STREPTOCOCCUS• found in water, soil, vegetation.• Strep is often the cause of skin infections, sore throat, sinus infections, bronchitis, pneumonia, meningitis, and heart valve infections.• appear in chains of varying length• several species are indigenous in animals & man• found in skin, oral cavity, respiratory tract
CELLULITIS• is a localized or diffuse inflammation of connective tissue with severe inflammation of dermal and subcutaneous layers of the skin.• result when streptococcus bacteria invade the skin through a cut or scrape.• This is an infection of the deepest layers of the skin and usually occurs on the face or legs.
PREVENTION• Wash your wound daily with soap and water.• Apply an antibiotic cream or ointment.• Watch for signs of infection.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS• Cellulitis causes the area of affected skin to become red, hot, swollen, and tender or painful.• Symptoms that develop before, or in combination with: nausea shivering chills a general sense of feeling unwell
DENTAL CORRELATIONThe infection can spread via blood, lymph and tissue spaces. In dentistry, themost relevant tissue spaces are the• Pterygomandibular Space• Lateralpharyngeal Space• Retropharyngeal Space• Infratemporal Fossa• Buccal Space• Vestibular Space• Sublingual Space• Submandibular Space• Submental Space
TREATMENT Antibiotic regimens are effective in more than 90% of patients. However, all but the smallest of abscesses require drainage for resolution, regardless ofthe microbiology of the infection. In many instances, if the abscess is relatively isolated, with little surrounding tissue involvement, drainage may suffice without the need for antibiotics.