How to Fix That Problem Statement

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How to Fix That Problem Statement

  1. 1. How to Fix that Problem Statement A QUICK GUIDE Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  2. 2. Contents 01. LOGIC: Easily understood and logically clear meaning 02. CLARITY: One complete sentence with no errors 03. DIFFICULTY: A topic that can be at college-level 04. OUTPUT: A clear product for grading 05. VIABILITY: Doable before deadline 06. BENEFICIARY: Exactly who will benefit from proposal 07. URGENCY: Beneficiary need is convincingly urgent 08. NEED: Beneficiary need is quantified 09. RELEVANCE: What beneficiaries must do to meet needs 10. OBJECTIVITY: Measurable verbs and nouns 11. ORIGINALITY: Use of elements of originality 12. PROOF (Bonus): Use of authoritative support 13. ASSESSMENT RUBRIC: Use this when submitting your new problem statement 14. DOWNLOADABLES: List of references for free download FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  3. 3. NEXT 01. LOGIC Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  4. 4. 01 Logic • A logical statement is sensible or reasonable. • The statement is clear and easy for a reader to understand • The ideas make sense to the reader • If you completed Quiz 2, you will have a good idea about the logical fallacies that should not be present in your problem statement. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  5. 5. UniLearning, 2000 Sevastoupolous, 2013 Example: Draft I’ll create the posters to inform the Albukhary International University about one of the famous festival of Myanmar, Tanggyi Balloon Festival to know about the traditional and culture of Myanmar. Gaertner-Johnston, 2006 Anon., n.d. Towson University, 2013 References Anon. (n.d.). One of the Plural or Singular? Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.englishforums.com/English/OneOfThePluralOrSingular/ghvkk/post.htm Gaertner-Johnston, L. 2006. “Don't Use Contractions?” Paragraph 4. In Business Writing. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.businesswritingblog.com/business_writing/2006/04/dont_use_contra.html Sevastoupolous, J. (2013). Second Mention Practice: Referring to identified nouns. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/art2.html Towson University. (2013). Usage - Subject-Verb Agreement, Item #10-B. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.towson.edu/ows/sub-verb.htm UniLearning. (2000). Checklist of language to avoid in academic writing. Paragraph 1. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://unilearning.uow.edu.au/academic/2e.html FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  6. 6. Example: Corrected text I will create posters about the Tanggyi Balloon Festival in Myanmar to increase the cultural knowledge of students in Albukhary International University. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  7. 7. Example: Corrected text I will create posters about the Tanggyi Balloon Festival in Myanmar to increase the cultural knowledge of students from various countries who are now in Albukhary International University. This can explain why there is a need of the target beneficiaries. However, this does not indicate an urgency of the need. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  8. 8. Example (improved) I will create posters about the Tanggyi Balloon Festival of Myanmar (Gandawun Shwe Bagan, 2001) to increase the cultural knowledge (NSW Government, Education and Communities, 2013) of scholars from various countries who are now in Albukhary International University (AiU, 2012). References AiU ( Albukhary International University). (2012). Albukhary Foundation Malaysia, para. 4. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.aiu.edu.my/albukhary-foundation-malaysia/ Gandawun Shwe Bagan. (2001). “Baloon Festival” in Taunggyi - Shan State. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://myanmartravel.org/shan-state/taunggyi.html NSW Government, Education and Communities.(2013). "Understanding racism" in The importance of culture, language and identity. Available online 15 Nov 2015 at http://www.racismnoway.com.au/about-racism/understanding/culture-languageidentity.html FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  9. 9. NEXT 02. CLARITY Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  10. 10. 02: Clarity The sentence must be clear and easy for a reader to understand. Suggested quick solutions: ask someone to review your English before you submit for grading. • If you are in Group 01, Mr. Yusuf Saleh Lubama Demuna from the Philippines (yusuf.saleh.demuna@gmail.com) might be willing to help if you ask nicely. • If you are in Group 05, Mr. Ali Ahmad Hamud Hossen from Mauritius (ali.ahmad.hossen.aiu@gmail.com) might be willing to help if you ask nicely or politely. • If you are in Group 10, Mr. Abdihamid Osman Mohamed from Somalia (mr.abdihamid.osman@gmail.com) might be willing to help if you ask nicely, politely or formally. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  11. 