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Following the Money

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a do-it-yourself guide to mapping the influence of money in politics

a do-it-yourself guide to mapping the influence of money in politics

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  • Campaign Spending Commission website – find data in the “View Reports” section
  • Go to “Candidate Contribution and Expenditure Reports” for the most recent reports. You can also look up
  • Click on a candidate’s name
  • Hover over the “government & officials” tab, and click on the “offices & officials” link.
  • You’ll first see an overview of the public official’s profile, including current office, members of their family, birthdate, religion, and other information the public official provides to VoteSmart.
  • When you click on the Political Courage Test link, this key will pop up, letting you know how the public official whose test you are visiting, answered on the political courage test.
  • (this is what would pop up if the public official did not take the political courage test)

Following the Money Following the Money Presentation Transcript

  • Following the Moneya DIY guide to mapping the influence of money in politics Presented by: Common Cause Hawaii League of Women Voters of Hawaii Kanu Hawaii
  • Part I Data sources on money and politics a tour of key websites where you can get data
  • www.hawaii.gov/campaigndata on State and County candidate and PAC donations and spending Click here for disclosure reports by Candidates, Noncandidate Committees (PACs), Corporations
  • www.hawaii.gov/campaignClickhere forrecentreports
  • www.hawaii.gov/campaignFind “Standard Reports” here. You can also go to “Special Report” tosee the data sorted in different ways.
  • www.hawaii.gov/campaign Click on a candidate to see their reports. This website has data for state and city/county candidates.
  • www.hawaii.gov/campaign “Disclosure” shows the total amounts during that reporting period. “Schedule A” shows detailed donations received during that reporting period. You can export the data to a spreadsheet.
  • www.hawaii.gov/campaign Sample “Schedule A” report for Honolulu City Council candidates, July 1- Dec 31, 2011 Note: you would need to combine this Schedule A with others from the period leading up to an election to get a complete picture of campaign donors.
  • www.followthemoney.organalyzes donors for State-level candidates (House, Senate, Gov, LG) Explore – State Overviews Find info for your elected officials L-CAT shows donations to committee members
  • www.followthemoney.orgclick “explore”  “state overviews”  “Hawaii”
  • www.followthemoney.organalysis of top donors for specific candidates click on any candidate for a detailed report…
  • Sample candidate report View all contributors, selected contributors, and download contribution data for this candidate.
  • www.opensecrets.orgdonor and spending analysis for federal candidates and PACs Look up members of Congress
  • www.politicalpartytime.orgtracks fundraisers for members of Congress Look up a Congressional candidate
  • www.votesmart.orginfo on candidate positions, public statements, endorsements
  • Sample candidate report“Political Courage Test “is aVoteSmar questionnaire askingabout positions on issues. Not allcandidates provide answers.
  • www.votesmart.org“Political Courage Test” asks candidates for positions on issues
  • www.votesmart.orgnot all candidates respond to the “Political Courage Test” questions
  • www.opencongress.orgvoting records, floor speeches, and bills by members of Congress
  • Part II Using and interpreting the data DIY investigation of money and influence
  • step 1. get the raw data
