Red Hat Summit Jean Staten Healy And Bob Sutor


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How Linux is the core of smarter systems from embedded devices to supercomputers and everything in between.

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  • Global financial crisis is changing business priorities – and the IT that supports them New incentives to reduce cost Most IT departments operate as cost centers, and are under more stringent cost controls IT organizations are increasingly accountable for faster time-to-value Financial crisis putting new lens on TCO claims IT departments (and vendors) being challenged to provide real TCO substantiations – with consequences Reducing IT's overall TCO can make or break corporate budgets The business landscape is evolving, and IT must evolve with it Increased M&A activity in a tight economy requires rapid integration IT departments must be able to sustain large organization shifts and massive, rapid integration projects Wise infrastructure choices that drive simplicity provide much-needed economies of scale Government IT priorities are increasingly aligned with those of business Major stimulus packages include both funding for IT infrastructure – and increased scrutiny Cost reduction and simplification continue to resound in the public sector Technology has enabled solutions that weren't feasible in the last downturn Bandwidth has evolved, providing greater capacity and reliability at much lower costs Consolidating datacenters, virtualizing servers and desktops are not only viable, but economically wise Finally, if anything has become more clear over the past 10 years, it’s that open communities are a major catalyst for innovation. Linux continues to grow A new version of the kernel comes out every 2-3 months. Last August, it was noted that on average, code changes are accepted into the kernel every 10 minutes, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.
  • What all of this means is that the digital and physical infrastructures of the world are converging. Computational power is being put into things we wouldn't recognize as computers. Indeed, almost anything—any person, any object, any process or any service, for any organization, large or small—can become digitally aware and networked. With so much technology and networking abundantly available at such low cost: What wouldn't you put smart technology into? What service wouldn't you provide a customer, citizen, student or patient? What wouldn't you connect? What information wouldn't you mine for insight? A smarter planet is possible because - Our world is becoming instrumented Our world is becoming interconnected . Virtually all things, processes, and ways of working are becoming intelligent . Let me explain each to you in a bit more detail… (NEXT SLIDE)
  • INSTRUMENTED We now have the ability to measure, sense and see the exact condition of everything. Today, there are 1 billion transistors for each person on the planet. 1 By 2010, 30 billion RFID tags will be embedded into our world and across entire ecosystems. 1 Everything will become instrumented: supply chains, healthcare networks, cities and even natural systems like rivers. Linux adds flexibility and reduces cost in instrumented systems: Broadly available Linux skills reduce cost of development Open code enables flexibility to adapt for special-purpose use
  • Malta is known for having exactly two seasons: Hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. In addition, they are one of Europe’s smallest and most densely populated countries. This makes Malta an excellent case study for, “How do you manage a limited resource (water and electricity), in a very densely populated area (833 power meters per square kilometer of landmass) that must be generated locally (it’s an island), using fossil fuels (that have to come from the mainland), in a climate that isn’t conducive to producing potable water on a regular basis?” Malta is converting 100% of their power and water meters to grid-enabled smart meters. This will enable: Actual use: estimated accounts will be eliminated and customers will pay only for what they actually use. Flexible tariffs: utility companies will be able to manage different prices to sustain new policies on energy consumption. Pre-payment: the solution allows customers to switch to a pre-pay service, similar to mobile phone pre-payment. Reduction of losses: commercial losses will be reduced and technical losses will be more easily identified through monitoring of electricity and water grids. Remote management of electricity supply: no local intervention to activate, reduce, increase or terminate supply, thereby reducing connection time. Energy efficiency: the system will enable sophisticated analysis of consumption patterns enabling a real-time view of energy use to identify opportunities for reduction. Customer portal: customers will have an Internet window to their technical and commercial data, to track current consumption and choose the most appropriate agreements. Malta may be small in terms of size, but their problem is not unique. As metropolitan areas continue to grow, they will increasingly find their challenges echoing those of Malta.
