Location, climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany


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Location, climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany

  1. 1. Location, Climate, and Natural Resources of Italy and Germany
  2. 2. Italy
  3. 3. Italy’s Location  Long, boot-shaped peninsula surrounded on 3 sides by the Mediterranean Sea  Alps form the northern border  2 islands, Sardinia & Sicily, are part of the country
  4. 4. Italy’s Climate  Temperate (mild) climate with regional differences  Coastal areas have mild winters and warm, dry summers  Mountains have cold, wet, and snowy winters and humid summers
  5. 5. Italy’s Natural Resources  Has few mineral resources: natural gas, marble, granite, coal, mercury, and zinc  Arable land is important  26% of Italy is fertile land
  6. 6. Italy’s Natural Resources  Small farms cover much of the country  Grapes & olives are important crops  There are more than 800 ports for fishing boats
  7. 7. Where People Live  Population: 58,000,000  Land Area: 301,340 sq km  7 out of 10 Italians live in urban areas (Rome, Naples, Milan, & Turin)  About half of the people live in the most northern 1/3rd of the country!
  8. 8. Rome, Italy
  9. 9. Italy’s Trade  Apennine Mountains are like a backbone across Italy  Mountains affect where people live & how they travel  Also effects how they ship goods
  10. 10. Italy’s Trade  Location on the Mediterranean Sea allows trade with other countries  Has a long history of shipping goods to countries in Africa, Europe, & Asia
  11. 11. Germany
  12. 12. Germany’s Location  In north-central Europe on European Plain  Southern region = mountainous Central region = hilly and mountainous  Northern region = flat plains  Contains the most important commercial waterway in Europe (Rhine River)
  13. 13. Germany’s Climate  Most of Germany has a marine climate  In the west: winters are mild, summers are cool, with rainfall year round  Gulf Stream warms the region, making the land warmer in the winter and cooling it off in the summer  In the east: winters are very cold, summers are very hot with long dry periods
  14. 14. Germany’s Natural Resources  Has many natural resources: iron ore, coal, uranium, nickel, natural gas, & copper  Timber is also a resource, but much of the forests in the north have been cut down for farms & towns  About 1/3rd of the land is arable
  15. 15. Where People Live  Population: 82,000,000  Land Area: 357,022 sq km  Germany is one of the most densely populated countries in Europe  85% of the population lives in urban areas (cities)  Berlin is the largest city & the capital
  16. 16. Remaining Section of the Berlin Wall
  17. 17. Trade  Rhine River is very important for trade  Many German cities lie along the Rhine  Location gives those cities an excellent way to transport goods & people