11. Example: Draft In three week, I would contribute an information poster to share on Kachin People’s traditional festival called Manaw and its poles which is similar to the totem poles of North American Indian and analyzing between the two cultures why they are similar with their poles. Brockway, H. L. (2011). ‘That’ vs. ‘Which’: Easy tips for determining when to use each word at http://www.prdaily.com/Main/Articles/That_vs_Which_Easy_tips_for_determining_when_t o_us_8522.aspx FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  12. 12. Example: Corrected text In three weeks, I will create an information poster that analyzes the similarities between the traditional Manaw festival poles in North Myanmar and the Indian totem poles in North America. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  13. 13. Example (improved) In three weeks, I will create an information poster that analyzes the similarities between the traditional Manaw festival poles in North Myanmar (Myanmars.net, 2012) and the Indian totem poles in North America (Legends of America, 2013). References Legends of America. (2013). Native American Totems and Their Meanings. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.legendsofamerica.com/natotems.html Myanmars.net.(2012). Kachin Manaw Festival. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.myanmars.net/myanmar-culture/kachin-manawfestival.htm FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  14. 14. References for Clarity Correct Sentence: Slides 64 to 65, 70 to 71, 73 in Problem Statement 12 (Proof) - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12proof-use-of-authoritative-support-how-to-usetheory Tentative Language: Slides 105 to 107 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/prewriting-how-to-write-a-cluster-outline-fromproblem-statement-to-research-paper FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  15. 15. NEXT 03. DIFFICULTY Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  16. 16. 03: Difficulty It is suggested that you This series of actions can give you a PASS grade for • Find websites that [is related to / can support / add details • 03 Difficulty (if the source can to] an idea in your sentence help indicate your use of highlevel cognitive thinking) • Select a website [with APA information / looks like a • 07 Urgency (if the source dependable source / looks like shows an urgent or critical an authority on the topic / situation) looks like a neutral or • 11 Original Input (if the unbiased source] source is proof that you can • Copy the website address connect unrelated or unconnected ideas) • Insert an in-text citation right after that idea in your • 12 Proof (if the source has sentence complete APA information / looks dependable, • Hyperlink the in-text citation authoritative, neutral or not to the website address biased) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  17. 17. Example: Draft In three week, I would create an information poster to persuade on Myanmar people to eat healthy food and not eating on spices foods like fish paste is causing cancer nowadays. Koltain, A. (2013). Will vs Would. Available online at http://www.myenglishteacher.eu/blog/english-grammar-will-vs-would-withgreat-examples/ FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  18. 18. Example: Corrected text In three weeks, I will create an information poster to persuade the Myanmar to stop eating fish paste as this may cause cancer. Anon., (n.d.). Are people from myanmar called myanmarese or myanmese? Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Are_people_from_myanmar_cal led_myanmarese_or_myanmese FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  19. 19. Example (improved) In three weeks, I will create an information poster to persuade the Myanmar to stop eating fish paste (Fish paste, n.d.) as this may cause cancer (Eleven, 2013; Nyein, 2013). References Eleven. (2013). Thumbs Down on Poisoned Food. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://elevenmyanmar.com/editorial/3382-thumbs-down-on-poisonedfood. Nyein, N. (2013). “Burma’s Food Safety Agency Finds Urea in Fish Paste Sample” in The Irrawady. Available online at http://www.irrawaddy.org/burma/burmas-food-safety-agency-finds-ureafish-paste-sample.html Fish paste. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Available online 15 Nov 2013 at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_paste FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  20. 20. NEXT 04. SPECIFIC OUTPUT Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  21. 21. 04 Specific Output • For practice, you are to describe a poster that you can produce in three weeks. This is an estimate of the time available to you. • We begin with a poster because it can be easily repurposed into a slideshow. On the other hand, a slideshow may not be so easy to change into a poster. • Describe concisely how the poster looks like so that the reader can visualize it: the words, pictures, arrangement, colors, sources. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  22. 22. 