  • INTERCONNECTED People, systems and objects can communicate and interact with each other in entirely new ways. The internet of people is 1 billion strong. Almost one third of the world’s population will be on the web by 2011. 1 There will be nearly 4 billion mobile phone subscribers worldwide by the end of 2008. 1 The Internet of things – cars, appliances, cameras, roadways, pipeline, pharmaceuticals and even livestock – is headed to 1 trillion. Linux adds flexibility and reduces cost in interconnected systems: The lower-cost model of Linux is well-suited to broadly distributed networks
  • Sao Paulo, Brazil, is the seventh largest city in the world and the fifth most polluted. With six million vehicles responsible for 70 percent of Sao Paulo’s pollution, environmental specialists and healthcare authorities pushed for the implementation of vehicle inspection in the city to improve the health and well-being of its population. Controlar was created to inspect all vehicles registered in Sao Paulo. In 2008, all trucks and diesel cars were required to be inspected and, in 2009, the requirement was initiated for all cars and motorcycles. Technology from TUV NORD, a German company recognized as a leader in vehicle inspections, was chosen for the core system. All Inspections are booked by the vehicle owners through Controlar’s secure, encrypted Web site. After paying the appropriate tax, the owner can then choose the most convenient date, time and location for the inspection. The system connects the vehicle’s owner, Controlar, Sao Paulo Town Hall and Detran, Brazil’s National Traffic Department. Controlar needed a robust, dynamic, secure infrastructure to support the Oracle enterprise resource planning (ERP) solution that would operate and manage the process. Controlar also needed to ensure that the infrastructure would be able to scale to meets its future growth needs. As the basis of the system, IBM implemented three IBM Power 550 Express platforms in a cluster and one as a remote server. Two IBM System x3200 servers were installed at each vehicle inspection center. The systems run IBM AIX and Linux Red Hat operating systems and are used to support Oracle Real Application Clusters, Oracle Application Environment, Oracle databases and IBM Tivoli Storage Manager software. IBM System Storage DS4300 and IBM System Storage DS4700 backup systems, together with an IBM System Storage 3200 Tape Library, were implemented for storage and high-performance tape backup of the critical data. IBM Director software was deployed for systems management. The IBM infrastructure provides the secure, dynamic backbone that supports the entire inspection system. This comprehensive project offers citizens of Sao Paulo a way in which to connect with Sao Paulo Town Hall and Detran to determine when they need to have their cars inspected; the deadline for the inspection based on the vehicle’s age, fuel type and registration number; the required information on the tax to be paid; the deadline for the inspection; and at which banks the tax can be paid. Owners can print a receipt to pay the tax and can book the inspections by choosing the date, time and branch for the service. The result is that Sao Paulo now has fewer polluting vehicles on its streets because cars not approved during inspection are forbidden to operate until they meet environmental requirements. Air pollution has been reduced, and the quality of life in Sao Paulo has been improved. Drivers are now better informed regarding their cars’ pollution limits. The citizens of Sao Paulo are pleased with the reduction in excessive pollutant. Controlar has hired independent consultants to develop studies to measure the improvement in the quality of air and the real benefits the city will experience with the implementation of the program. The final reports are expected to be complete and published in 2010.
