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# Apafa

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### Apafa

1. 1. ! " ! "#\$ % ! " !#& (\$ ) * )\$% # % ! ! & !# ! ( ! " # ! ! "+ ,\$% ! # ! ! !) " #! ! *- ) . /\$% #! ! +! ) " , ! 0 1 ).- & , . & 2 . , - / . + 1 # !\$ 3 0
2. 2. ! "# \$% "& ( )* + , )! ( ! - * , " , ** *. // 0+ !1
3. 3. " /0! " " "# %/ 1 2 "# %. 2" 3 4 \$ 51 0+ !2
4. 4. 6 6 ( 7 \$ 0\$ 86 ( 9 , 2 " 2 " " "# : ( , " 8 2 2 ! " 2 7 * ;\$ 0 ; !8 , "< - ( , 2 8 " "( 2 " 2 2 "# - 8 " ( = " "# " 2 < ( # 9 > " " "# 8 " 6 ( 7\$ **86 ( " : "2 " > , < ( > " , , 82 " 2 ( " " " "# 2: 8 4 " ( " 2" 8 " 1 2 "# " " "# 8 " " ? 1 > 2 ( " @ " 8- 2 " " 2 " A@ 1 , < ( " B8 > " " 82 " ( " " 2 " ( <2 " 2 2 > 8 " " ( 2 "# 8 (# , >
5. 5. 6 ; ; < , " 2 " > 8 2 4 4 - 2 # 9 " 2 > 2 2 2 " 2 2 8 8 " " ( 2 "# " " " "# " " "# " 8 "& > 6 8 2 , " : 2 & " " " " 8 2 " 2 4 ! " # \$ ! %&6 , 2 6 ( 7 \$ 0\$ 8 6 ( 9 , 2 " 2 " " "# : ( , " 8 2 2 ! " 2 7 * ;\$ 0 ; ! ( " " " 2 "# > 2 " , 2 , # 9 2 " " < 8 " 4 " " , C " " " "# ( # "# 0+ !34
6. 6. ! (6 " " "# 8 "= " , 2 D (E " 82 9 2 8 " " < , 2 2 " 2 " " 82 9 2 " 2 " " 8 ( 8 " " < , 2 " , # ! ) (! 6 ( 7\$ 0\$ 8 " " 9 > " 8 8 2 2 " - ( " #& 2 " " "# " " 8 , > 9 - 2 > " 82 " 9 ( 29 "# > 2 "2 " 2 8 " ( #, > " , " 2 2 ! " 2 7 * ;\$ 0 ; !8 " " , " " D F " 2 2 "# - 8 2 2 2 , 2 " 0+ !33
7. 7. F "# "# 9 " " " "# 8 > " - " " , " "# 2 # " " > # 2 2 < F + , " 2 " ( " "# 9 " < " " ( " " "# # " " " C" > " , " " F + 2 # 8 > " " 8 9 2 " 8 ( " 8" " "# : F 2 " " "# 2 # , , " , >4 " ">F 2 ( ! " " " "# 8 ( " " , 9 " ( #" ( " " ",F (E " 2 " 8 2 , 2 ( " 8 >4 ( " 8 2 " 8 8 " # 8 # " , " ( " # 9 " ( " " "-F 2 " ! " " " "# 8 > " "# 8> ( " " "# 0+ !35
8. 8. F ! " , 2 " " , 9 2 < " " "#F " 2 8 " #& # , 2 8 2 9 ( # 9 " " "# ( "& 2 9 " " ( G " "# 6 ( ! , 8 6 ( " " ( 9 " ( = #, "HF 2 "4 2 " " 8 2 " ( " "# 9 , 2 I " " " "#F J > ( " " F " 2 8 " #& 2 " " 8 "# " " F 1 , < " " , > 2 " 2 2 , 2 " 2 8 " ( #, 2 # " 6 ( 8 , 2 " " " " 2 "# 6 ( " 2 "# , 8 2 2 4> 9 " @ " 6 " 9 " #& 2 " " " "# " " , " D 0+ !36