04 Specific Output You can present any two of these: •A proposal poster •A theory slideshow •A promotion / attention poster •An instruction poster •An information poster FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  23. 23. Example 1: Draft I will make a poster... Example 1 (correction) I will submit an A3-sized promotion poster with seven pictures from the Internet, each picture with English and French words below. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  24. 24. Example 2: Draft I will present an instruction poster on how to bake bread without a gas oven. Example 2 (correction) I will create an instruction poster with 12 pictures showing the 12 steps of baking wheat bread without a gas oven. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  25. 25. Example 3: Draft I will share an information slideshow to show the major differences between... Example 3 (correction) Within one week, I can submit a draft of an information poster that can demonstrate the 12 major differences between... FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  26. 26. Example 4: Draft I will create the PowerPoint about... Example 4 (correction) In three days, I will present a draft of a poster with 15 pictures and ... FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  27. 27. References for Output Output: From Slide 2 of Research proposal 1 Problem Statement to Thesis Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/resea rch-proposal-1-problem-statement-to-thesisstatement FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  28. 28. References for Poster Presentation The Project Poster at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/theproject-poster How to create a Poster at http://www.slideshare.net/michaelschmidtuk/posterhow-to-create-a-poster?from_search=2 Pulling Off A Poster Presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/jeffloo/poster-5679812 Creating a Research (or Scientific) Poster in PowerPoint at http://www.slideshare.net/jerroddietrich/creatingresearch-posters Poster Presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/FredRoberts/posterpresentation-11546854 FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  29. 29. NEXT 05. VIABILITY Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  30. 30. 05 Viability You will present a proposal in about 3 weeks. Note that, at the same time, you must complete 3 quizzes, a set of career documents, a formal meeting, and an electronic portfolio. During the end part of the semester, you will also have required coursework in other subjects, final exams, and other activities. That’s why you need to plan a viable idea. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  31. 31. Example See the examples under Specific Output. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  32. 32. References for Viability See: From Slide 79 in Problem Statement 11 Original Input Use of elements of originality at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problemstatement-11-original-input-use-of-elements-oforiginality See: From Slide 52 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-4-sample-thesis-statement-and-proposalsummary See: From Slides 79 to 80 of Problem Statement 11 Original Input - Use of elements of originality at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problemstatement-11-original-input-use-of-elements-oforiginality FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  33. 33. NEXT 06. TARGET BENEFICIARY Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  34. 34. 06 Target Beneficiary The target beneficiary is a group of persons with a need or a problem. The target beneficiary’s need or problem should be urgent or critical. The proposal should be directly related to meeting the need or solving the problem. For the proposal to be specifically targeted to the need or problem, the beneficiary should be described with specific characteristics. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  35. 35. Example: Draft In three weeks I will design an information poster with 5 pictures created by me in English and Pashto about enhancing the Afghan people education in applying uniform, assigning highly qualified teachers suitable for students for having high quality education. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  36. 36. Example: Corrected Target Beneficiary In three weeks I will design an information poster in English and Pashto, with 5 original pictures, to show three ways to enhance teenage learning so that high school principals and teachers in Kabul can deliver high quality education. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  37. 