  • INTELLIGENT We can respond to changes quickly and accurately, and get better results by predicting and optimizing for future events. Every day, 15 petabytes of new information are being generated. This is 8x more than the information in all U.S. libraries. 1 An average company with 1,000 employees spends $5.3 million a year to find information stored on its servers. 1 New computing models manage the massive amounts of data generated by the proliferation of end-user devices, sensors, and actuators. Combined with advanced analytics, these technologies are making us smarter. Linux adds flexibility and reduces cost in intelligent systems: True cross-platform support enables better workload optimization TCO of Linux enables more intelligent systems that cost less
  • UNC Healthcare In the world of healthcare, data has always been of great importance. Today, it is more essential and voluminous than ever – patient health histories have expanded to include encyclopedic lab results, radiological imagery and a host of other data. Compounding the challenge of managing all this data is an increasingly complex funding, insurance and regulatory landscape. UNC Health Care System had been facing information management challenges in the form of a vast array of data repositories and demands. The organization needed to create a consolidated view of patient information that could better serve the diverse needs of varied user groups. UNC and IBM created a robust, closely-governed data warehouse solution that unifies multiple data stores, making it possible to quickly and easily access data and transform it into useful information. To leverage existing in-house IT skills and provide the highest capacity, the warehouse runs on the flagship IBM System z10 platform running the Linux operating system and utilizes IBM DB2 for z/OS data server technology. The initial deployment also uses IBM InfoSphere DataStage software to populate the warehouse. Going forward, the organization plans to develop a hybrid environment that moves some of the data to an IBM DB2 for Linux, UNIX and Windows technology environment for analytics. The new UNCH Data Warehouse runs on mainframe (zOS) DB2. In addition the Portal surfaces information retrieved from a variety of other data sources via IBM Federation Server. Integrating seamlessly with UNC Health Care System’s existing analysis tools, the InfoSphere platform enables sophisticated data analytics to be delivered in real time – a new capability that enables true health informatics for the entire UNC Health Care System. Web-enabled access is provided via IBM WebSphere Portal Server version 6.0.1 and IBM WebSphere Application Server software, with functionality built using IBM WebSphere Portlet Factory software. The Portal initial user base is composed of medical researchers and administrators. It provides a window into a large, and continuously growing, Data Warehouse for these users. Business Objects provides BI functionality through the portal. Role-based distinctions offer different views and/or functionality for researchers and administrators. The IBM solution allows UNC Health Care System researchers, clinicians and administrators to combine data in new ways, helping them understand complex, interrelated issues far more easily. It helps the organization rein in rising costs and become more sustainable by promoting efficiency and improving compliance with “pay for performance” insurance policies that tie reimbursement directly to patient health. With the ability to run multiple operating systems, the IBM System z10 platform enables UNC Health Care System to optimize performance and utilization by shifting tasks to other environments. In addition to these benefits, the new IBM solution: - Delivers complex search results spanning multiple information repositories in minutes instead of the weeks or even months previously required for manual searches - Provides a single view of data across the organization - Breaks down information silos to enable new lines of inquiry - Enables governance of user groups, storage and access to optimize user benefits and return on investment (ROI) - Establishes procedures to disseminate information throughout the organization.
  • IBM and Dubuque outlined their plans to partner in the development of new "smarter" technologies and implementation strategies to create an international model of sustainability for communities of 200,000 and under, where over 40 percent of the U.S. population resides. According to surveys, 30 percent of households have water leaks (leaky faucet, toilet, etc.). The new system will allow consumers and the City Water Department to identify waste and promote changed behavior which will translate into better water utilization and energy savings. The goal of this collaboration is to develop and pilot a systematic mechanism to give consumers and businesses the information they need to make informed decisions about how they consume resources like electricity, water, natural gas, and oil. The City is currently implementing a city-wide water meter replacement project, and have engaged with a local provider for a new type of device that measures very low water flows – the sort of flows that are very difficult to identify with a traditional meter and can indicate waste. Dubuque is deploying on Linux on the IBM cloud. They’re also using Cognos, DB2, InfoSphere, and WAS.