  • Name Address AggregateHawaii Association of Realtors 1136 12th Avenue, Suite 220 $2,000.00Monsanto Company 2111 Piilani Highway $2,000.00Operating Engineers Local No. 3 1620 South Loop Road $2,000.00 EXAMPLEMorris, G A. 45-302 Puuloko Place $1,500.00Outrigger Enterprises, Inc 2375 Kuhio Avenue $1,300.00Kobayashi, Bert A. 1288 Ala Moana Blvd., Suite 201 $1,200.00 Data download fromRadcliffe, John H. 1010 Wilder Avenue, #703 $1,000.00 followthemoney.orgIronworkers for Better Government 94-497 Ukee Street $1,000.00McCrory, Lynn P. 5140 Hanalei Plantation Road $1,000.00G & G Entertainment Inc. 94-115 Aiea Heights Drive, Suite 310 $1,000.00 Sharon HarRAI Services Company P.O. Box 464 $1,000.00 2010 election donorsDu Pont P.O. Box 80040 $850.00Kobayashi, Bert A. 1288 Ala Moana Blvd., Suite 201 $700.00United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners #745 1311 Houghtailing Street $650.00 State House ofPerlak, Frederick J. 92-1346 Hunekai Street $600.00 RepresentativesHawaii Medical Service Association Employee PAC P.O. Box 860 $550.00First Hawaiian Bank P.O. Box 1959 $550.00IFAPAC Hawaii No. 1 516 Kawaihae Street, Suite E $500.00 Vice ChairFritz, Collin M. 829 Onaha Street $500.00 Water Land OceanPakkala, Alana K. 1288 Ala Moana Boulevard, Suite 201 $500.00Tanigawa, Wayne T. 1610 Kanunu Street, Apt. 1502 $500.00 ResourcesOcean Tourism Coalition PAC 820 Mililani Street, Suite 810 $500.00Kobayashi, Ronald H. 2206 McKinley Street $500.00Kobayashi, Bert A. Jr. 1910 Aleo Place $500.00Radcliffe, John H. 1010 Wilder Avenue, #703 $500.00Build-Pac Hawaii 1727 Dillingham Blvd. $500.00Friends for Say 1984 10th Avenue $500.00Arce, Jeff 1062 Iiwi Street $500.00Duncan MacNaughton, Trustee 1288 Ala Moana Boulevard, Suite 208 $500.00Inouye, Kathryn W. 1288 Ala Moana B oulevard, #12A $500.00
  • EXAMPLE Data download from followthemoney.orgHawaii Realtors Association, House Contributions 2010
  • EXAMPLE Data download from followthemoney.orgHSTA, House Contributions 2010
  • step 2. see who’s most influential
  • Campaign Contributions by Industry, 2010
  • Top 20 Lobbying Expenditures, 2011 Session Biggest Spenders:Altria Client Services Inc. $ 196,605 LobbyingAmerican Beverage Association $ 171,368Hawaii Association for Justice $ 151,891Kamehameha Schools $ 109,371Hawaii State Teachers Association $ 97,403Hawaii Tourism Authority $ 95,000InformedRx, Inc. $ 82,000Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. $ 75,888 Who are these guys?Wellcare Health Insurance of AZ $ 72,471University of Hawaii Foundation $ 72,324UH Professional Assembly $ 68,945Board of Water Supply, C&C Hon $ 67,000Outrigger Enterprises Group $ 65,547Chamber of Commerce of Hawaii $ 64,284AFLAC $ 62,827Hawaii Medical Service Assn $ 59,546Blue Planet Foundation $ 56,262Hawaii Medical Association $ 53,636Hawaii Government Employees Assn $ 51,997Western States Petroleum Assn $ 51,573
  • Top 20 Lobbying Expenditures, 2011 Session Tobacco industry fighting tobacco taxes and regulationAltria Client Services Inc. $ 196,605American Beverage Association $ 171,368 Soda companies fighting soda tax to fund early childhood educationHawaii Association for Justice $ 151,891 and child health programsKamehameha Schools $ 109,371Hawaii State Teachers Association $ 97,403Hawaii Tourism Authority $ 95,000 Public sector labor unionsInformedRx, Inc. $ 82,000Hawaiian Electric Company, Inc. $ 75,888Wellcare Health Insurance of AZ $ 72,471 Visitor industry, hotels, timeshareUniversity of Hawaii Foundation $ 72,324UH Professional Assembly $ 68,945Board of Water Supply, C&C Hon $ 67,000 Energy interestsOutrigger Enterprises Group $ 65,547Chamber of Commerce of Hawaii $ 64,284AFLAC $ 62,827 Health insurance industryHawaii Medical Service Assn $ 59,546Blue Planet Foundation $ 56,262Hawaii Medical Association $ 53,636Hawaii Government Employees Assn $ 51,997Western States Petroleum Assn $ 51,573
