What are Computer Pla:orms? • Computer Pla:orms are computers / consoles that weren’t just built for gaming. • An example of a Computer Pla:orm would be a PC, which is used for other things such as Gaming.
The 1960s • The ﬁrst game to be released on a computer was in 1961 when a group of students programmed a game called ‘Spacewar’.At the Nme it was released on a new computer called the DEC PDP-‐1. • In 1967, Bill Harrison created the ﬁrst Video Game to be played on a TV Screen. • In 1968 the ﬁrst Video Game Console Prototype was completed to allow several games to be played on the same console such as Table Tennis and Target ShooNng. • A clip of Spacewar in acNon can be seen here hWp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s1V7jBACLQE
The 1970s • The 1970s saw the start of Video Arcade games. • A Coin-‐operated Arcade Game of ‘Spacewar’ was created, it was called ‘Computer Space’. • In 1972 the game ‘Pong’ was created – it would become on of the most famous Video games in the World. • Other Arcade games were created in the 1970s, such as the Atari Night Driver, which was created in 1976.
The 1980s • The 80s saw the beginning of the Personal Computer (PC) which would become one of the ﬁrst Computer Gaming pla:orms. • It also saw the start of many famous Video Games, such as Pac-‐Man. • A clip of the Video Game Pac-‐Man can be seen here hWp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uswzriFIf_k
The 1990s • The 1990s saw the start of purpose-‐built game consoles such as the Nintendo 64 and PlaystaNon. • It also saw the start of many more famous video games such as Mario Kart and Gran Turismo. • The Nintendo 64 was released in 1996 and was part of the Fourth GeneraNon of Video Games.
Sixth GeneraNon of Game Consoles • The start of the 21st century saw the start of development of the sixth generaNon console. • In 2002, Microsoi released their ﬁrst console – the Xbox. Xbox Live was launched in the same year, which saw people playing games online. • Sony launched their second console – the PlaystaNon 2, which was a predecessor of the PlaystaNon. The PlaystaNon 2 was released in 2000.
Seventh generaNon of Game Consoles • Aier the Xbox came the Xbox 360, which was released by Microsoi in 2005 and it was part of the Seventh generaNon of game consoles. • Released in 2006 was the Nintendo Wii, unlike the other game consoles, the Wii detects movements – which means that a controller was not needed, only the movement of the player.
Eighth generaNon of game consoles • The eighth generaNon of Game consoles began in the 2010s. The ﬁrst console of the eighth generaNon to be released was the Nintendo 3DS, which was released in 2011. • Released in 2012 was the PlaystaNon Vita. • Both the Nintendo 3DS and the PlaystaNon Vita are handheld consoles.
Handheld Consoles • Handheld games were ﬁrst introduced in the 1970s. • The ﬁrst handheld console was the Microvision, which was released in 1979. • Nintendo released their ﬁrst handheld console – the Game Boy, released in 1989. • Since then, the Game Boy has become a series of diﬀerent consoles, developing more in recent years.