  • Astellas Pharma, Inc. is an R&D-oriented pharmaceutical company originating in Japan. Drug discovery is difficult to begin with, and has gotten progressively more difficult with a 1000% increase in the number of compounds that need to be regulated over the past 10 years. This is not a bad thing, on the contrary, it’s a very good idea. However, this also means the amount of information that needs to be generated and collected has increased greatly as well. It could also mean a large server buildout, which has implications for datacenter cost, carbon footprint, and increased operational expense. Astellas implemented a high performance cluster to support the discovery process, getting to a solution faster while still maintaining compliance with ever-stricter regulations. As a result, Astellas: Reduces calculation and drug simulation time by 90 percent, from a year down to a month Contributes to reduced carbon footprint and reduced power consumption/cooling Helps eliminate bottlenecks in drug discovery research by enabling faster screening of compounds Enables a high degree of scalability to accommodate accelerating computing demands due to more sophisticated modeling techniques and an increasing number of candidate compounds Astellas is using Linux on System x
  • Oil and gas exploration has come a long way. It used to involved speculative drilling – if you drill a hole and oil comes out, you build a well. Today, most oil and gas companies are much more sophisticated, using a combination of seismic modeling, simulation, and field data, because drilling wells is expensive. However, what happens when the models yield conflicting information? The data needs to be reconciled. IBM and Shell will be exploring advanced techniques for reconciling geophysical and reservoir engineering field data. As a result of applying improved algorithms, analytics and accelerated simulations, Shell can reduce the educated guesswork and extract natural resources with more certainty and efficiency, thereby optimizing the recovery of oil and gas. The complex process of reconciling often-differing views of oil and natural gas fields can take several months to complete and involves measurements of production volumes, flow rates and pressures. For example, geophysicists must examine time-lapse seismic data from subsurface rock formations; reservoir engineers receive well and laboratory data, and geophysicists receive information - sound waves - covering wide spaces between the wells. Shell and IBM will reformulate and automate the task of reconciling the different data and create an enhanced, yet practical, mathematical optimization solution. This can improve the cost-effectiveness of the data inversion process and, once available, will become part of Shell's proprietary reservoir modelling tool kits for application in new oil and natural gas developments as well as existing assets. What Makes it Smarter: ·The solution helps analyze vast quantities of data from oil and gas fields, reducing the educated guesswork of extracting natural resources. The insights gained will enable Shell to optimize recovery and extend the useful lives of recovery sites. ·Shell is drawing on a broad array of engineering data, ranging from time-lapse seismic data from subsurface rock formations to sound wave data from the spaces between wells. ·The solution reconciles numerous, often-differing views of oil and natural gas fields that take into account production volumes, flow rates, pressures and other measurements. Additional Smarter Planet information: • Intelligent: The solution helps analyze vast quantities of data from oil and gas fields, reducing the educated guesswork of extracting natural resources. The insights gained will enable the company to optimize recovery and extend the useful lives of recovery sites. • Instrumented: The energy company is drawing on a broad array of engineering data, ranging from time-lapse seismic data from subsurface rock formations to sound wave data from the spaces between wells. • Interconnected: The solution reconciles numerous, often-differing views of oil and natural gas fields that take into account production volumes, flow rates, pressures and other measurements.
  • Researchers at KTH Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden are using IBM’s streaming analytics technology, to gather real-time information from the Global Positioning System (GPS) devices on nearly 1500 taxi cabs in the city and will soon expand to gather data from delivery trucks, traffic sensors, transit systems, pollution monitors and weather information. The data is processed using IBM’s breakthrough streaming analytics software, InfoSphere Streams, giving the city and residents real-time information on traffic flow, travel times and the best commuting options. For example, a resident could send a text message listing their location and desired destination. The technology would instantly process the real-time traffic, rail and weather information and provide anticipated travel times via car and public transportation, giving people an accurate and instant view of the fastest way to get to their destination. For the past year, IBM has worked with the city of Stockholm to monitor traffic flow during peak hours. The congestion management system has reduced traffic in the Swedish capital by 20 percent, reduced average travel times by almost 50 percent, decreased the amount of emissions by 10 percent and the proportion of green, tax-exempt vehicles has risen to 9 percent. The solution is Red Hat on BladeCenter, Infosphere Streams
  • Based on IBM research, 41 percent of data center managers claim their data centers will max out their energy capacity within one to two years. And according to IBM estimates, processor power for x86-based systems doubles every 18 months, but 85–90 percent of this power sits idle. “ According to recent analyst reports, enterprise data growth over the next five years is estimated at 650 percent. Eighty percent of this data will be unstructured generated from a variety of sources such as blogs, web content, email, etc. In fact, seventy percent of this unstructured data is stale after ninety days.” [Source: IBM, “IBM Announces Smart Analytics and Transactional Systems to Draw Key Insights from Vast Amounts of Data,” news release, April 7, 2010,] Segue: What will it take to address these challenges moving forward?