37. Example (improved) In three weeks I will design an information poster in English and Pashto, with 5 original pictures, to show three ways to enhance teenage learning (Department of Education, 2013) so that high school principals and teachers in Kabul can deliver high quality education (Education International, 2013; USAID, 2013). References Department of Education, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. (2013). "The Adolescent Learner" in Adolescence: Healthy Lifestyles. Available 15 Nov 2013 at http://www.ed.gov.nl.ca/edu/k12/curriculum/guides/health/adolescence/leaner.pdf Education International (2013). Afghanistan, in Education in Crisis. Available 15 Nov 2013 at http://educationincrisis.net/country-profiles/asia-pacific/item/551-afghanistan USAID (2013). Education, paragraph 1. Available15 Nov 2013 at http://www.usaid.gov/afghanistan/education FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  38. 38. References for Target Beneficiary Target Beneficiary: From Slide 5 of Research proposal 1 Problem Statement to Thesis Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-1problem-statement-to-thesis-statement Target Beneficiary: From Slide 10 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-4sample-thesis-statement-and-proposal-summary Target Beneficiary: Problem Statement 06 BENEFICIARY - Who exactly will benefit from the proposal at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement-06beneficiary-who-exactly-will-benefit-from-the-proposal-28202219 Target Beneficiary: Slides 08 to 17 of Problem Statement 09 RELEVANCE What beneficiaries must do to meet the need at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement-09relevance-what-beneficiaries-must-do-to-meet-the-need FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  39. 39. References for Target Beneficiary General Reference: Problem Statement 06 BENEFICIARY - Who exactly will benefit from the proposal at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement06-beneficiary-who-exactly-will-benefit-from-the-proposal28202219 Target Beneficiary: From Slide 5 of Research proposal 1 Problem Statement to Thesis Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-1problem-statement-to-thesis-statement Beneficiary & Benefits: From Slide 10 of Research Proposal 4 Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-4sample-thesis-statement-and-proposal-summary Beneficiary: Slides 08 to 17 of Problem Statement 09 RELEVANCE What beneficiaries must do to meet the need at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement09-relevance-what-beneficiaries-must-do-to-meet-the-need FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  40. 40. NEXT 07. URGENCY Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  41. 41. 07 Urgency • In writing a proposal for a project or a research paper, there should be a beneficiary with a need or a problem situation • The need or problem situation should look or seem urgent. • If the urgency is not clear, add a hyperlinked reference to an online source that can prove the urgency. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  42. 42. Example: Draft I will create a poster of 5 cartoon pictures in Bislama and English translation showing the effects of deforestation so that the people in my country especially adults and teenagers will see and plant trees to prevent deforestation. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  43. 43. Example: Sources showing urgency FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  44. 44. Example: Sources showing urgency FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  45. 45. Example (improved) I will create a poster of 5 cartoon pictures in Bislama and English translation showing the effects of deforestation (World Wide Fund For Nature, n.d.) so that the people in my country especially adults and teenagers will see and plant trees to prevent deforestation (Mongabay, n.d.). References Mongabay, (n.d.). Vanuatu: Production, trade and consumption of forest products, 2002. Available online 17 Nov 2013 at http://rainforests.mongabay.com/deforestation/archive/Vanuatu.htm World Wide Fund For Nature, (n.d.). What are the effects of deforestation? Available online 17 Nov 2013 at http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/about_forests/deforestation/ FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  46. 46. References for Urgency Urgency: From Slide 08 of Research Proposal 0 - How to Write the Problem Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-0-how-to-write-the-problem-statement Urgency: Slides 29 to 43 of Problem Statement 06 BENEFICIARY Who exactly will benefit from the proposal at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problemstatement-06-beneficiary-who-exactly-will-benefit-from-theproposal-28202219 Urgency: From Slide 30 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-4-sample-thesis-statement-and-proposal-summary FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  47. 47. NEXT 08. SPECIFIC NEED Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  48. 48. 08 Beneficiary Need is Quantified To quantify is to count or measure a quantity (number or volume). The beneficiary’s need (or required beneficiary’s action to meet that need) should be countable, measurable, or quantifiable. For example: • Beneficiary’s Need: Keep clean a hostel room • Measurable ideas for that need – ten minutes a day – four areas in each room – five scholars for each floor – three days a week – one demerit for .... FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  49. 