A step on step guide to Wall & Room Painting
Home Painting Overview.
How to Start Painting.
Internal Wall Painting.
External Wall Painting
Post Painting Care & Common Defects.
Exterior Home Painting
Interior Home Painting
• Home Painting is more than simple wall protection.
• Your Painting radiates your personality. They add life to your home.
• Home Painting can broadly be classified into (a) Exterior Home Painting & (b) Interior
Pre Painting Work
• The process of Home Painting is divided in 3 parts:
• Pre-painting work : Includes preparation work like
masonry work, crack filling, water proofing etc.
These have to be undertaken to ensure maximum
life for the final paint film.
•Surface Preparation : This process of wall painting
involves making the surface fit for paint application.
For example, if you are painting your interior walls
you would need to make them smooth by applying
Plaster of Paris (POP) or Stucco/ Putty.
• Painting: This includes getting the final paint on
• Before you start painting, identify the rooms to
Identify the rooms.
• Choose the shades/ scheme you want to be used
in each room. Darker colours makes a space seem
smaller while lighter shades brighten a
space, making it appear more expansive.
•Measure your rooms to find out the area you
need to paint. Choose the most appropriate paint
that meets your needs.
Select Paints & Colours.
•Remove door knobs, handles and other
decorative accessories from doors and
windows, so as to prevent damage due to paint
• Use a dry mop to thoroughly remove the dust
from the walls. Wash bathroom and kitchen walls
with water and allow them to dry.
Remove dust from walls.
• Painting the Interior Walls of your home requires
you to follow the same procedures:
• Pre-painting work : Check surface for dampness or
water seepage before painting. Remove any loose
plaster from the wall. Ensure proper curing time (7
to 21 days depending on extent of plastering). Allow
re-plastered surfaces to dry thoroughly.
•Surface Preparation : Newly plastered surfaces
should be allowed to cure for a period of at least 6
months. Remove loose particles and paint flakes.
Scrape with sandpaper to ensure that the surface is
dry and free from dirt, dust, or grease.
• Painting: It is always recommended that new
surfaces be primed. Avoid application of surface or
joint compound while painting exterior surfaces. Fill
cracks with a 1:3 (by volume) cement and sand
mixture. Always stir the paint or stain thoroughly
before use, as pigment has a tendency to settle at
the bottom of the can. Stir periodically during
application to ensure colour consistency.
• Painting the Exterior Walls of your home requires you to
follow the same procedures:
• Pre-painting work : For exterior surfaces it is very important
to undertake repairs of any wall imperfections before
commencing on painting job. The most common problem with
exterior wall painting is cracks in the wall. Avoid applying putty
or filling compound while painting exterior surfaces. All
external drainage pipes must be checked for rusting or leakage.
Any faulty plumbing must be rectified..
•Surface Preparation : Newly plastered surfaces must be
allowed to cure for at least 35 to 45 days before wall painting.
Previously oil painted surfaces should be sanded thoroughly to
remove loose particles and made dull and matt for better
adhesion. Exterior rough surfaces, previously coated with
cement paint, should be wire brushed and washed with water
thoroughly and dried completely. Before wall painting, ensure
that the surface is free from chalking.
• Painting: It is always recommended that new surfaces be
primed. Apply Exterior Wall Primer. Apply two coats of top coat
paint on surface. It is recommended that horizontal surfaces
like the tops of awnings and parapets must be given an
additional coat for greater protection. Start Painting.
•Most wall paints (like emulsions and washable distempers)
are washable. This means they can be periodically cleaned
with mild soap water solution. However, stubborn and very
old stains may be more difficult to remove from the film.
•The newly painted surface should not be cleaned in less
than 2 weeks after application of finished coat.
•Special care should be taken for the passages, kitchens and
children's rooms when home painting.
•To minimize permanent or difficult-to-remove stains, clean
walls immediately before the stains dry up.
•Walls should be checked periodically for loose, flaking or
peeling paint. Once signs of moisture are detected, they
should be checked and resolved immediately, so as to
minimize damage to the area.
•It is important to protect your painting job. Proper post
painting care ensures that your painting job lasts for a long
time & your walls stays protected.
Oil Paints for Bed Rooms
Acrylic Paints for Bath Rooms
Plastic Emulsions on Kitchen Walls
Gloss Enamel for Living Rooms