  • U tility Meter Transaction Background We‘re working with Utility companies worldwide; one of our partners is eMeter that develops applications for managing smart meters. Chart shows just the explosive growth expected in the number of transactions as today’s analog meters are replaced with smart meters. Consider a utility in California with roughly 10 million gas and electric meters, reads them once a month (120M transactions a year …). And looks at them as a group once. But if they could read these same 10M meters once a day – which is what they’re shooting for now – that’s 3.65B transactions a year -- generating more than 1 petabyte of data (equivalent to more than 500 billion pages of text) The goal: read meters every 15 minutes (or 96 times a day). It’s 960M transactions a day, 29B a month and nearly 350B a year. Now that's just one utility. We’re working toward benchmarks of 50M meters. Read every 15 minutes, and the transactions? 4.8B a day, 1.75T a year. As the planet becomes smarter – like you see here with the explosive growth of smart meters -- the number of transactions will continue to increase driving the need for more real time analytics and prediction requirements. Because transformation isn’t just being able to read meters every 15 minutes. The real breakthrough is being able to act on the data in real time; that’s the transformational capability. We now have the processing power and advanced analytics to make sense of it all. All of this to illustrate that smarter planet increases the scale and complexity of workloads.
  • Two key drivers – flexibility and cost – have resulted in Linux solutions expanding in just about every direction they can go. Many industry watchers have observed that Linux very clearly crossed the business-critical tipping point a few years ago. Let’s talk about how it got there, and where it’s going. Edge and Web infrastructure Time in which IBM made our first public commitment to Linux Much of the early development effort was to help Linux get established within the commercial IT ecosystem Over the next 5-7 years, Linux rapidly and consistently moved towards the core of the data center. In the mid 2000s, it gained traction quickly for more critical workloads. Lot of adoption as a UNIX alternative, particularly Solaris. Linux established dominance in high performance computing – 90% of the top 500 supercomputers in the world are Linux, and all of IBM's systems in the top 10 are all running Linux. In the late 2000s, we saw extensive adoption for core datacenter usage. Major banks – Bank of Russia, Bank of New Zealand – depend upon Linux on the mainframe for their core business operations. The US Navy uses real-time Linux on IBM Bladecenter for the weapons control systems of the Zumwalt-class destroyer. Growth of Linux in HPC has translated into adoption for HPC-like business solutions as well – many of our customers are running business intelligence and analytics solutions on Linux, like SAP and Cognos. TNow that Linux is broadly accepted throughout the datacenter for all manner of workloads, we can leverage the constant stream of innovation to solve a broad range of interesting business and IT problems. There are a number of interesting characteristics that we are seeing and expect to see: Linux adoption accelerated greatly following the downturn, as Unix to Linux migration plans that were put on hold due to budget constraints are resumed. Full support across all IBM Systems means that you can leverage economies of scale in OS skills, but choose the platform that best suits your workload. As cloud adoption accelerates, we'll see greater expectations for utility billing models, which is quite compatible in a traditional IT environment with the subscription-based Linux deployment model. Full support for all of IBM's supported virtualization environments across our Systems portfolio and features like dynamic memory resizing enables clients to adjust the resources available to Linux environments, and an awareness of platform events if a component is failing helps drive additional uptime. Because Linux is the OS of the cloud, and Linux skills are very prevalent, we anticipate increasing deployments of Linux in the cloud, driven by the needs of the developer, rather than what's sitting in the datacenter. Typical applications Linux is being used for today: Linux is clearly well suited to virtualization, with full support across all IBM Systems. Thanks to extensive skills and application availability, it's also the OS of the cloud. Strong roots in and an ongoing focus on high performance means that analytics and BI are natural fits for Linux. It's been broadly publicized that Linux is used extensively for embedded applications. The tendency is to think cell phones, flat panel TVs, and sensors, but this extends to appliances and any scenario where Linux is under the covers, but you don't know that it's even there – it just works. Of course, Linux continues to be deployed for core critical workloads, for myriad reasons, cost and strategic direction being two of the main ones. Finally, the extensibility of Linux means that it's quite well suited for workloads that have never been done before, for which no precedent exists. Examples of this tend to be most prevalent in scalability – for example, scale out NAS, and extreme HPC. Roadrunner has almost 13,000 Cell processors, and over 6,000 Opterons – yet still manages to be the 4th most efficient supercomputer on the green500 list.