9. 9. F " 2 > ( ( " "# " " K F ( K F8 C 2 2 " "& ;2 , , F " 2 "& # 2 , 8 ( 2 2 " ( " "# " " "# 8 > 9 " @ " ( " , " "# " < 8 " ( 2 " 9 " < " # 8 " ( "> "# F 2 ( 2 # 8 " ( "> "# 2 # " 6 ( ( ( 2 4> " F " 2 2 " # " " "# F + , 8 "4 2 " ( " " " " " "#>F " 2 " - ( 2 2 # 8 , " 8 9 ( " " "#,F + , " " " "# ( 9 9 " , " 8 "& 2 " "# 2 # " 0+ !37
10. 10. -F ! " 2 , "< 2 " - > "# 8 : "# ( 2 " ( " "#F 2 > " 9 " "# " " 82 < " 8> " 9 9 2 9 "* & ! ( 6 ( 7\$ 0\$ ( , " 8# 2 2 9 ( #9 " " "#( 2 "& 2 9 > G " "# 6 (! , 8 , 26 ! , ( G " "# 8 " 8 2, "< # 2 "& 2 ( 2 9 2 > 2 , 2 " " " " 2 "# 6 ( , 82 D 0+ !38
11. 11. F # 2 > " " "# 2: 2 # ( 2 " " " " 2 "#F 6 < " / L 2 " " 2 > G " "# 6 (E ! , 2 "#( ! ! ! + , , D 6 ! "# , 2 " 2 D " "& ?( "& ( "& , " D + , 0+ !31
12. 12. ! , ( ( ! ! ! " ( - ! ( & ) ! 2 > 8 " " " " " "# ( " " 2 " " " 2 " " "# - " , ! "# + , " " 4 2 , " M - 8 22 "& : " , " 8 C 2" " 2 - " , "# 2 4 " " " " "# 0+ !32
13. 13. , , ( 94 8 "= " , 2 " 2 8 8 " " ( 8 " " " "# ! ) (F 2 8 > ( " " " " " 8 9 " , &"F ! " ( 2 > 2 " 2 ! "# , # " " "#F ! " ( 2 " 2 " 2 ! "#F ! " ( 2 1 2 "# K 1 F( 2 " 8 4 # # "F # , " ! "# ( + , 8 # 2 "> " , " 9 2 " # , ( , " 6 (8 , " ( " " " 2 "# 0+ !39
14. 14. >F , " " "& ",F 2 , " 2 "& "-F 2 " " C /L G 2 "# " KG F #, " > - 9 < 2 "# , 8 4 " C" ( " 9 2 9 " " " 2 "#F , # 2 9 ( # 9 " " "# ( " "& 2 9 " " ( G " "# 6 ( ! , F , " # " " # ( " 8 2 " " " "# " "HF # 9 " ( 2 "> I , " 8 ! "# ( + , 8 9 = "( ( (6 81 ( C" 0+ !3:
15. 15. < 8 ( # 8 # 22 " ! "# 8 " 9 2 4 2 " > " - 2 < #! " " " "# 2 " : " 8 , " " " ( " 2 F 8 , " , " " D 2 " " " 2 > 2 " 2 " " 1 " 9 ( , # " F 3 8 D 2 > 2 " , " " # 2 I ! "# ( + , 6 = " 9 ( , # " 0+ !54
16. 16. F # 2 I , " 8 , # " D 2 > 2 " " " " 1 " " 9 ( , # " F # : " I , " 8 " " =D 2 , " 8 2 ! "# " " ! "# ( + , " " 1 " 9 ( , # " . # 2 " ! "# ( < " ! " " " "# 2 " L2 > " 2 " " 8 2 " " " 2 4> " 0+ !53
17. 17. * ! / , - !6 # " C" 8 < " # 2 , # ( " #& " 2 " , 2 > 8 " " ( 8 " 2 4 > - < # " , 8 4 8- ( , 9 # =6 " " ( 2 # " 8 = " ( , # " 2 : " "6 2 = " 2 " " #& 2 " " " " " " 2 " " 2 = " 2 " & 6 , 2 C" 8 2 " " " " 4 ( = 2 "# # " 0+ !55