49. Example: Draft I will create the instruction poster in three weeks with English language and 5 pictures about keeping cleanness to save lives to realize the cleanness of AiU students and staffs at Albukhary International University. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  50. 50. Example: Corrected specific need In three weeks, I will create an English language instruction poster with 5 pictures to show how a student at Albukhary International University can clean a hostel room in 10 minutes. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  51. 51. Example: Corrected Specific Need In three weeks, I will create an English language instruction poster with 5 pictures to show how one student at Albukhary International University can clean a hostel bathroom in five steps and in no more than 10 minutes. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  52. 52. References for Specific Needs Specific Need: From Slide 6 of Research Proposal 1 - Problem Statement to Thesis Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-1-problem-statement-to-thesis-statement FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  53. 53. NEXT 09. RELEVANCE Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  54. 54. 09 Relevance In this document, the word Relevance means Required Action. The phrase required action refers to what the beneficiary must do to meet the need or solve the problem. • For easier writing of a relevant proposal, there should be specific and quantifiable or measurable need. • Then, the required action should be quantifiable or measurable. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  55. 55. Example See the example under Specific Need. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  56. 56. References for Required Action Required Action: Slides 18 to 27 of Problem Statement 09 RELEVANCE - What beneficiaries must do to meet the need at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problemstatement-09-relevance-what-beneficiaries-must-do-tomeet-the-need FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  57. 57. NEXT 10. OBJECTIVITY Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  58. 58. 10 Objectivity When writing the problem statement, • Use nouns, as these can usually be measured • Use verbs, as these can usually be measured • Avoid adjectives, as they are mostly unmeasurable • Avoid adverbs, as they are mostly unmeasurable FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  59. 59. Example “... delicious food that is very attractive to tourists...” adjective adverb adjective Correction countable “... seven flavors of curry that can attract tourists verb noun FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  60. 60. 10 Objectivity When writing the problem statement, • Being objective is to be neutral, that is, to allow the possibility of error. • A proposal should, like a thesis, be open to any possibility, whether positive or a negative. • Use modal verbs, as these can mean that a statement may be either right or wrong • Use modal verbs, as these can indicate a neutral or professional tone • Unless you are expressing certainty, avoid lexical verbs, as these can indicate a definite position or opinion. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  61. 61. NEXT 11. ORIGINAL INPUT Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  62. 62. 11 Original Input There are at least three ways to indicate original input in your problem statement: 1. Never done before (details) 2. Cannot be found on any website or in any source 3. Never written before by any one FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  63. 63. 11 Original Input 1. Never done before • Your idea is to be used in a specific place for the first time • Your idea is to be used in a specific language for the first time • Your idea is to be used with specific target beneficiaries for the first time • Your idea is to be used in combination with a specific idea for the first time • Your idea is to be used with a different element for the first time • Your idea is to be used in a specific context for the first time • Your idea is to be used for the first time to solve a specific problem or to meet a specific need FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  64. 64. Example: Draft I will create an information poster to show AiU officials why a washing machine is important to students. Correction: Never done before I will create an information poster to show AiU officials how five (5) coin-slot washing machines in the student hostels can save the University at least US$12,000 per year. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  65. 65. Example: Draft I will create an instruction poster with 10 cartoons and Thai-English words to teach elementary students in Yala how to speak English in 5 easy steps. Correction: Never done before I will create an activity poster with 10 cartoons that allows elementary students in Yala to use Thai and English letters to write the sounds of 5 English words a day. