CANDIDA ALBICANS Candida is a genus of yeasts. Many species are harmless commensals or endosymbionts of hosts including humans, but other species, or harmless species in the wrong location, can cause disease. Many species are found in gut flora. Causes vaginal yeast infection, infections in other moist areas of your body, such as your mouth (thrush), skin folds and fingernail beds.
Vaginal Yeast Infection• An estimated three out of four women will have a yeast infection in their lifetime.• Yeast infections occur when certain internal or external factors change the normal environment of your vagina and trigger an overgrowth of a microscopic fungus .
SYMPTOMS The main symptom is itching, but you may have a white, thick discharge that resembles cottage cheese. TREATMENT Antibiotics - Diflucan 150 mg one single dose
CHRONIC CANDIDIASIS Superficial candidiasis in an infant (nappy rash)(onychomycosis) of thumb nailsshowing destruction of nail tissue. Interdigital candidiasis of the hands Intertriginous or flexural candidiasis behind the knee showing an extensive erythematous scaling lesion
ORAL CANDIDIASIS also known as "thrush" is an infection of yeast fungi of the genus Candida on the mucous membranes of the mouth. (Candida albicans , Candida glabrata or Candida tropicalis. Can occur due to dryness of the mouth or environmental irritants. candidiasis - mouths of babies candidosis or moniliasis- mouth and throat of adults
Oral candidiasis is classified as primary, and secondary. Primary candidiasis includes five clinical varieties: pseudomembranous, erythematous, n odular, papillary hyperplasia of the palate, and Candida-associated lesions (angular cheilitis, median rhomboid glossitis, denture stomatitis).
The main forms of candidiasis that produce white lesions are the following Pseudomembrabous Mucocutaneous candidiasis candidiasis Nodular candidiasis
Erythematous Papillary Hyperplasia of the Palateangular cheilitis Denture-Related Stomatitis Median rhomboid glossitis
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS creamy white lesions on your tongue, inner cheeks and on the roof of your mouth, gums and tonsils lesions with a cottage cheese-like appearance slight bleeding cracking and redness at the corners of your mouth a cottony feeling in your mouth loss of taste
PREVENTION Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing teeth after each meal. Avoid foods or liquids that are very hot in temperature or very spicy. try using fresh-culture yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus or bifidobacterium or take acidophilus capsules when you take antibiotics limiting the amount of sugar and yeast-containing foods see your dentist regularly
TREATMENT The most common method oftreating oral thrush is to use theantifungal medication in liquid formthat should be swished around themouth slowly, for as long aspossible, and then swallowed.For mild cases: Nystatin(Mycostatin® liquid or pastilles) appliedseveral times daily and Clotrimazole(Mycelex®).For more severe cases:Ketoconazole (Nizoral®) orfluconazole (Diflucan®). Fluconazole(Diflucan® The next step, after treating theinfection, is to identify and treat (ifpossible) the underlying healthproblems or conditions that caused theoral thrush, in order to prevent similarproblems in the future.