18. 18. * " & # & " ( ( - 9 2 #= 8 " = " 2 # " ( 2 " " , # "& ! - / & - & " ( )" ! "6 2 > 8 " " ( 8 " , " " 2 D01 2 " " 9 - , # " " " " 8 2 " ! "# 9 = - ( # 6 " " 2 = 2 2 ,: 2 " 9 " 2 " " 8 9 2 # 2 = " 0+ !56
19. 19. 31 & 2 4 5 " " 2 8 " " 2 2 ( 9 ! "# - " & 2 9 2 " " " , " > , " > " 2 , 8 2 8 "61 " , 9 > " " 8 9 = " 2 2 " ( " # " 2 2 2 6 2 2 2 471 ( &8 " " ( " , (E 2 291 & " " 2 " , < 8 " ( " # " 2 2 2 2 9 " # " 8 2 2 ( - 2 " 8 " 2 =C 9 2 " # 0+ !57
20. 20. :1 * 6 2 > 8 " " ( " " " # < ( # " " 2 ( 8 2 = # " 2 : 8 2 " " : - 9 " , " " "# 6 9 2" = 2 " # " " " 89 2 = D F 1 < ; 6 2 " 2 " # " 2 " " " # " " " , " < # " F " ; > ": " " & 9 2 " = > 2 " < 2 " 6 # " " < " ( " ! "# " # " " 2 = : " " ( 2 " 0+ !58
21. 21. ;1 6 , > "# #, " ( 2" # " > # " = 2 > 8 " " ( " " 2 " 8 " " # " " ! - 8 4 ! "# 8 " , " 2 "# " 6 9 " # , 6 ( 7 \$ 0\$ 8 , " " " " 2 "# 2 = 2, #4 > , #<1 2 " " " 2 8 " - = # 4 " 2 ( " 9 2 " 2 " " " " " " , = " " ( # " = K F 0+ !51
22. 22. , "# ( , " 8 2 ( " " , " , " , 2 # " " # ( " " I ? C 2" , ", " ! "# I ,: 2 " " , " ! "# ( > ! "# D F " " , " F N 2 8 " " " ( F # ( " , 2 " F + > ( " < 6 F N 2 2" 2 8 9 " 6 " 2 "# 0+ !52
23. 23. >F 1 2 "# K 1 F( 2 2 " 8 9 " " ( " "# " " K F( " 2,F " 8 " # " 2 2 82 " + , ( "# " "-F # " " " ( # , " 82 > 2 > 2 " > " 2 " 2 ( 2 " 2 2 < 8 > ! " " " "#F ( < " "# " " ( " , " "# " < 8 2 > , " ( 2 I 2 "# 8 " " "# " " "#F " , > " 8 " " ( , 2 8 ! "# " " 8 > 8 # " " "# ( " 8 " - 8 8 " ( :" > , 0+ !59
24. 24. ! ( ! "# " " , 2 D01 1 F # ( 2 ( ! "# F ! " " " "# 8 2 " 2 " ( " 1 2 "# K 1 F K F " "# F " ! "# 8 " ( ! "# F " ( > " 2 " ( " > 8 4 < ( " " ( , " 8 > 6 (8 " " F 8 " " 8 # ( > 2 ( " 2 2 ! "# >F 2 # ( "# " ! "# 8 > 9 " , 4 " 8 , " 8 " ( - # 0+ !5:
25. 25. ,F > 2 2 ! "# ( 2 " J " 8 2 = 2 , # " " "# 2 " "# -F " , + , > ( " 9 " " F 6 = 9 " < " " "31 * 2 F 2 < " ! "# F ! "# " , 2 ! "# F 6 = 9 " < " " "61 F 6 # " , ( , 0+ !64
26. 26. F + , 9 > , > ( " C " ( # F > 8 , ( , " 2 4 " " F " ! "# 8 > ( J " , ( , F 6 # " < ( " ( = " " (>F " ( < 2 " ( " > 8 " " ",F + 2 2 "-F " , " " > " ( F 6 = 9 " < " " " 0+ !63
