WEEE Directive, 90% was landfilled, incinerated or recovered without pre-treatment RoHS and WEEE Directives created to solve this situation 3
  4. 4. WEEE FACTS AND FIGURES Yearly 10.3 million tonnes of electrical and electronic equipment are placed on the market in the EU-27 WEEE generation: up to 9 mn tonnes per year Forecast: 12.3 million tonnes of WEEE by 2020 4
  5. 5. THE PRESENT WEEE DIRECTIVE Collection of waste (collection target: 4kg/ person yearly) Collected waste should go under specific treatment – requirements in the Directive ex: printed circuit board to be removed from mobile phones Reuse/recycling and recovery targets for WEEE ex: for IT and telecommunications equipment : substance reuse/recycling target is 65%, recovery target is 75%. Producer responsibility – financing the waste management Situation changed since WEEE and RoHS - but still not optimal 5
  6. 6. Recast of the WEEE Directive 6
  7. 7. OBJECTIVES OF THE RECAST Reduced impacts on the environment from the collection, treatment and recovery of WEEE at the levels where the greatest net benefit to society results Reduced administrative costs through the removal of all unnecessary administrative burdens, without lowering the level of environmental protection Improved effectiveness and implementation of the Directive through increased compliance and reduced free-riding 7
  8. 8. INDEX Reduce impacts on the environment Reduce administrative costs without lowering the level of environmental protection Improved effectiveness and implementation 8
  9. 9. LEAKAGE OF WEEE IS A PROBLEM TODAY 54% possibly to unauthorised treatment and / or illegal export 33% Collection Household facility/retailer/ Proper 2nd hand shop treatment- 13% recycling- recovery Landfills
  10. 10. 4 KG COLLECTION TARGET PER CAPITA IMPLIES VERY DIFFERENT AMBITIONS FOR DIFFERENT MS Definition of the target needs to be adjusted to WEEE arising in each MS 10
  11. 11. WEEE ARISING APPEARS TO STATISTICALLY BE ~80% OF EEE PLACED ON THE MARKET IN EU15 Estimated WEEE arising as % of EEE placed on the market (Data Source: UNU study table 35, table 40 method 2) Estimates of WEEE arising vary greatly (~14-24 kg/capita in EU15, ~6-12 in EU12) 300% For EU15, weight placed on the market, 2 50 % reported by MS registers, seems the most stable indicator for WEEE arising 200% For EU12, relation between EEE placed on the market and WEEE arising expected to 150 % stabilise in the coming years. Necessary flexibility: 10 0 % 80% - Applicable starting 2016 50 % - Transitional arrangement 0% - Re-examination by 2012 ES FI UK FR EE HU SK LT SV EU15 samples EU12 samples Common method to calculate EEE placed on MS market to be established 11
  12. 12. STRONG INDICATIONS THAT SEPARATE COLLECTION IS ALREADY CLOSE TO ~85% OF WEEE ARISING (1)... EEE placed on the market by WEEE category Where there is economic value in WEEE, (Data source: UNU study table 36) there often is informal collection Categories (CAT) 100% EU15 example (Study Witteveen & Bos): 10 Aut. dispensers CAT 1: 9 Monit. & control 12% 24% collected and reported 80% 8 Medical devices 76% collected but not reported 12% 7 Toys, leisure, sports CAT 2 + 4: 60% 9% 6 El. tools 34% collected and reported 43% collected but not reported 5 Lighting equipment 40% CAT 3: 4 Consumer electronics, TVs 56% 46% collected and reported 3 IT and telecom equipment 42% collected but not reported 20% 2 Small hh appliances Indicative calculation: 1 Large hh appliances 56% x 100% + 21% x 77% + 12% x 88% 0% = 83% collected in 4 categories ...reporting, and correctly treating, all separately collected WEEE is the issue 12
  13. 13. STRONG INDICATIONS THAT SEPARATE COLLECTION IS ALREADY CLOSE TO ~85% OF WEEE ARISING (2)... WEEE collected as share of arisising, EU15 example (Data source: Study Witteveen & Bos) Collective take 5.7 kg back scheme (31%) Disposed through 2.5 kg scrap dealers (14%) 89% Brought to 3.6 kg scrap dealers (19%) Other collection, 4.7 kg mainly in shops (25%) 2.0 kg Waste bin (11%) ...reporting, and correctly treating, all separately collected WEEE is the issue 13
  14. 14. PROPOSED COLLECTION TARGET OF 65% CALCULATED ON THE BASIS OF THE STEPS EXPLAINED 100% 80% 65% of EEE placed 80% on the 85% market EEE placed on WEEE arising Collection the market target 14
  15. 15. INDEX Reduce impacts on the environment Reduce administrative costs without lowering the level of environmental protection Improved effectiveness and implementation 15
  16. 16. PRESENT WEEE IMPLEMENTATION OFTEN REQUIRES MULTIPLE REGISTRATION AND EVEN PAYMENT Flow of EEE in the EU market Flow of data MS A MS B MS C MS A MS B MS C Producer sells Registration Registration 1st time in EU as producer as producer on MS market on MS market Trader re-sells Trader re-sells Payment Payment Trader re-sells Registration Trader re-sells as importer on MS market Disposal Disposal Payment Collection Collection Compliance Compliance Compliance Treatment Treatment scheme scheme scheme 16
  17. 17. FRAGMENTED WEEE IMPLEMENTATION LEADS TO A NUMBER OF POTENTIAL PROBLEMS Flow of data MS A MS B MS C Multiple registration Registration Registration Multiple fee as producer as producer Multiple legal seat on MS market on MS market Legal uncertainty Payment Payment 27 registers can differ: -reporting formats -reporting frequency Registration -product categories as importer on MS market Risk of non-cooperation Lack of cooperation Payment between compliance between compliance schemes – potential schemes – potential orphan waste orphan waste Compliance Compliance Compliance scheme scheme scheme 17
  18. 18. COMMISSION PROPOSAL TACKLES THIS PROBLEM FROM TWO SIDES Explicit reference to „community market“ in producer and market definitions One registration for the community market One fee in the community market One legal seat in the EU Requirement for inter-operable registers All information relevant across the community market entered into one register Intra-community transfer of information, incl. for the transfer of money Format and frequency of reporting to be established through Comitology 18
  19. 19. INDEX Reduce impacts on the environment Reduce administrative costs without lowering the level of environmental protection Improved effectiveness and implementation 19
  20. 20. IMPROVE EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DIRECTIVE Clarified scope definition Scope refers to RoHS (Art. 95); Exclusions clarified; Waste from private households vs. other Alignment with other Community legislation Waste Framework Directive; Marketing of Products Package Modification of recovery targets Recovery targets increased; Preparation for re-use included Encouragement for greater producer responsibility Producers role in collection targets and financing Avoid leakage of WEEE, especially to sub-treatment countries Binding inspection and monitoring requirements for shipments 20
  21. 21. OBJECTIVES OF THE RECAST Reduced impacts on the environment from the collection, treatment and recovery of WEEE at the levels where the greatest net benefit to society results Reduced administrative costs through the removal of all unnecessary administrative burdens, without lowering the level of environmental protection Improved effectiveness and implementation of the Directive through increased compliance and reduced free-riding Thank you for your attention. 21

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