Good morning and thank you for inviting me to speak at your conference
This morning I am going to be covering: The open data picture for local government in Scotland – and abit wider than that What’s happening in Edinburgh What the Council are doing How we use the API on our website – Suraj Kika will be carrying out the demo for this Finally our plans for the future
Local Government in Scotland has been fairly slow off the mark with open data although there has been a lot of discussion informally about it. I’m referring to Openly Local here for benchmarking processes Openly Local is a project providing a place to access local government data in a usable format. OpenlyLocal’s assessment of Scottish local authorities is not great. However, I am not sure when this was last reviewed. We are, for instance, actively taking forward an open data analysis at the moment . OpenlyLocal records show what is available rather than what might be.
So, here are the three authorities that OpenlyLocal recognises as really providing Open Data. Of these I’d like to choose Aberdeen for a case study.
Set up after the signing of the Scottish Digital Participation Charter in November 2011 The DPAG charter commits the signatories to bringing together their collective skills and resources over the lifetime of this Parliament to increase digital participation levels in Scotland and delivering the associated economic, social and environmental benefits. Success will be measured by the contribution that the signatories to this Charter make to delivering Scotland’s Digital Ambition. Edinburgh Council currently working with D PAG
What’s happening in Edinburgh? Well, quite a lot = running from research and data stores to hackathons and data labs. I’m covering areas and organisations the Council is working alongside but there is much more than that happening.
School of Informatics at Edinburgh University is a high flyer in the sector. You will all probably know more than I do about their work. The Council felt that this could be a good partnership for both of us Dominate the European scene; top echelon in the world with MIT, Stanford and CMU as peers.
A broad range of research areas which inter link – and offer the Council many opportunities for joint projects
Experimental data hub Comprehensive Knowledge Archive Network, a registry of open knowledge packages and projects (and a few closed ones). CKAN makes it easy to find, share and reuse open content and data , especially in ways that are machine automatable. EDINA is a UK national academic data centre, designated by JISC on behalf of UK funding bodies to support the activity of universities, colleges and research institutes in the UK, by delivering access to a range of online data services through a UK academic infrastructure Edina Data Library offers a wide range of research based data Edina’s unlock offers the ability to search for related projects and data on place names and places
The Open Innovation project is funded by the European Union Interreg IVB NWE Programme . Edinburgh is one of the partners in this project. This programme provides partial funding for transnational projects in the North West European Co-operation Zone over the period 2007-2013. The priority areas for the programme are : Innovation; Environmental challenges; Connectivity, and: Promoting strong and prosperous communities. The NWE Zone includes: France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, United Kingdom, Ireland and Switzerland The project is broken down into 3 themes, each of which focuses on the potential of open innovation for categories of user. 1. Open innovation and the community 2. Open innovation for small and medium sized businesses 3. Open innovation for universities Wide range of European partners
The Edinburgh project follows the 3 themes, each of which focuses on the potential value of open innovation to categories of user. 1. Open innovation and the community 2. Open innovation for small and medium sized businesses 3. Open innovation for universities Edinburgh works with a wide range of European partners NEXT SLIDE
The Council is working with Open Innovation to identify potential opportunities to open up data and provide case studies – through challenges, networking and strategy planning
And still with Open Innovation as it funds the Festival this is an exciting annual technology festival which is wide ranging and challenging.
NESTA is the UK’s Innovation Foundation/Charity . Their mission statement is to help people and organisations bring great ideas to life. They provide investments and grants and mobilise research, networks and skills. They have partnerships with other innovators, community organisations, educators and investors too.
Talk through pic
Open as much as it is within our own power to do so with our API Define a strategy for the organisation – Surely an opportunity to collaborate with other agencies Identify a senior champion – who will be the sponsor for the Council Get visibility within the organisation – get into newsletters / briefings etc ( & outside by engagement with other parties!) Internal education – debunk the myths So, for example remind people that open data is not the same as Open Government or FOI although there are links, as Open Data can support these Sell the success stories Sell the benefits
So, what are the benefits of open data? If we free up the data then what can we expect? Improved internal sharing as well as external – mixing data sets up gives you back more than the sum of the parts Simplify data management –rationalising our data in the process then we approach a single version of the information There are many eyes to spot errors and anomalies– so we can crowd-source the error checking Reputational, perceived transparency & improved engagement – people will thing better of “the council” Social & economic value – the community out there can do much more with the data than we could ever hope to do And back to the open-ness agenda we can cut FOI requests for data (which isn’t all FOI) – and just point to the data
Dublinked offers a large number of datasets and from these case studies of successful applications. It’s offering opportunities to members, hosting events to generate more innovation and changing the face of the city for its citizens Open Data Manchester was set up as part of are working on or interested in Open Data in the region. It was key in the setting up of DataGM – The Greater Manchester Public DataStore. They work with Swirrl (who are active in Scotland too) and key players are working to innovate through groups such as Manchester Net Squared and Manchester Bootstrap Club London offers a Developers fund to encourage innovation, and is working with London boroughs and major organisations in the city such as London Ambulance Service, Office for National Statistics and Government depts – education/health/transport to open up data. It has the highest awareness in local government but other local authorities aspire to do the same. Like these cities, Edinburgh generates very large volumes of data centered around the interactions of our citizens within the city environment. Some of this data is generated by ourselves, some of it by private companies delivering services in the city and more is generated by residents of the city. Within such an environment, there are opportunities for better services, less waste, and new opportunities for people to interact with the city - whether it be how to find the nearest bus stop or in discovering the latest concert venue. These city data stores been created to harness this rich resource of information, and to combine it with people who want to be innovative, to be creative, to think about new ways to do things in cities. This is something Edinburgh should be doing too.