27. 27. 71 ( 1 F 6 # 4 " ( ! "# 8 4 " 9 > " , " F ( > " ! "# ( # " 2 , , F 6 # - # " "# " "# 8 , " " 2 > ( ! "# F 6 # ( " < 2 8 ! " " " "# F " ( > " " " ! "# " " "# F 6 = 9 " < " " "91 * 1 F " " > + 2 " 8 " ( " 2 " "> 0+ !65
28. 28. F 2 ( ! "# " 9 2 > " F ! 2 I 9 , 2 ! "#! (6 ! "# 8 # 2 " "# " " = " , " 6 9 2" " , " 6 " 2 "( = & " ! "# = 2 ## > 9 2 "# " = 9 K " " " 8 2 - 82 8 4 8 " F, 2 = &6 ! "# = " # " ( 4 " , " 2 " 8 " ! "# " = # " " 0+ !66
29. 29. , 2 " 2 # " ,: 8 " 2 > 8 " " ( 8 2 "# - "= " " 2 2 > 8 " " ( 8 , " " 8 42 > " " " ! (6 "& ( " "= 2 " 2 D " " ( > "& ( D F 2 ( " 2 > " " " 8 "# 9 > " " 0+ !67
30. 30. F " 2 " 2 > " " " 8 "# " 8 2 "# 8 "# 8 ( 9 " ( > " , " " F " ! " " " "# "# "# ( 2 "# F 2 ! "# , "# 8 "# ( " 2 # " 1 2 "# F # ( " 2 " 2 > 8 2 > " " ( = "#>F " > "# " I 8 2 > " " ( ! "# " - & " > & " "" !6 " , " "& , " 2 > 8 " " ( " 2 "# 2 > " " 8 # - " 2 9 4 I 8 9 < - 9 2 9 2 ( "# ( 2 "# , 2 2 ! " " " "# 0+ !68
31. 31. 2 > " " " > ! " 8 " 2 " " "& " ) ! - & " " & ! ) \$ & " > & " "" ! " , " 8 "# 8 "# ( " 9 2> 8 " " ( " = " I "# ! - 2 " > 8 2 ( " " 2 > " " ( 2 " " ! "# ( ! " " "# " & ! ( & ( & " ( > & " / & "" ! , 2 " 2 8 9 < 2 2 " "& ( " ! "# ( # < ! "# 8 2 "# " > " " "# 0+ !61
32. 32. 2 " "& ( # ( 2 2 " ! "# > " 2 ! " " " "# !& ( & " " & " ( >( & " / & "" !6 2 " "& ( 2" 2 ( 4 2 " , " 6 2 "# "& ( , 2 " 2" 0+ !62
33. 33. + , , " " - " "# 8 ( , " "= " , 2 ) 9 D " 8 ( + 8 "9 , "= " ! "# ( " 9 " 2 " 2 # " 2 " ! "# ( > + , , " D F @ " "# ! "# 8 "& ( F < ( # 2 " 2 , " ( ! "# F + > " 2 " " ! "# ( 8 " 8 " 2 " 2 8 > F + 2 " " 2 " " > ( 0+ !69
34. 34. F " # < 2 # " " ! "#>F > , " < 2 4 " ",F " , + , " " 8 " " ( , 2 8 # " 8 " ( :" ,-F 1 " > " " " " 0+ !6:
35. 35. & ) ! ( & " ( &! ( & " ? ! ( / ! & ! ( & " ( -6 > : > " 8 22 , " , - 8 "4 / * 7 6 ( 7 \$ **86 ( (6 ( 7 \$ 0\$ 8 " " 4" :8 2 > 2 D F - ( 2 2 " " 2 " - 2 8 2 2 ( , F " 2 ( 2 "# - 8# 2 - ( 2 ( "# 2 > ( " > " & ( " - F 2 ( , " "# ( 2 " ( # > " " ( 9 2 " 2 " " " "# F 2 "# 9 " " "# > ( " "# " " ( # 2 > " ( 2 ", " " "# F " 9 " " "# C " " 9 > 2 < ( 2 " > " , " " 0+ !74
