T HE P ASSOVER
The Festival of Unleavened Bread
Mrs. Beth Andrade
First Quarter Project
October 2nd 2009
The Passover is a Jewish tradition that celebrates the emancipation
from slavery in Egypt. It is also the precursor of many Christian
traditions. In Numbers 9:11, it says that Moses gives Gods instructions to
the Israelites as to how and when to celebrate Passover. The people were
to follow all of Gods laws. God also revealed the consequences of refusing
to celebrate Passover. God gave instructions to Moses and Aaron requiring
the Passover lamb or goat to be perfect with no blemish. The sacrificial
blood must never be offered with bread that has yeast in it, thus
beginning the unleavened bread "communion", or matzo, as it is known as
in the Passover Sedar.
God also gave instructions to paint the doorways of the Israelites
houses with the young calf's blood so that the angel of death could "Pass
Over". The sign of moving the hand down and across to paint the door also
was a precursor to the cross on which Jesus gave his own blood. When God
passed through the blood served as a sign that god will pass over you and
the plague will not touch the Israelites when he strikes Egypt.
In Exodus 12: 46 it also states a rule that all who eat the lamb
must eat it together in one house. You must not carry any meat outside
and you may not break any of the animals' bones. The whole community
must celebrate this festival at the same time. They were not allowed to
leave any of the roasted lamb until the next day. Whatever is not eaten
that night must be burned and buried before the morning.
The Passover and Festival of Unleavened Bread were to be kept permanently
by the Israelites to remind them of how God brought them out of slavery in Egypt.
They have a reading called the Haggadah which tells them what do during the
Passover. It has all the rules, lists of food.
During the Passover, a special plate is set which includes, celery, which
symbolizes the coming of spring, a boiled egg which symbolized the breaking out of
Egypt, bitter herbs that symbolized the bitterness the Israelites suffered while in Egypt. A
lamb shank, the main Passover food. (Meat was sacred in ancient times), They also had
Charoses / Charoset, which was a mixture of apples, cinnamon, raisins, wheat and sugar.
It symbolized the sweet nectar that was in the Promised Land that God gave them. They
ate all these things with flat unleavened bread, called Matzo / Matza. During the
Passover, Yeast was not to be eaten and could not even be in the house.
Kadeish ,Urchatz , Karpas ,Yachatz, Maggid , Rachtzah , Motzi , Matzo , Maror Koreich
Shulchan oreich, Tzafun , Bareich , Hallel , and Nirtzah.
1. http://www.jewfaq.org/holidaya.htm, 2009, Tracey R. Rich
r.htm, 2007, assorted authors
3. All about Passover, Judyth Groner, Kar-Ben Publishing , 2000
4. Boruch Learns about Pesach, Rabbi Shmuel Kunda, Judaica Press,
5. The Holy Bible, New Learning Center, 1995