  • For IBM Systems: Tier 1 Linux support for all IBM Systems Cross platform support means you can match workload needs to platform capabilities OS management skills are common across platforms: Linux is Linux is Linux Increased flexibility to choose what works best for your needs Petabyte-scale storage solutions like SoNAS from Systems Software are built on Linux For IBM Systems Software: Manage complex environments, including Linux on any IBM platform Enhance the simplification with a common OS regardless of platform For IBM Software: Enterprise-ready middleware on Linux IBM Software is the same regardless of what OS it’s running upon IBM Services, Support, and Financing: Implementation Support services for Linux Subscriptions for Red Hat and Novell Global Financing for Linux projects Linux provides common benefits across all IBM platforms: Security Policy-based security Common criteria certification Very rapid time to fix if vulnerabilities are discovered Supported platforms Wristwatches to mainframes Broadest range of supported virtualization environments Cross-platform support makes it easier to optimize by workload Scalability Ongoing innovation in both scale out and scale up Platform support provides flexibility in consolidation Skills Linux skills are very widespread and growing OS management skills are applicable across platforms
  • So to sum it all up, we've talked about the role that Linux plays in building a smarter planet. We've talked about why Linux continues to be a smart choice for reducing cost and improving flexibility, and why IBM is unique in being able to offer top-to-bottom, end-to-end solutions with Linux. Finally, we've talked about four key areas of opportunity for Linux in 2010, and the ability of Linux to support the business-critical nature of these workloads. The most important thing to take away from this, though, is that IBM really is a leader because of the breadth and depth of solutions we can provide with Linux. No other systems vendor is as active in Linux development, or has the choice of supported hardware that we do. No other software provider has the range of enterprise-grade middleware products. And certainly no other services company can rely upon the combined competencies of both. It's fundamentally for these reasons that smarter solutions with Linux start with IBM.
  • Red Hat Summit Jean Staten Healy And Bob Sutor

    1. 1. Linux as a Catalyst for a Smarter Planet Jean Staten Healy Bob Sutor Director, Linux Strategy VP, Open Source and Linux IBM IBM Red Hat Summit, Boston, 2010
    2. 2. Global forces are driving a fundamentally different world The global financial crisis changed business priorities – and the IT that supports it The business landscape is evolving, and IT must evolve with it Technology has enabled solutions that weren't feasible in the last downturn Fast-developing communities drive constant technology change
    3. 3. Something meaningful is happening Our world is becoming INSTRUMENTED Our world is becoming INTERCONNECTED Virtually all things, processes and ways of working are becoming INTELLIGENT
    4. 4. The opportunity for progress is clear <ul><li>INSTRUMENTED </li></ul><ul><li>We now have the ability to measure, sense and see the exact condition of everything </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There are 1 billion transistors for each person on the planet 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Everything will become instrumented: </li></ul><ul><li>Supply chains </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare networks </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Natural systems </li></ul>1 Sam Palmisano speech, November 12, 2008
    5. 5. The opportunity for progress is clear Monitoring quality and optimizing consumption The Maltese National Electricity and Water Utilities — Enemalta Corporation (EMC) and Water Services Corporation (WSC), use Red Hat Enterprise Linux to implement a nationwide smart grid for electrical and water service 100% Analog electric meters replaced with smart devices in Malta
    6. 6. The opportunity for progress is clear <ul><li>INTERCONNECTED </li></ul><ul><li>People, systems and objects can communicate and interact with each other in entirely new ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost one third of the world will be on the web by 2011 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Internet of connected devices… </li></ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Appliances </li></ul><ul><li>Roadways </li></ul><ul><li>Pipelines </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock </li></ul><ul><li>… is headed to 1 trillion. </li></ul>1 Sam Palmisano speech, November 12, 2008