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  66. 66. References for Original Input Original Input: From Slide 80 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-4sample-thesis-statement-and-proposal-summary Original Input: From Slide 23 of Research Proposal 0 - How to Write the Problem Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-0-howto-write-the-problem-statement Original Input: Slides 7 and 17 of It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copy-fromthe-internet-what-you-must-know Original Input: Slides 66 to 70 of It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copy-from-theinternet-what-you-must-know Original Input: Slides 80 to 65 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/pre-writing-how-to-writea-cluster-outline-from-problem-statement-to-research-paper FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  67. 67. NEXT 12. PROOF Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  68. 68. 12 Proof This requirement helps you prove to the teacher that you have the ability to find and use appropriate information to support your ideas. You can support your ideas with sources that: • Repeat your ideas • Agree with your ideas • Add details to your ideas • Add new information to your ideas FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  69. 69. 12 Proof Students with more advanced thinking and writing skills can support ideas with sources that: • Disagree with their ideas • Partly disproves their ideas • Completely opposes their ideas Such students can use these negative proofs by providing persuasive counter-arguments that support their original ideas. FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  70. 70. References for Proof How to Use Proof: Slides 18 to 23, 27 and 31 of It’s OK to Copy What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copy-fromthe-internet-what-you-must-know How to Use Proof: From Slide 19 of Problem Statement 12 (Proof) Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proof-use-ofauthoritative-support-how-to-use-theory How to Use Proof: From Slide 81 of Problem Statement 12 (Proof) Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proof-use-ofauthoritative-support-how-to-use-theory How to Use Proof: From Slide 19 of Problem Statement 12 (Proof) Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proof-use-ofauthoritative-support-how-to-use-theory FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  71. 71. References for Proof How to Use Proof: How to Integrate Theory Support in Your Paper at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/how-to-integrate-theorysupport-in-your-paper How to Use Proof: Slides 34, 40 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-4sample-thesis-statement-and-proposal-summary How to Use Proof: From Slide 75 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-4sample-thesis-statement-and-proposal-summary How to Use Proof: Slides 87 to 88 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/pre-writing-how-towrite-a-cluster-outline-from-problem-statement-to-research-paper FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  72. 72. References for Proof How to Explain a Theory: Slides 31 to 34 of Problem Statement 12 PROOF - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proofuse-of-authoritative-support-how-to-use-theory How to Explain a Theory: Slides 80 to 104 of Problem Statement 12 PROOF - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proofuse-of-authoritative-support-how-to-use-theory How to Find More Theories: Slides 78 to 79 of Problem Statement 12 PROOF - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proofuse-of-authoritative-support-how-to-use-theory FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  73. 73. NEXT 13. ASSESSMENT RUBRIC Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  74. 74. ASSESSMENT RUBRIC: STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM From Notepad, insert your one-sentence problem statement here – if this box begins to expand, then your statement is too long – you can cut by removing words that do not affect the core meaning. A* A B C PASS FAIL 01. LOGIC: Easily understood and logically clear meaning A* A B C PASS FAIL 02. CLARITY: One complete sentence with no errors A* A B C PASS FAIL 03. DIFFICULTY: A topic that can be at college-level A* A B C PASS FAIL 04. OUTPUT: A clear product for grading A* A B C PASS FAIL 05. VIABILITY: The proposed output is doable before deadline A* A B C PASS FAIL 06. BENEFICIARY: Exactly who will benefit from proposal A* A B C PASS FAIL 07. URGENCY: Beneficiary need is convincingly urgent A* A B C PASS FAIL 08. NEED: Beneficiary need is quantified A* A B C PASS FAIL 09. RELEVANCE: What beneficiaries must do to meet needs A* A B C PASS FAIL 10. OBJECTIVITY: Measurable verbs and nouns A* A B C PASS FAIL 11. ORIGINALITY: Use of elements of originality A* A B C PASS FAIL 12. PROOF (Bonus): Use of authoritative support A* A B C PASS FAIL G00 INSERT COMPLETE STUDENT NAME HERE #01 Mr. Jaime 00-Nov-13 FIRST SLIDE A* = 90 to 100 A = 80 to 90 B = 70 to 80 C =SHOW D = 50 to PREVIOUS49 [In drafting: PASS or FAIL grade only] LAST SLIDE END 60 to 70 LAST VIEWED 60 F = 0 to SLIDE NEXT SLIDE
