Summit 3 Opportunity FHEA Presentation

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  • Incongruence betweenwhere we livewhere we workhow we transport ourselves in-between these spacesAnd the educational attainment of minority and low-income citizens of Southeast FloridaThe Seven50 Prosperity Plan needs to address how to bridge these silos, break down barriers to opportunity while building access
  • Describe FHEA
  • 60% of renting households, regardless of income, pay more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs while 46% of households making payments to a mortgage pay more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs
  • 13% percent of the total population
  • A significant divide exists based on race between the economic performance of whites and non-whites. Poverty is clearly linked to race and ethnicity throughout the region. While the predominant race throughout the region is white, proportionally there are about half as many white people in poverty in comparison to both African American and Hispanic populations.
  • An example of the disproportionate relationship between race/ethnicity and poverty
  • Single female householders with children as especially in need. As a region, one third of all single-female households with children are below poverty level.
  • By far the most common means to get to work across all seven counties is private automobile—78.4 percent of all workers get to work in this manner. In all but 75 census tracts, 70 percent or more of workers drive or carpool to work. In fact, in 48.4 percent of all tracts, the number of workers commuting by car is 90 percent or greater.Proportionally, minorities tend to take pubic transportation more than whites. The next slide shows that this mode of travel takes significantly longer than driving alone and carpoolingAlternate commute modes remain overshadowed by commute by car across the majority of the region. Only 119 census tracts feature 15 percent or more of workers who take an alternate commute. The majority of them (86 tracts) are in Miami-Dade County; there are none in Indian River, St. Lucie, or Martin counties). Conversely, there are 166 census tracts (12.5 percent of the region’s total tracts) in which no workers commute by an alternate means. Palm Beach County has the largest number, with 67.
  • Concentration of Race, Poverty +
  • Insert Options
  • Incongruence betweenwhere we livewhere we workhow we transport ourselves in-between these spacesAnd the educational attainment of minority and low-income citizens of Southeast FloridaThe Seven50 Prosperity Plan needs to address how to bridge these silos, break down barriers to opportunity while building access
  • Summit 3 Opportunity FHEA Presentation

    1. 1. Opportunity in the RegionData and Deliberation ResultsFair Housing and Equity Assessment(FHEA)James CarrasCarras Community Investment, Inc.June 21, 2013
    2. 2. Seven 50 - Sustainable CommunitiesRegional Planning Grant Fair Housing andEquity Assessment (FHEA)• Understand the historical, current and futurecontext for opportunity in the region and thedata and evidence that demonstrates thosedynamics• Engage regional leaders and stakeholders onfindings and implications of analysis• Integrate knowledge developed through theRegional FHEA exercise into the Regional Planstrategy development process (e.g., prioritysetting and decision making)2Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    3. 3. Why the FHEA?• ―Sustainability also means creating ‘geographies ofopportunity,’ places that effectively connect people tojobs, quality public schools, and other amenities.• Today, too many HUD-assisted families are stuck inneighborhoods of concentrated poverty andsegregation, where ones zip code predicts pooreducation, employment, and even health outcomes.• These neighborhoods are not sustainable in their presentstate.—HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan, February 23, 2010Carras Community Investment, Inc. 3
    4. 4. FHEAFair and just inclusion.Goal:To make our region a more fair and justplace where all residents can accessand take advantage of the region’seconomic, social, and environmentalassets4Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    5. 5. Opportunity = Prosperity• Southeast Floridademographic transformation• Pursuing strategies thatcreate more inclusion are nolonger only moralimperatives—they areeconomic ones.• Addressing incomedisparities/poverty andbusiness development arefundamental to region’seconomic future. 5Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    6. 6. OpportunityEconomicDevelopmentHousingTransportationEducation6Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    7. 7. Barriers and Access toOpportunityExisting Conditions7Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    8. 8. Opportunity Analyses8DemographicRaceLinguistic IsolationEconomicHousehold IncomePovertyUnemploymentNutritionalAssistanceEducationEducationalAttainmentPublic SchoolsNeighborhoodHousing OccupancyHouseholdCompositionHousingAffordability GapCost Burdon ofHouseholdsAffordable HousingAccess to aSupermarketTransportationCommuting PatternAccess to a VehicleCarras Community Investment, Inc.Addresses 33 community indicators in five categoriesAccess to opportunity, measured by our “opportunity index” isrelative to the following indicators
    9. 9. Cost-Burdened Households• 60% of renting • 46% of mortgage payinghouseholds9Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    10. 10. Concentrations ofPoverty10• Over 850,000people belowpoverty level in theregion13%14%10%12% 12%17%11%Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    11. 11. Race/Ethnicity +Segregation11Black/African American Hispanic/LatinoCarras Community Investment, Inc.
    12. 12. 4.80%17.30%30.90%Martin County,Poverty Rate by Race andEthnicity,2010199,33653,03645,995Martin County,Population by Race/Ethnicity2010Hispanic/Latino Black/African American WhitePoverty + Race/Ethnicity12Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    13. 13. Raising children inpoverty means thateverything is morecomplicated.13• 32% of families with children under 18 with asingle head of households are below the povertylevel• Makes affordable housing, food, transportationand health care challenging.Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    14. 14. Travel Mode140% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80%Drive AloneCarpoolPublic TransportationIndian River County, FloridaSt. Lucie County, FloridaMartin County, FloridaPalm Beach County, FloridaBroward County, FloridaMiami-Dade County, FloridaMonroe County, Florida0%20%40%60%80%100%WhiteBlack or African AmericanCarras Community Investment, Inc.