36. 36. >F ! 2 I > ( 2 , ( 2 9 > , ( 2 ( "& ( 8 4 " 8 C" 8 " ( " ,,F + 2 2 ( " 2 , " " " ( 9 9 2 8 " " "# > 2 9 9 " " 2& ! @ ( & " ( &! ( & " ? ! ( / ! & ! ( & " ( -6 - 2 > 8 " " ( D F , " " "# 8 2 " 2 2 "# - 8 " " ( > # 2 < ( " - 8 " " ( F " 2 # < ( # " 8 8 "# 82 ( " ( 9 < 8 4 " #& 2 " " " , " 82 " 2 ( #, 2 # " 6 ( 7 \$ **86 ( 0+ !73
37. 37. F " ( > , " ( # " 4 > < " " " #& + , 8 , " " "# 8 > ( F , ( , , , , 8 2 " 2 ( " 8 " " " ( , " F ! " , 2 " " 8 " " 8 8 8 , , " " , 9 " " " "# 2 " ">F " " " "# 2 " 8 2 " "# ( " 8 - " 2: 8 > " "# &,F " 2 " #& 2 " " " "# " " 8 , " 8 2 " ( , " ( " "# " " ( -F " " "# 8 2 > ( 2 I > 8 2 " ( 2 # > - I ( " 0+ !75
38. 38. ! - & " ( ( & ( ! ( & ! * (6 , " 8 9 2 " # ( , " , " ( " " " 2 "# 8 2 = # , 9 2 I 2 8 9 = " ( 2 = , " " " F 1 2 " 2 " , " F ! 2 J 2 > " " " , > F " "> " = ! "# + , ,: = F " " ( " 2 " " > 0+ !76
39. 39. ! ( ! & " ( \$ & ! * / ( \$ &* " , " , " 8 " " "> 2 > 8 " " 9 2 , : " ! "#+ , " , " " " 2 , " 6 ( 7\$ 0\$! " , " , " "= , O " " " G " "# 6 2 "# 9 - , # 8 9 2 " ( " " < , "! "# ( + , "& " 8 2 " 8 > " ! " " " "# 8 ( " , " , " " O " " " G " "# 6 " , " D 0+ !77
40. 40. 2 2 > > 2 " 2 " " K " " F " , " ! "# ( + , 8 2 I 2 2 "# " " K! F " 2 : " : " " " "# 8 9 - " " " ( , " 2 "# G " "# 6 8 > 6 ( 7\$ 0\$ ( , " , " ! "# (+ , > " " " G " "# 6 8 2 2 2 > " " ! "# " " "4 " " " "# 8 2 , " 8 " 2 " " > 2 > 8 " " , " " " "# " - # , " " 0+ !78
41. 41. ! , " ! "# ( + , = 2 G " "# 6 2 , " D > - - " " 9 > < 2 , " " " " , " ! "# (E + , 8 > " 2! , " 6 ( 7 \$ 0\$ 8 2 " ! "# > " 8 ! " " " "# 8 > G " "# 6 2 "# " " 2 , " ! "# ( + , 8 " " 2 "# 0+ !71
42. 42. ! ! ( - & " ( - & &! ( & " " ( \$ & * ( " 2 " " " "# " " , 82 # " # " ( "! A 2 2 2 " " " "# " " : 9 " 9 C, 2 " , " ! "# (+ , ( 2 "= " " , , 8 " 2 ( " 5 - 6 2 " " " "# " " 8 > ! "# > 2 I "# " " 8 "= , > " 29 4 > < I 0+ !72
43. 43. 26 2 " " "# " " ( 2 = , " D F 2 4 I "# " " F " " "# 2 " - 2 " F " " "> "# "# "# " " F " 2" 2 > ( F 2 " > " > I > < I 0+ !79