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Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE
 

Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE

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Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE

Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE

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Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE Three Rules for Using A, AN and THE Presentation Transcript

  • Three Rules When to use a, an or the Image courtesy of (www.bridgesconsultancy.com)
  • BEFORE YOU BEGIN 1. The word the is used before a noun with a specific meaning. 2. The word a or an is used before a noun with a general meaning. 3. For a noun with a general meaning, the plural form can be used instead of a or an.
  • the = specific meaning The boy in the picture is smiling. However, the boys in the left corner are angry.
  • a or an = general meaning A boy is a young male human being. Any young male human is a boy.
  • Plural = general meaning In many societies around the world, boys are expected not to cry when they become men or when they are considered as adults.
  • a, an, plural = general meaning A boy is a young male human being. In my society, only boys cry. A man who cries is considered weak. Men who are strong are never seen to cry in public.
  • the = specific meaning In my society, only girls and boys cry. However, boys that never cry are considered strong. The boy who cries is considered to be like a girl.
  • a, an, plural = general meaning In my society, only girls and boys cry. However, a boy who never cries is considered strong. Boys who cry are considered to be like a girl.
  • ONE MORE TIME 1. The word the is used before a noun with a specific meaning. 2. The word a or an is used before a noun with a general meaning. 3. For a noun with a general meaning, the plural form can be used instead of a or an.
  • Three Rules How to use a, an or the Image courtesy of (www.bridgesconsultancy.com)
  • SUMMARY 1. When mentioning a noun for the first time, use a or an. At next mention (2nd, 3rd, etc. time), use the. 2. When a noun is described specifically, use the. 3. When you and your receiver know the noun you are talking about, use the.
  • RULE 1
  • RULE 1 When mentioning a noun for the first time, use a or an. At next mention (2nd, 3rd, etc. time), use the.
  • 1ST MENTION 2ND MENTION
  • 1ST MENTION
  • 1ST MENTION
  • 2ND MENTION
  • 2ND MENTION
  • 1ST MENTION 2ND MENTION Mothers can follow five steps in a visual poster that shows how to create a cold lotion. Since the poster is for illiterate mothers, pictures can show how the cold lotion looks like.
  • RULE 2
  • RULE 2 When a noun is described specifically or has one specific meaning, use the.
  • RULE 2 the we use when there is only one of something
  • RULE 2 I’m the leader of this group.
  • RULE 2 the You could be next winner of our singing competition.
  • RULE 2 Control of insect bites among the AiU student population.
  • RULE 2 Use of the Divine Command Principle to Lessen Plagiarism
  • RULE 3
  • RULE 3 When you and your receiver (listener, reader or audience) know what you are talking about, use the.
  • RULE 3 May I turn on the TV?
  • RULE 3 Where’s Mary? She’s in the kitchen.
  • however, there are some special uses of a/an and the
  • 4 Exceptions TO THE THREE RULES Image courtesy of (www.bridgesconsultancy.com)
  • EXCEPTION 1 we use the with musical instruments
  • EXCEPTION 1 the guitar. Jane plays the violin. I play
  • a or an = general meaning I can play a guitar = I can play any guitar. Jane can play a piano = She can play any piano.
  • EXCEPTION 2 a an we use or with prices, frequency and speeds
  • EXCEPTION 2 prices It costs 2 dollars a liter
  • EXCEPTION 2 frequency I drink about three bottles of water a day
  • EXCEPTION 2 speeds You’re traveling at ninety miles an hour
  • EXCEPTION 3 a an we use or before hundred, thousand, and million
  • EXCEPTION 3 a hundred people a thousand days
  • EXCEPTION 4 a an we use or for talking about jobs, occupations or careers
  • EXCEPTION 4 I’m a bank manager
  • BACK TO RULE 2
  • RULE 2 When a noun is described specifically or has one specific meaning, use the.
  • RULE 2 the we use when there is only one of something
  • EXCEPTION 4 I’m a bank manager
  • RULE 2 I’m the bank manager here.
  • ONE MORE TIME Use a or an with • hundred, thousand, million • jobs, occupations, careers
  • ONE MORE TIME Use the with • musical instruments • prices • speeds • frequency • speeds
  • and ... ONE MORE TIME Nouns with specific meanings • Use the before the noun.
  • and ... ONE MORE TIME Nouns with general meanings • Use a or an before the noun, or • Use the plural form.
  • and ... THE LAST ONE Use a or an • When mentioning a noun the first time.
  • and ... THE LAST ONE Use the • At next mention of the noun • When a noun is described specifically • When you and your audience know the noun you are talking about
  • END OF PRESENTATION Send comments or suggestions to mr.jaime.aiu@gmail.com THANK YOU
  • Reference Coe, N., Harrison, M. And Paterson K. (2006). Basic with Answers. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.