  • Top 20 Campaign Donors, 2010 Election Biggest Spenders:Hawaii Association of Realtors $143,000 Campaign DonorsHawaii State Teachers Association $110,570Alexander & Baldwin $82,250Ironworkers Local 625 $76,450A-1-A Lectrician $62,750Operating Engineers Local 3 $56,250Hawaii Carpenters & Joiners $54,150Electrical Workers Local 1186 $51,900 Who are these guys?Longshore and Warehouse Local 142 $51,762Hawaii Management Alliance Assn $51,150Hawaii Government Employees Assn $50,404Schatz, Irwin $50,000Painters Local 1791 $48,300Hawaii Medical Service Association $47,700Morris, George A (Red) $44,241Radcliffe, John H $43,591Plumbers & Pipefitters PAC $43,500Carpenters & Joiners Local 745 $40,830Altria $40,750Island Insurance Co. $40,450
  • Top 20 Campaign Donors, 2010 ElectionHawaii Association of Realtors $143,000 Real estate developers and salesHawaii State Teachers Association $110,570Alexander & Baldwin $82,250Ironworkers Local 625 $76,450 Construction industry and unionsA-1-A Lectrician $62,750Operating Engineers Local 3 $56,250Hawaii Carpenters & Joiners $54,150 Public sector labor unionsElectrical Workers Local 1186 $51,900Longshore and Warehouse Local 142 $51,762Hawaii Management Alliance Assn $51,150Hawaii Government Employees Assn $50,404Schatz, Irwin $50,000Painters Local 1791 $48,300 Health insuranceHawaii Medical Service Association $47,700Morris, George A (Red) $44,241 LobbyistsRadcliffe, John H $43,591Plumbers & Pipefitters PAC $43,500Carpenters & Joiners Local 745 $40,830 Tobacco industryAltria $40,750Island Insurance Co. $40,450
  • Biggest Spenders: Lobbying & Campaign Donations • Public sector unions • Real estate developers and sales • Construction industry and unions • Visitor industry, hotels, timeshares • Health insurance industry • Energy industry and advocates • Tobacco industry • Soda industry
  • step 3. look for hidden influence
  • There are legal limits on campaign contributions• $2,000 for House candidates• $4,000 for Senate/County candidates• $6,000 for Statewide seats• Reporting required for lobbyists, donorsThese limits exist to ensure that money doesn’t buy(nor appear to buy) influence, i.e., no single donor canclaim they provided a large share of funding for acandidate’s campaign.
  • “Bundled” Contributions ROMY CACHOLA, 2008 CITY COUNCIL ELECTION Name Address Employer AggregateJoseph Paikai, Realtors PAC of Hawaii 1136 12th Avenue, #220 Realtors PAC of Hawaii $3,500Henderson, Mason PO Box 3045 Hawaii Alcoholism Foundation $3,000Paris, George 94-497 Ukee St. Ironworkers Union $2,500Hederson, Mason P.O. Box 3045 Sand Island Treatment Center $2,000Tajiri, Brian 2120 Laukahi Street Tajiri Demolition & Disposal LLC $2,000Walter Arakaki Trust P. O. Box 17790 Private Trust $2,000Rolloffs Hawaii P. O. Box 30046 Rolloffs Hawaii $2,000Sonnys Service & Repair 1119 Makepono Street Sonnys Service & Repair $2,000Operating Engineers Stabilization Fund 1640 S. Loop Rd HI Operating Engineers Fund $2,000Castanares, Reginald 1109 Bethel Street Plumbers & Pipefitters PAC $2,000 Realtors Is this a diverse set of top Building trades Waste Management donors with varied interests? Auto mechanic shop Private trust Substance abuse treatment
  • “Bundled” Contributions ROMY CACHOLA, 2008 CITY COUNCIL ELECTION Name Address Employer AggregateJoseph Paikai, Realtors PAC of Hawaii 1136 12th Avenue, #220 Realtors PAC of Hawaii $3,500Henderson, Mason PO Box 3045 Hawaii Alcoholism Foundation $3,000Paris, George 94-497 Ukee St. Ironworkers Union $2,500Hederson, Mason P.O. Box 3045 Sand Island Treatment Center $2,000Tajiri, Brian 2120 Laukahi Street Tajiri Demolition & Disposal LLC $2,000Walter Arakaki Trust P. O. Box 17790 Private Trust $2,000Rolloffs Hawaii P. O. Box 30046 Rolloffs Hawaii $2,000Sonnys Service & Repair 1119 Makepono Street Sonnys Service & Repair $2,000Operating Engineers Stabilization Fund 1640 S. Loop Rd HI Operating Engineers Fund $2,000Castanares, Reginald 1109 Bethel Street Plumbers & Pipefitters PAC $2,000 Members, Sand Island Business Association Clyde Kaneshiro, Former Pres & Director of SIBA Walter Arakaki, Glenn Nohara, SIBA DirectorsOr top donors supportinga single interest obscured Tropic Land LLC Clyde Kaneshiro, Ownerfrom public view? Developer of “Purple Spot” in Lualualei Councilmember Cachola votes to rezone the “purple spot” in Lualualei for development.