    7. 7. The opportunity for progress is clear Improving quality of air (and life) with vehicle testing As the 7 th largest city in the world and the 5 th most polluted, Sao Paulo decided to control vehicle pollution through a new distributed vehicle inspection system, enabled by a scalable, robust, and secure infrastructure built on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 70% PERCENT OF SAO PAULO’S EMISSIONS DUE TO 6,000,000 CARS
    8. 8. The opportunity for progress is clear <ul><li>INTELLIGENT </li></ul><ul><li>We can respond to changes quickly and accurately, with better results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 petabytes of new information are generated every day 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An average company with 1,000 employees spends $5.3 million a year to find information stored on its servers 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New computing models and advanced analytics use the massive amounts of generated data to become smarter </li></ul>1 Sam Palmisano speech, November 12, 2008
    9. 9. The opportunity for progress is clear Improved patient care and research through informatics A North American research hospital uses Linux to align internal processes and create a robust, closely governed data warehouse, improving quality of patient and research data, reigning in costs, and improving efficiency 2.2 Million DISPENSING ERRORS FROM HANDWRITTEN PRESCRIPTIONS 1 1 Sam Palmisano speech, November 12, 2008
    10. 10. The progress to date is inspiring… Smarter cities like Dubuque, which will be enabled by a Linux-based cloud and analytics from IBM Smarter oil and gas exploration with Shell, simulating more and speculating less Smarter medicine: Astellas Pharma reduces drug discovery with Linux clusters from System x Smarter traffic systems in Stockholm, driven by Linux In 1910, only 16 cities had 1M or more people. In 2010, the number has grown to 450. «─» In 2007, half of the human population lived in cities. In 2050, the concentration will increase to 70%.
    11. 11. The progress to date is inspiring… Smarter cities like Dubuque, which will be enabled by a Linux-based cloud and analytics from IBM Smarter medicine: Astellas Pharma reduces drug discovery with Linux clusters from System x Smarter traffic systems in Stockholm, driven by Linux In a major hospital, stents costing $25k often disappear «─» In a clinic, a patient receives repetitive tests due to out-of-date medical records «─» HealthGrades estimates 195,000 patient deaths are avoidable 1 Smarter oil and gas exploration with Shell, simulating more and speculating less
    12. 12. The progress to date is inspiring… Smarter oil and gas exploration with Shell, simulating more and speculating less Smarter medicine: Astellas Pharma reduces drug discovery with Linux clusters from System x Smarter traffic systems in Stockholm, driven by Linux Projected demand for energy is expected to increase by 50% from 2005 to 2030 «─» Only 33% of oil is pulled from existing reservoirs «─» A 1.5% improvement in oil recovery can yield 6 months of consumable oil Smarter cities like Dubuque, which will be enabled by a Linux-based cloud and analytics from IBM
    13. 13. The progress to date is inspiring… Smarter medicine: Astellas Pharma reduces drug discovery with Linux clusters from System x Smarter traffic systems in Stockholm, driven by Linux In the US, urban populations grew by 20% from ’82 – ’01 «─» Traffic grew 236% «─» Building new roads and new lanes is no longer feasible in many urban areas Smarter cities like Dubuque, which will be enabled by a Linux-based cloud and analytics from IBM Smarter oil and gas exploration with Shell, simulating more and speculating less
    14. 14. Yet the reality can seem daunting… Numerous system integrations are required to make “anything” smarter Tremendous analytic power is needed to discover “new treatments for cancer” Massive amounts of data flowing from hundreds of thousands of “smart meters” must be read multiple times per hour Staggering numbers of images must be captured, stored, managed and linked to “billing and collection systems” in real time
    15. 15. Especially in light of today’s challenges 41% of data center managers claim their data centers will max out their energy capacity within one to two years 1 80% of digital data is now unstructured 3 and requires greater effort to transform it into usable intelligence Processor power doubles every 18 months, but 85% of this power sits idle 2
    16. 16. Requirements are changing for a more instrumented, interconnected, intelligent world Meter Reads per Month Meter Reads per Day Meter Reads every 15 min. 35B Transactions / Year 0.36B 12M Due to Changing Workloads e.g. Real-time optimization of a Power Grid by reading meters every 15 minutes… Transactions per year It only takes one million customers to generate
