The 2012 Claremont International Jain Conference ; Bioethics - Religious & Spiritual Approaches-2Presentation Transcript
Bioethics Eastern Perspective Part 2
Bioethics Eastern Bioethics• Buddhist bioethics is characterized by a naturalistic outlook.• Natural law in Buddhism is slightly different from Aristotle’s view in that it includes reincarnation and presupposes less pronounced differences between human and non-human life. Buddhist ethics attempts to:• Apply ancient Buddhist philosophy to current problems• Apply thought that originated in an Eastern context to problems that have largely arisen in the West, due to technological developments• Apply religious beliefs and values to scientific and secular contexts
Bioethics Eastern Bioethics• A Sikh approach to bioethics stems from a deeply religious sense of social responsibility.• Sikhism emerged in the Punjab, which was populated by both Hindus and Muslims.• Guru Nanak proposed a new social order that was not based on sectarian differences, but on devotion to God who was pervasive in all people regardless of race, class, caste, or gender. The universe and its inhabitants are all an aspect of God’s truth.• Thus Sikh ethics derive from devotion to the creation, personal discipline, and political unity. The purpose of life is to realize God within the world, through the daily practices of work, worship, and charity, and sacrificing love.
Bioethics Eastern Bioethics• Hinduism shares with other religious traditions a positive attitude toward medicine and the healing arts, but it is distinctive in that it has its own indigenous system of medicine with written manuals that comment on health issues.• Hindu bioethics flows from three basic principles of Hindu philosophy:• Transcendent character of human life expressed through principles of quality and sanctity of life• The duty to preserve and guard individual and communal health• The duty to address imbalance in the processes of nature that threaten the well-being of human and nonhuman life.
Bioethics Bioethical Issues• Abortion • Infertility (Treatments)• Artificial Insemination • Life support• Artificial Womb • Life Extension• Assisted Suicide • Organ Donation• Blood/blood plasma (Trade) • Population Control• Cloning • Procreative Beneficence• Contraception • Procreative Liberty• Euthanasia (human, animal) • Sperm & eggs (Donation)• Gene Therapy • Stem cell• Human Cloning • Suicide• Human Genetic Engineering • Surrogacy
Bioethics List of Bioethicists• Abdulaziz Sachedina• Arthur Caplan• Barnard Nethanson• Damien Keown• James Hughes• James Rachels• John Robertson• Joseph Fletcher• Julian Savulescu• Leon Kass• Peter Singer• Ruth Faden
Bioethics Western Bioethics• Aristotle equates ethical to being good and being good is to become virtuous.• Aristotle describes virtue as “Virtue of course meaning moral virtue or excellence, for it has to do with passions and actions”.
Bioethics Jain Bioethics• In Jainism virtues are not limited to becoming good but are also helpful in spiritual pursuit leading to liberation – moksha.• Though Jainism originated in pre historical, pre modern, pre-technological era, implied from these foundations and moral doctrines we can draw inferences relating to advances in medicine, as there are no direct guidelines described in scriptures.
Bioethics Jain Bioethics AHIMSA PERMO DHRAMA• The cardinal virtue of Jainism ahimsa (do no harm) should be the basic guide line for understanding Jain view relating to bioethics.• It is the motivation or the thought process behind, rather than the actual act that is deciding factor.
Bioethics Jain BioethicsSocial, Personal and Spiritual Ethics or Virtues in Jainism• All the virtues are based on the principal of nonviolence.• In Jainism same virtues are described with different levels for deferent levels of spirituals persuade (major and minor vows).• Rather than separating virtues of body, speech and mind all virtues need to be followed with body, speech and mind.
Bioethics Jain Bioethics Virtues for House Holders (Minor Vows)• Non-Violence• Non-Stealing• Truthfulness• Limiting Possessions• Limited celibacy (No Adultery)
Bioethics Questions to address?• When does life begin, and when does it end?• When is the quality of life so compromised that doctors should cease further interventions?• What is informed consent?• What constraints should apply to research on human subjects?• And, above all, how can the sanctity of life be preserved?
BioethicsClaremont International Jain Conference Keynote Speakers for August 24-25 2012• Dr. Cromwell Crawford (Univ. of Hawaii),• Dr. Brian Cummings (Univ. of California),• Dr. James Hughes (Trinity College, CT),• D.K. Bobra, M.D.
BioethicsClaremont International Jain Conference Paper Presenters for August 24-25 2012 • Predrag Cicovack • Inderpal Kochar • Brianne Donaldson • Seth Clark • Jain, Subhash C • Whitney Braun • Robert Hesse • Ram Agarwal • Peteet, John Ray • Chris Chapple • Surendra Pokharn • Shugan Jain
Bioethics Conference DetailsPlenary sessions take place in Mudd Auditorium, ClaremontLincoln University, 1325 N. College Ave., Claremont, CA 91711(on the campus of Claremont School of Theology).There is an inexpensive registration fee and a discount forstudents. Early registration at a reduced rate will close on July15th.All meals at the conference will be creative and tasty Jainvegetarian/vegan fare.Register Here
Bioethics Travel and Hotel InformationAIRPORTSOntario International Airport (ONT) is 15 minutes from Claremont. Taxis areavailable outside the baggage area (approx. $20-25 for a ride to campus) or youcan book a shuttle here.Los Angeles International Airport is 50 miles from Claremont. During peak traffichours (7am-9am; 3pm-6pm), this can be a very lengthy ride. You can book a shuttlehere.HOTELSThe conference hotel is the Claremont DoubleTree, 555 W. Foothill Blvd. inClaremont; (909) 626-2411. You can make reservations (at a reduced rate) at theJain Conference Group Page. The DoubleTree Hotel is 0.5 miles from campus, or a10-minute walk.Other accommodations can be found at Hotel Claremont; (909) 621-4831 (3 milesfrom campus) or Casa 425; (866) 450-0425 (in Claremont Village, 1.3 miles fromcampus). There are also lodgings in nearby cities.
Bioethics August 24th and 25th , 2012 Venue: Claremont Lincoln University Mudd Auditorium, 1325 N. College Avenue, Claremont CA 91711 Co-Sponsored by:Claremont Lincoln University, the International School for Jain Studies, Jain Center of Southern California, and the Federation of Jain Associations in North America (JAINA)