  75. 75. 14. DOWNLOADABLES Citing Definition of Terms Integration Outline Paraphrasing Posters Presentation Problem Statement Quoting Recommendations Referencing Research Question Summary Thesis Statement Others Image courtesy of (www.icr.org) FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  76. 76. Downloadables: Problem Statement General Reference: Research Proposal 0 - How to Write the Problem Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-0-how-to-write-theproblem-statement Problem Statement Parts: Slides 46 to 50 of Problem Statement 06 BENEFICIARY - Who exactly will benefit from the proposal at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problemstatement-06-beneficiary-who-exactly-will-benefit-from-the-proposal-28202219 Problem Statement: Slides 50 to 53 of Problem Statement 11 ORIGINAL INPUT - Use of elements of originality at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement11-original-input-use-of-elements-of-originality General Reference: Problem Statement 00 ASSESSMENT RUBRIC - One-sentence Problem Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement-00assessment-rubric-onesentence-problem-statement General Reference: Problem Statement 06 BENEFICIARY - Who exactly will benefit from the proposal at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement-06-beneficiarywho-exactly-will-benefit-from-the-proposal-28202219 General Reference: Problem Statement 09 RELEVANCE - What beneficiaries must do to meet the need at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement-09-relevancewhat-beneficiaries-must-do-to-meet-the-need General Reference: Problem Statement 12 PROOF - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proof-use-of-authoritativesupport-how-to-use-theory FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  77. 77. Downloadables: Thesis Statement General Reference: Research Proposal 1 at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-1problem-statement-to-thesis-statement Three-part Thesis Statement: From Slide 4 of Research Proposal 4 at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-4-samplethesis-statement-and-proposal-summary Thesis Statement: Slides 99 to 104, 108; Three-part Thesis Statement: Slides 121 to 129 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/pre-writing-how-to-write-acluster-outline-from-problem-statement-to-research-paper Thesis Statement: Slides 51 to 55 of Problem Statement 06 BENEFICIARY at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problem-statement-06beneficiary-who-exactly-will-benefit-from-the-proposal-28202219 Thesis Statement: Slides 54 to 59 of Problem Statement 11 ORIGINAL INPUT at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/problemstatement-11-original-input-use-of-elements-of-originality FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  78. 78. Downloadables: Outline Three-part Thesis Outline: Slides 170 to 188 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/prewriting-how-to-write-a-cluster-outline-from-problemstatement-to-research-paper Outlines: Slides 60 to 77 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/prewriting-how-to-write-a-cluster-outline-from-problemstatement-to-research-paper FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  79. 79. Downloadables: Presentation General Reference: Research Proposal 2 - How to Defend Your Problem/Thesis Statement at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-2-defending-your-thesis-statement General Reference: Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-4-sample-thesis-statement-and-proposalsummary General Reference: Research Proposal 5 - The Formal Meeting and Presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-5-the-formal-meeting-and-presentation FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  80. 80. Downloadables: Posters General Reference: The Project Poster at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/the-projectposter General Reference: Poster how to create a Poster at http://www.slideshare.net/michaelschmidtuk/posterhow-to-create-a-poster?from_search=2 General Reference: Pulling Off A Poster Presentation at http://www.slideshare.net/jeffloo/poster-5679812 General Reference: Creating a Research (or Scientific) Poster in PowerPoint at http://www.slideshare.net/jerroddietrich/creatingresearch-posters General Reference: Poster presentation (criteria) at http://www.slideshare.net/FredRoberts/posterpresentation-11546854 FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  81. 81. Downloadables: Research Question Research Question: Slides 60 to 64 of Problem Statement 11 Original Input Use of elements of originality at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabre ra3/problem-statement-11-originalinput-use-of-elements-of-originality FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  82. 