Open Data development in the City of Edinburgh Council Sally Kerr 19 June 2012
Open Data use with the City of Edinburgh Council • Scottish picture • Innovation in Edinburgh • Edinburgh Council – work to date • Our website and API • Plans for the future2
Aberdeen case study • First Scottish authority to launch open data, • First Scottish Authority to launch Linked Data triple-store, • Worked with Scottish Government on making data from www.tellmescotland.gov.uk open • Just been awarded £25,000 by NESTA to create an open data-based safe winter travel with our neighbours Aberdeenshire Council.5
Scottish Digital Participation Group - Workstreams • Smart Working: Anywhere Working is a group initiative to show you how you can save time, money and the environment through remote working. • Health/Older People: Creation of a regional co-production model for those working with older people and driving digital participation. • Technology in Education: Aim to enhance digital skills across the country. • Youth Employment: Glasgow based youth unemployment programme.6
Innovation in Edinburgh • Universities – Edinburgh University • Open Innovation and Turing Festival • NESTA - supporting innovation7
School of Informatics: Key FactsLead the UK in research According to the UK RAE we have 69% moretop rated research than nearest competitor (10% of all UK “world leading”research).The largest research centre of our sort in Europe 100 Academic staff 150 Postdoc researchers 250 PhD students 200 Masters level students 250 1st year undergraduates Run a UK-leading entrepreneurialism programme Edinburgh holds UK record for number of university spinoff companies in last 10 years; Informatics alone comes 4th in UK.8
Their research landscape Quantum Multimodal Semantics &Databases computation interaction discourse Algorithms & complexity Verification & Automated security Algebra, games reasoning & Cognitive knowledge & concurrency Software Speech synthesis modelling engineering engineering and recognition Systems Graphics and modelling information animation extraction Multi-agent systems Data- and planning Bioinformatics intensive Large scale research natural Computer language Robotics vision Machine processing learning Wireless Computer Neuro- sensor systems informatics networks architecture9
University of Edinburgh resources • University of Edinburgh Open Data ( http://data.inf.ed.ac.uk/) • http://edina.ac.uk/ • https://datalib.edina.ac.uk/ • http://unlock.edina.ac.uk10
Open Innovation http://openinnovationproject.co.uk/dev/in dex.php/home11
Open Data Innovation • Create opportunities for open data across business, academia and communities • Build networks and champions for open data across NW Europe • Launch new businesses, products and services utilising open data 1212
Open Challenges • Create challenge networks and platforms to drive innovation • Challenges for social benefit • Business Challenges • Government data innovation for social change 1313
Turing festival –23to25 Aug2012 • brings together the digital technology and the web into the worlds largest arts and creative gathering in a celebration of digital culture and creativity • Encourages hack events and challenges • Builds partnerships for technical innovation14
Support through Nesta… • 5 Local Authorities supported through Nesta’s ‘Make it Local’ programme to create open data sites - Edinburgh + Aberdeen/Aberdeenshire, Glasgow and Orkney- useful local services for parks/travel in snow conditions and heritage • Sites to be ready by Autumn, all data uploaded to data.gov and the code open source for replicability • ‘Destination Local’- a hyper-local media pilot across the UK to test the business model of postcode based content on mobile devices. 10 projects to be15 announced June 28th
Problems with selling Open Data What data have you got? Let me see it! I’ll make it do great stuff! Prove it! Release it and I’ll prove it! Prove it and we will release it!16
Issues to be addressed • Obtaining the understanding and buy-in from our management and from national government • Selling the benefits • Justifying use of resources - employee’s time ( = ££ ) • Overcoming business silos as well as DB silos • Breaking down technical barriers – some data sets easier than others to liberate • Challenging natural defensiveness17
What are the benefits? • Improved internal sharing as well as external • Simplify data management – single version of the information • Many eyes to spot errors and anomalies • Reputational impact: improved perception of transparency & improved engagement • Social & economic value • People will do better, cleverer and more valuable stuff than we can given our slender resources • Cut FOI requests – point to the data18
What the Council is doing? • Networking with businesses, universities and developers • Internally raising awareness and working towards a strategy • Building open data application knowledge • Scoping potential projects • Developing case studies19
NESTA Making it Local Scotland • Edinburgh Council was successful in obtaining funding for this • Currently developing a parks and green spaces service • Waiting to hear on further NESTA bid • Using our API key for the current project and looking to open this up20
What we want to do next • Deliver the NESTA Project • Deliver prototype with School of Informatics • Use these projects to achieve buy-in • Host challenge events to encourage data sharing • Work with partners to develop innovative approaches to service delivery • Work towards an open data strategy for the Council and the City22