Wikipedia and Medicine


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Wikipedia and Medicine

  1. 1. Wikipedia and Medicine An introduction Jake Orlowitz editor, Ocaasi All text is under a CC-BY-SA license
  2. 2. Our goal “Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. (12) Thats what were doing.”
  3. 3. Is Wikipedia Read by Nearly Everyone?
  4. 4. Some stats• Most popular reference online• # 6 website in the world …after Google, Facebook, Youtube, Baidu, and Yahoo• 500 million visitors per month• 20 billion page views(7)• 2.5 billion pageviews via mobile(7)
  5. 5. 30% of global internet users visit Wikipediamonthly, 15% daily
  6. 6. Does Wikipedia Cover Nearly Everything?
  7. 7. Size of Wikipedia(9) • 1750 volumes of Encyclopedia Britannica • 4 million articles in English • 24 million total articles in 285 languages
  8. 8. Growth (9)
  9. 9. Does Wikipedia Have aHuge Number of Editors?
  10. 10. Wikipedians…• 35 million registered• Many more anonymously• 80,000 people contribute > 5 edits/month• 10,000 people contribute > 100 edits/month• Even fewer for medical editors
  11. 11. Editor numbers peaked in 2007…• The easy work has been done• More stringent criteria for contributing• Can be a chalenging place to work (lots of policies, debate) (15)
  12. 12. Does What One Writes Matter?
  13. 13. Data: monthly pageviews
  14. 14. Medical stats: monthly•200 million page views for 25,000 medicine articles(1)•40 million page views for medication articles(2)•Not including anatomy, genetics, neuroscience, cellular biology...
  15. 15. Do you use it?
  16. 16. Do you use it?•A UK survey found 50% to 90% of physicians do•2011 J. Medical Internet Research: most frequently used source by junior physicians besides Google (3)•35% to 70% of pharmacists as well(3)
  17. 17. Can One Just Come andWrite What They Want?
  18. 18. How it works•Anyone can edit but…•Multiple safeguards o Automation to revert vandalism and spam o Monitoring new edits by "recent changes patrollers" o Watchlists alert interested editors of new edits o Admins have additional tools (protection, blocks) o Locks on controversial content o Blacklisted links o Detection of conflict of interest o Thousands of experienced editors o Hundreds of thousands of readers o  Wikipedia’s immune system
  19. 19. Most anonymous edits are good
  20. 20. First and foremost anencyclopedia•Neutrally, proportionately, and verifiably, summarize reliable sources•Not Promoting specific ideas Original research
  21. 21. Reference, reference, reference•Not about editors’ expertise but quality sources•Review articles strongly preferred•Major clinical practice guidelines•Major textbooks•Unreferenced or poorly referenced material often fixed, tagged, or rapidly removed
  22. 22. If you do not provide a reference...(10)
  23. 23. Is Wikipedia Peer Reviewed?
  24. 24. Article rating
  25. 25. Featured and Good articles•Semi-formal peer review•4,000 FA and 17,000 GA•Medicine: 57 FA and 132 GA (<1%)•Featured content displayed on the main page•Frequently written by experts•Still open to editing•Exploring other forms of peer review
  26. 26. Who Are We Writing For?
  27. 27. Readers in 2011 (6)
  28. 28. Internet content by language(4)
  29. 29. Wikipedia articles by language(17)
  30. 30. Health Information for Allin the Language of their Choice (16)
  31. 31. Why do we need this?• Health education is a human right• Lack of information leads to poor choices• Wikipedia can address the knowledge gap• Perhaps the most viable way
  32. 32. Global access to Wikipedia• Developing world has poor access to the internet• Expensive data charges for cell phones• Partner with cell phone companies• Give free access• 300 million people in Africa, Middle East, Asia and Eastern Europe
  33. 33. What we are working on?• 80 key articles• Improve to a professional standard• Translate into as many other languages• Integrate the translations into Wikipedia• Free access for everyone
  34. 34. Can You Edit?
  35. 35. Yes.• Just click [Edit]• Mediawiki markup• Editing toolbar• References• Edit summaries• Talk pages • Stay civil • Sign comments ~~~~
  36. 36. The good news• Learn from other articles• Lots of help guides• Other editors can fix your formatting• Practice in your sandbox• Active support from community• Markup being replaced by word processing
  37. 37. Write for a General Population•Professionals, academics, and the lay public•Main article  overview•Sub-articles  greater detail (nesting)•Factual rather than instructional
  38. 38. Do Authors Receive Credit?
  39. 39. Authorship• Every edit stored on the history page• No author credits on articles• Not required to use real names, most don’t
  40. 40. Collaboration with journals• Need more academics involved• No credit from Wikipedia, required for advancement in academia• Form collaborations with journals PLoS, Open Medicine, JMIR• Co-publish Wikipedia articles under authors real names• First article on Dengue Fever is in the publication process
  41. 41. Pictures
  42. 42. Adding images•Stored at the sister site, Wikimedia Commons•13 million free media files•You can upload and share•Need written consent for identifiable content
  43. 43. Is Wikipedia Just an Encyclopedia?
  44. 44. The Wikimedia Family(13)
  45. 45. The Wikimedia Movement• Three main parts o Volunteer community o Wikimedia Foundation o Chapters / Thematic organizations• Non-profit• No advertising• Open copyright
  46. 46. Open licensing• CC-BY-SA• CC = "Creative Commons"• BY = "By Attribution"• SA = "Share Alike"• Free to use, modify, or even sell
  47. 47. What is a wiki?•Developed 1994 by Ward Cunningham•“Quick” in Hawaiian•Collaborative editing of interlinked articles•Changeable content via a web browser•Thousands of sites based on this software
  48. 48. What is not Wikipedia• WikiLeaks: publishes secret documents• WikiAnswers: question and answer site• Wikia: for-profit collection of wikis• Intellipedia: closed wiki for US intelligence• Conservapedia: US conservative angle• Many others
  49. 49. Why get involved?• Wikipedia is what the world is reading• People need access to quality health info• You develop understanding of your field• You discusss topics with international peers• Autonomy, The mission, Topical interest, Audience, Perfectionism, Challenge, Self- expression, Responsibility, Addiction , Recognition… What’s your reason?
  50. 50. Come edit.• Monday-Friday• 11AM-3PM• Nursing Building, MezzanineBring: a laptop, questions, curiositySurvey:
  51. 51. Questions? Attribution to James Heilman User:Jmh649 This presentation is released under a CC-BY-SA license.
  52. 52. References1. Heilman JM, Kemmann E, Bonert M, et al. (2011). "Wikipedia: a key tool for global public health promotion". J. Med. Internet Res. 13 (1): e14.doi:10.2196/jmir.1589. PMID 21282098.4. "Usage of content languages for websites". Retrieved 30 December 2011.5. _million_native_speakers9. HTTP://XKCD.COM/285/11.