What is Interviewing?
interaction between yourself and an
employer to determine whether or not a
Remember…the interview is a mutual
exchange of information. You are
interviewing a possible employer as much
as they are interviewing you.
Four Stages of an Interview
interview begins BEFORE you are
asked the first question.
upon arrival, be courteous to everyone you
there may be a warm-up person in the
waiting area or someone to walk you to the
about the company or weather
Avoid conversations about politics & religion
heart of the interview
can last about 20-45 minutes
be asked how you heard of the job
for marketing purposes
Your opportunity to sell yourself!
questions that you have prepared
that have NOT been answered.
Thank each interviewer saying his/her
name and shake hands.
Collect business cards.
a thank you within 2 days
will have the correct spelling and
address/email of the recruiters from the
business cards that you collected. If you
don’t, call the receptionist.
Want to “ace” your next interview?
Then make sure you are
Five Steps for a Successful
Research the employer and the salary
Know what to bring
Be aware of your speech mannerisms &
be conducted via:
the company website,
internet sources such as www.salary.com &
the Occupational Outlook Handbook
Information to note
Is Your GPS Working?
can’t be late for the interview. In
fact, plan on arriving 15 minutes before
the scheduled time.
good directions to the company.
Travel to the site before the interview to
determine the amount of travel time you
will need to allow.
Remember to travel at the same time of
day that the actual interview is scheduled.
Step 2: Know Yourself
answers to questions that you
Know if you are a morning or night person
& prepare accordingly
Know your resume and relevant
coursework inside out
An interview is a sales
your top three skills or
experiences (related to the job) –
something you can offer the employer
and other applicants can’t
Backup your claims - anyone can rattle
off a list of qualities that are needed for
the job but few can “back them up!”
You should . . .
actual stories from your previous
experiences that support your statements.
a “Career Portfolio” that can be
used during the interview.
Class project that is an example of your
List of references
Certifications, publications, etc.
Anything that will set you apart from the
be developed on-line through
Create an account on
Types & Settings of Interviews
Traditional Interview – Some
Tell me about yourself.
your education & experience
List strengths that tie into the job description
Keep it recent
Stay professional – no social stories please!
Why should I hire you?
parallels between the job description &
Illustrate specific examples from your resume
kind of experience have you had?
Include any professional experience that is
related including: full-time/part-time jobs,
internships, class work, research, and
me about your goals for the next 5 years
Show that you’ve researched career paths
Discuss your interest in professional
development so you can grow with the
Traditional Interview – More
are your strengths?
What are your weaknesses?
Why do you want to work for this
What are your strengths?
a few strengths – think of skills pulled
from experiences that relate to the
position you are interviewing for.
Excellent communication skills
What are your weaknesses?
this is not a time to confess
Always provide a weakness that can be
turned into a positive. For example:
“Computer work was never my strong
point but I’m taking a class to strengthen
Why do you want to work for
opportunity for you to relate your skills
to the company.
you can show that you are
interested in growing with the company.
is where your research comes into
look at past behavior to predict
your future success in the position.
The past is the most accurate prediction of
Many questions examine leadership,
teamwork, problem solving, and initiative.
If you don’t have relevant work experience,
you can refer to classes you have taken.
me how you handled a time when a
team member didn’t carry his/her weight.
Describe a major problem you faced and
how you handled it.
Tell me about a time when you failed at
something and how you handled the
Preparing for Behavioral
a recent situation that showed
action & be ready to talk in detail about
Be certain that your story has a
beginning, middle, and end.
Be ready to describe the outcome.
Be specific – provide details.
Be ready to answer questions about the
What took place?
What is the goal/objective?
What did you do?
STAR - illustrated
Elected VP of fundraising for
TASK: Raise money for end-of-the year
ACTION: Developed a game show where
all undergraduates could participate
RESULT: Raised $1500.00 and increased
membership by 15 students.
The Interview Close (part 1):
Do you have any questions?
can make or break the interview.
Asking questions demonstrates your level
of interest in the job. SO . . .
Develop intelligent questions from the
research that you did on the company.
Prepare a few standard questions that can
be used for all interviews such as: “Why is
the position available?”
DON’T ASK ABOUT SALARY OR BENEFITS!
Questions you can ask . . .
Whom would I report to?
Can you tell me more about …(something you
have learned in your research)?
What upcoming projects do you anticipate?
What happened to the previous incumbent?
Is there anything that we covered that would
hinder my chances of getting this job?
Develop Your “Close” (part 2)
this is a “sales” situation.
Successful salespeople know how to
effectively close the meeting to win the
Ask what the next step is
Find out when the decision will be made
Restate your interest and qualifications – be
interview is today and you have
nothing to wear! Check your wardrobe
out before the big day.
Dress professionally – business attire only!
Make certain that your clothes are neat,
clean, & pressed.
What to Wear
Conservatively colored suit, basic tie,
Little to no cologne
Take out any body piercings
Wear a watch
Cover all tattoos
No white socks!
What to Wear
Conservatively colored suit either pants suit
or skirt (Skirt should come to the knee)
Pantyhose and closed toe shoes
Minimal jewelry and make-up
Little to no perfume
Cover all tattoos
May want to pull back hair
WHAT TO BRING/NOT TO BRING
Bring . . .
List of References
Work examples (i.e.
Do NOT bring . . .
Family members or
& Nonverbal Behavior
Moderate speech rate
Minimize “ums” and “likes”
Avoid nervous habits (i.e. Nail biting)
Keep hands on table or lap
Maintain eye contact
Mirror body image of interviewer
Do not slouch
Practice Makes Perfect
is a key element of the
preparation. Get a sense of what an
interview is like by:
Participating in a mock interview through
InterviewPrep which is available on
an account on
Record your “interview” using video
(webcam), audio or both.
Some final tips . . .
The day before, confirm the time, location, &
name of the recruiter
Tell the truth
Speak well of others
Maintain good eye contact
Ask appropriate questions
Turn off your cell phone!
Don’t act bored
Find out what the next step in the process is
Close with a smile, a handshake, & a thank-you!
• To earn the point for viewing this Power Point, please
email your response to the following questions:
• List three examples of “traditional” interview questions.
• What is the “STAR” technique and what is it used for?
• Email your response to firstname.lastname@example.org
and indicate “BUGN – Interviews 101” in the subject line.
• Due: December 4, 2013
• Questions: Please call: 973-655-6965