Crime Prevention & Modern Policing “ Changing Needs to Meet the Future” CtC Conference  1 st  December 2006 Ch. Insp. Jame...
Presentation Contents <ul><li>Historical role of Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Prevention Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Historical Role of Prevention <ul><li>Sir Robert Peel and the Primary Objectives of Policing 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Preven...
Modern Crime Prevention <ul><li>The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership...
CtC London Youth Survey Gang and Gun Crime 2004-5 <ul><li>Risk and Protective Factors Audit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trident...
Multi Agency Prevention <ul><li>Local Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing, Planning & Highways, Health, Housing, Edu...
National Intelligence Model <ul><li>Tactical and Strategic Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Problem and Subject Profiling </l...
The Problem Solving Process <ul><li>MPS Staged Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Researc...
The Problem Analysis Triangle Target/Victim Place Offender
Violent Crime Risk Management Threat Source Behavioural Drivers Risk Identification Risk Assessment Case Management Locati...
Intervention Axis NIM level (structure & systems) 2. 1. PSP interventions: Offender Victim Location Individual / Family In...
Prevention Business Areas <ul><li>Urban Design and Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Product, layout and System Design </li><...
Future Needs <ul><li>Modular Training and Competency based accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Building Prevention into mainst...
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Crime Prevention and Modern Policing

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Changing needs to meet the future

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Transcript of "Crime Prevention and Modern Policing"

  1. 1. Crime Prevention & Modern Policing “ Changing Needs to Meet the Future” CtC Conference 1 st December 2006 Ch. Insp. James Cooke
  2. 2. Presentation Contents <ul><li>Historical role of Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Prevention Needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Case Study : CtC London Youth Survey 2004-5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multi Agency Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Policing Context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Intelligence Model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem Solving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Violent Crime Risk Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modern Prevention Business Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Future Needs </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Role of Prevention <ul><li>Sir Robert Peel and the Primary Objectives of Policing 1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention vs Reduction : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causes removed or controlled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disruption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suppression </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historical Role Police Crime Prevention Officer (CPO) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Modern Crime Prevention <ul><li>The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Community Safety Managers </li></ul><ul><li>The Prevention Disciplines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product, layout and System Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioural Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk Management (Offender,victim and location) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CtC London Youth Survey Gang and Gun Crime 2004-5 <ul><li>Risk and Protective Factors Audit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trident Boroughs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schools Surveyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response Profiling </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Multi Agency Prevention <ul><li>Local Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensing, Planning & Highways, Health, Housing, Education, Children Services, Social Services, Environmental Health </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhood Watches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crime Prevention, Design Advisors, Architectural Design Advisors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>Land Owners </li></ul>
  7. 7. National Intelligence Model <ul><li>Tactical and Strategic Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Problem and Subject Profiling </li></ul><ul><li>The Control Strategy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Problem Solving Process <ul><li>MPS Staged Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research and Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Option Appraisal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Review </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Problem Analysis Triangle Target/Victim Place Offender
  10. 10. Violent Crime Risk Management Threat Source Behavioural Drivers Risk Identification Risk Assessment Case Management Location Victim Offender - Town Centres - Clubs / pubs - Crack houses / shebeens - Estates - High risk streets / locations - Repeat victims - Mugging - Domestic Violence - Stalking - Street violence - Commercial premises - PPOs - MAPPA - Gang members - Criminal Networks - Peer group - Individual dangerous offenders <ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Financial need </li></ul><ul><li>Self defence </li></ul>1. BOCU Frontline - Safer Neighbourhood Teams - Response teams - CID Investigations 2. SCD BIUs - Homicide - SCD 7 - SCD 8 - SCD 5 - SCD 12 3. SO BIUs - SB - SO13 <ul><li>SCD BIUs </li></ul><ul><li>CSUs </li></ul><ul><li>CAIT </li></ul><ul><li>MAPPA </li></ul><ul><li>PPOs </li></ul><ul><li>SAPPHIRE </li></ul><ul><li>MENTAL DISORDER </li></ul><ul><li>GANGS </li></ul><ul><li>COMPASS </li></ul><ul><li>TOOLS: </li></ul><ul><li>MATRIX 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>PRISM </li></ul><ul><li>ASSET </li></ul><ul><li>ONSET </li></ul><ul><li>OAYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>RISK & PROTECTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>SPECCS </li></ul><ul><li>Sleepner Model </li></ul><ul><li>JTrack </li></ul><ul><li>VISOR </li></ul><ul><li>Chapt. 8 </li></ul><ul><li>MAPPA level 1, 2, 3 </li></ul><ul><li>PPO Case conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Tasking & Co-ordination </li></ul><ul><li>(BOCU + SCD + SO) </li></ul>Intelligence + Problem Solving + Action Planning Action Planning Action Planning Referral 1
  11. 11. Intervention Axis NIM level (structure & systems) 2. 1. PSP interventions: Offender Victim Location Individual / Family Individual / Peer Group Individual / Gang Individual / Crim Ntwrk 0 - 5 6 - 10 11 - 15 16 - 20 21 - 25 26 - 30 31 - 40 beyond Age / Gang Affiliation Lifecycle CtC /Crime concern Risk and protective Social services / education <ul><li>CDRP </li></ul><ul><li>PPO scheme </li></ul><ul><li>YOT </li></ul><ul><li>(asset) </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Prison Service </li></ul><ul><li>Oaysis </li></ul><ul><li>Probation </li></ul><ul><li>Oaysis </li></ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul><ul><li>Prism </li></ul><ul><li>CN Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>RAMP </li></ul><ul><li>MAPPA </li></ul><ul><li>Prison Service </li></ul><ul><li>Probation </li></ul><ul><li>Sure Start </li></ul><ul><li>WaveTrust </li></ul><ul><li>YIPs </li></ul><ul><li>YISPs </li></ul><ul><li>BOCU enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Gang mediation services </li></ul><ul><li>Gang exit planning </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul>Safer London Foundation <ul><li>SCD 6 Asset confiscation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prevention Business Areas <ul><li>Urban Design and Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Product, layout and System Design </li></ul><ul><li>Town Centre Management </li></ul><ul><li>Business Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Offender & Victim Management </li></ul><ul><li>Counter Terrorism </li></ul><ul><li>Safer Neighbourhoods </li></ul>
  13. 13. Future Needs <ul><li>Modular Training and Competency based accreditation </li></ul><ul><li>Building Prevention into mainstream business planning </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Development </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Scanning </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute for Prevention </li></ul>
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