  • Lobbyists and their Clients Donating TogetherA lobbying firm donates as a company = $2,000 its 2 partners donate $2,000 each = $4,000Its client “Company X” donates $2,000 = $2,000 Company X’s 4 execs give $2000 each = $8,000 (at the suggestion of their lobbyists) _________Company X and their lobbyists = $16,000Average cost of House campaign = $40,000% by Company X and their lobbyists = 40%
  • Lobbyists and their Clients Donating Together Hawaii Capitol Consultants: Morris & Radcliffe Partners Client List• AIG Companies • Hawaii School Bus Association• Alliance of Residential Care Administrators • Hawaii State Towing Association• ALTRES, Inc. • iteachU.S., Ltd.• Altria Client Services Inc. and its Affiliates • Lilly USA, LLC• American Chemistry Council • McCorriston, Miller Mukai MacKinnon, LLP• AFLAC • MillerCoors LLC• Appriss, Inc. • Monsanto Company• AT&T • Newport Hospital Corporation• Boyd Gaming Corporation • Schnitzer Steel, Industries, Inc.• Corrections Corporation of America • Securities Industry & Financial Markets Assn• Coventry • Voice for Learning• Dollar Financial Group, Inc. • Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.• Entertainment Software Association • Waterhouse, Inc.• Grocery Manufacturers Association• Hawaii Court Reporters & Captioners Assn• Hawaii Hotel & Lodging Association• Hawaii Liquor Wholesalers Association• Hawaii Management Alliance Association
  • Part III Back to the big picture appropriate v inappropriate influence and what we can do about it
  • Is the influence of money “appropriate”?is it “proportional” to interests in the population?does it “add up” to the public interest in the end?
  • Campaign Contributions by Industry, 2010
  • Influence is concentrated….• public employee unions• real estate developers and salespeople• construction and building trades• tobacco industry• health insurance and pharma
  • Is influence appropriate (proportionate)?Influential…• Government Employees (20,000)• Carpenters Union (5,000 carpenters)• Operating Engineers Union (1,560 equip oper)• Realtors Association (850 real estate agents)Not influential…• Retail Salespersons (23,000)• Waiters, Waitresses (16,000 )• Office Clerks (14,000)• Security Guards (9,000)Influential…• Teachers (8,000)Not influential…• Public school students (182,000)
  • What things do you care about that are notrepresented by influential donors and lobbyists?• environment, e.g., plastic bags, development?• taxpayers, e.g., public pension reform ?• children, e.g., affordable quality preschool?• preventive health, e.g., smoke, diet-related disease?• planning ahead for higher import prices (oil, food)• planning ahead for new industries• planning ahead for anything…The future is always at a disadvantage to the present,because existing industries and unions have amassedresources for lobbying and contributions. Future industries,organizations, and causes - however good they might be forHawaii - have not.
  • • Re-election is still the most important thing to our elected leaders. Money, lobbying, and relationships influence leaders only because not enough of us vote with knowledge of the candidates, their positions, and issues.
  • The antidote: People power across the map 1) Map the influence clearly and share it widely 2) Array people power according to the map 3) Strengthen rules that limit influence of money