    17. 17. Linux is at the core of the datacenter, and a smarter planet Business-Critical Workloads <ul><li>Competitive focus </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive use for DB, BI, ERP, CRM </li></ul><ul><li>Cornerstone of IT strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Steady adoption through downturn </li></ul>Application and Data Serving <ul><li>Commercial focus </li></ul><ul><li>Open elements of IT industry join community </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise Linux adoption grows </li></ul>Edge and Web Infrastructure <ul><li>Community focus </li></ul><ul><li>Internet enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Worldwide Volunteers </li></ul>Next Generation Workloads <ul><li>Leadership focus </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Workloads drive platform decision </li></ul><ul><li>Cloud / flexible allocation models </li></ul><ul><li>Fully established for business-critical use </li></ul>Linux continues to enable new ways of doing business 1991 – 2004 2005 – 2006 2007 – 2009 2010+
    18. 18. IBM provides complete Linux solutions: top-to-bottom, end-to-end WebSphere® Tivoli® Lotus® Information Management Rational® IBM System x IBM Power Systems IBM System z IBM Services, Support, and Financing IBM Systems Software IBM Systems Storage
    19. 19. Smarter solutions with Linux start with IBM Cost matters Flexibility matters <ul><li>Choice of supported hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Enterprise-grade middleware </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation and support services </li></ul>IBM provides leadership solutions with Linux, top to bottom, end to end Innovation matters © Steve Ginn Used with permission
    20. 20. Legal Trademarks and Disclaimers The following are trademarks of the International Business Machines Corporation in the United States and/or other countries: IBM, the IBM logo,, Smarter Planet and the planet icon, BladeCenter, Power, System Storage, System x , System z, WebSphere, DB2 and Tivoli are trademarks of IBM Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. For a complete list of IBM trademarks, please see The following are trademarks or registered trademarks of other companies: Java and all Java based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc., in the United States and other countries or both Microsoft, Windows,Windows NT and the Windows logo are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries or both. Linux is a trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. InfiniBand is a trademark of the InfiniBand Trade Association. Other company, product, or service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. NOTES: Linux penguin image courtesy of Larry Ewing ( [email_address] ) and The GIMP Any performance data contained in this document was determined in a controlled environment. Actual results may vary significantly and are dependent on many factors including system hardware configuration and software design and configuration. Some measurements quoted in this document may have been made on development-level systems. There is no guarantee these measurements will be the same on generally-available systems. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. IBM hardware products are manufactured from new parts, or new and serviceable used parts. Regardless, our warranty terms apply. Information is provided “AS IS” without warranty of any kind. All customer examples cited or described in this presentation are presented as illustrations of the manner in which some customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics will vary depending on individual customer configurations and conditions. This publication was produced in the United States. IBM may not offer the products, services or features discussed in this document in other countries, and the information may be subject to change without notice. Consult your local IBM business contact for information on the product or services available in your area. All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Information about non-IBM products is obtained from the manufacturers of those products or their published announcements. IBM has not tested those products and cannot confirm the performance, compatibility, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. Prices are suggested US list prices and are subject to change without notice. Starting price may not include a hard drive, operating system or other features. Contact your IBM representative or Business Partner for the most current pricing in your geography. Any proposed use of claims in this presentation outside of the United States must be reviewed by local IBM country counsel prior to such use. The information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any.