82. Downloadables: Definition of Terms General Reference: Research or Proposal Writing - DEFINITION OF TERMS at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchor-proposal-writing-definition-of-terms Definition of Terms: Research Proposal 6 - How to Write the Definitions of Terms at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal6-the-definitions-of-terms FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  83. 83. Downloadables: Summary Summary: From Slide 128 to Slide 136 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3 /research-proposal-4-sample-thesisstatement-and-proposal-summary FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  84. 84. Downloadables: Recommendations Recommendations: From Slide 137 to Slide 142 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-4-sample-thesis-statement-and-proposalsummary FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  85. 85. Downloadables: Paraphrasing How to Paraphrase Proof: Slides 30 to 35 of Seven (7) Things You Need to Know: APA Documentation at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/apa-22documentation-tutorial-no-quiz How to Paraphrase Proof: Slides 31 to 37 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/pre-writing-how-towrite-a-cluster-outline-from-problem-statement-to-researchpaper How to Paraphrase Proof: Slides 38 to 40 of It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copy-fromthe-internet-what-you-must-know FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  86. 86. Downloadables: Quoting How to Quote Proof: Slides 09 to 15 of Seven (7) Things You Need to Know: APA Documentation at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/apa-22documentation-tutorial-no-quiz How to Quote Proof: Slides 29 to 30 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How To Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/pre-writinghow-to-write-a-cluster-outline-from-problem-statementto-research-paper How to Quote Proof: Slides 35 to 36, and 58 to 65 of It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copyfrom-the-internet-what-you-must-know FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  87. 87. Downloadables: Citing How to Cite Proof: Slides 41 to 53 of It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/i ts-ok-to-copy-from-the-internet-what-youmust-know How to Cite Proof: Slides 36 to 15 of Seven (7) Things You Need to Know: APA Documentation at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/a pa-22-documentation-tutorial-no-quiz FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  88. 88. Downloadables: Referencing General Reference: Seven (7) Things You Need to Know: APA Documentation at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/apa22-documentation-tutorial-no-quiz General Reference - In-text citation: Slide 07 of Research Proposal 6 How to Write the Definitions of Terms at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/research-proposal-6the-definitions-of-terms General Reference - Attribution: It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copyfrom-the-internet-what-you-must-know General Reference - Plagiarism: Slides 10 to 13 of It’s OK to Copy What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-ok-to-copy-fromthe-internet-what-you-must-know How to Reference Proof: Slides 54 to 56 of It’s OK to Copy - What You Must Know at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/its-okto-copy-from-the-internet-what-you-must-know FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  89. 89. Downloadables: Integration General Reference: How to Integrate Theory Support in Your Paper at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/how-tointegrate-theory-support-in-your-paper How to Integrate Proof: Slides 57 to 63 of Problem Statement 12 PROOF - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proofuse-of-authoritative-support-how-to-use-theory How to Signal Proof: Slides 48 to 56, 64 to 67 of Problem Statement 12 PROOF - Use of authoritative support (or How to Use Theory) at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/12-proofuse-of-authoritative-support-how-to-use-theory FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  90. 90. Downloadables: Others Bias and Balance: From Slide 107 to Slide 127 of Research Proposal 4 - Sample Thesis Statement and Proposal Summary at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/researchproposal-4-sample-thesis-statement-and-proposalsummary Academic Language: From Slide 04 to 09 of Academic Style at http://www.slideshare.net/sabahelsaid/academic-style Tentative Language: Slides 105 to 107 in Cognitive Skills & Cluster Outlines - How to Outline A Paper, Essay, or Proposal – For The Grade Your Want at http://www.slideshare.net/JaimeCabrera3/pre-writinghow-to-write-a-cluster-outline-from-problemstatement-to-research-paper FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED NEXT SLIDE
  91. 91. END OF PRESENTATION Send comments or suggestions to mr.jaime.aiu@gmail.com THANK YOU FIRST SLIDE LAST SLIDE END SHOW PREVIOUS SLIDE LAST VIEWED

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