    15. 15. Travel and Housing Costs• According to Center for Neighborhood Technology:o> 30 % of income for housing costs iscost burdenedo> 45 % of income for housing andtransportation costs is cost burdenedo 85% of the Miami Dade/FortLauderdale MSA is over 45% - thehighest in the countryCarras Community Investment, Inc. 15
    16. 16. Educational Attainment–No High School• 17% of people in theregion 25 years of ageand above lack a highschool diploma• Communities where thenumber of high schoolnon-graduates exceeds30%o Fort Pierceo Belle Gladeo Lauderdale Lakeso Hialeaho Opa-locka, and the northwestof Miami-Dade County,o Blue Cypress Conservation Areaof Indian River County16Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    17. 17. Educational Attainment-High School17• 28% of all adults 25years of age olderhave earned just ahigh schooldiploma• Many of themreside within thecentral third of thethree-county MSAand in St. Lucieand MonroecountiesCarras Community Investment, Inc.
    18. 18. Educational Attainment-College Graduates18• 1.19 million people inSoutheast Floridahave earned one ormore collegedegrees• Same percentage ofthose with just a highschool diploma• Distribution isdifferento College graduates beinglargely concentratedalong the coast and thewestern urban growthboundaryCarras Community Investment, Inc.
    19. 19. Educational Attainment-FCAT Scores19• The Florida Departmentof Education ranksschools statewide bythe number of schoolgrade points theyreceived for the 2010-2011 school year• Note: this indicator wasnot incorporated intothe index because toofew census tractscontained data andincorporating wouldhave weakened thestatistical rigor of theindexCarras Community Investment, Inc.
    20. 20. Sistrunk*• 97% of the population isAfrican American• The median income onethird less than countyaverage• 40% of families withchildren below poverty• Low educationalattainment and lowquality scoreso FCAT scores in surrounding tractsrank ‘C’ and ‘D’o 40% of adults have less than ahigh school diploma.• One out of 10 units arevacant20*Census Tract 411Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    21. 21. Kendall Green*• Cost-burdened andsegregatedneighborhood• African American’saccount for 90% of thepopulation• 75% of renters spend 30%or more of their incomeon related housing costs• 40% of all householdshave seniors• 30% of the population hasless than a high schooldegree or equivalent21*Census Tract 304.01Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    22. 22. Hallandale*• One quarter of residentsdon’t speak English athome• Median householdincome is$25,000, approximately50% of the county’saverage• 40% of ALL persons live inpoverty• A third of all housing unitsare vacant• Affordability gap forrenters is over $300 amonth22*Census Tract 1005.01Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    23. 23. OpportunityIndices23Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    24. 24. • Along the coast or the urban growthboundary of the South Florida MSA• A significant part of the region• Indicating potentially negativetrends particularly if there iscontinued economic uncertaintyand/or natural disasters• Concentrated in Miami-DadeCounty, central Broward, West PalmBeach County, and the exurbanwestern end of the Treasure Coast24Carras Community Investment, Inc.
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    29. 29. Addressing Poverty• Key issue in all low opportunity communitiesis poverty.• We need to plan to address poverty and itsramifications on people and the regionaleconomy.Carras Community Investment, Inc. 29
    30. 30. Moving ForwardBuilding Access to Opportunity30Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    31. 31. Advancing RegionalOpportunity• The Seven50 Regional Plan needs to create regional:o Goalso Policieso Strategies and Actions• FHEA helps inform the Regional Plan in developing avision, framework, and roadmap that increases access toopportunity:o Housingo Transportationo Environmental Justiceo Educationo Economic Developmento Public InfrastructureCarras Community Investment, Inc. 31
    32. 32. Community Deliberation• Over twenty public meetings and FHEA/RAIpresentations including:o Seven50 Opportunity in the Region Workshopo HOPE Fair Housing workshopso Broward Alliance for Neighborhood Developmento Seven50 Summit Twoo Raise Florida/War on Poverty Regional Meetingo Seven50 Summit Three• Over 1200 Participants• Key stakeholder interviewsCarras Community Investment, Inc. 32
    33. 33. We asked….• Establish a shared vision and set of aspirationalvalues related to your sense of opportunity.• Establish and recommend goals to be addressed inthe Regional Plan• Establish attainable strategies, so that a long-termand empowering vision is balanced with shorterterm, concrete steps to get there.Carras Community Investment, Inc. 33
    34. 34. Need to Address inRegional Plan• Strengthening low opportunity communities• Stabilizing and Improving moderateopportunity communities• Maintaining high opportunity communities andcreating greater access for all• Focus on interrelationship ofhousing, transportation, economicdevelopment opportunities and education• Ongoing mechanism that updates dataindicators and progress• Create inclusive leadership model34Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    35. 35. Vision and Values• One Southeast Florida• Equal access to quality, affordable, sustainable opportunities• Create geographies of opportunities for every neighborhood, familyand individual• Region-wide infrastructure that facilitates and promotes fair and justinclusion of all residents• Equal access to quality: affordable, sustainable opportunities• Access to appropriate education, efficient transportation, affordablehousing and diversified job opportunities to reduce poverty levels.• Promote policies that encourage revitalization ofcommunities, affordable mixed use/mixed income housing andefficient transportation choices near employment, health centers andshopping corridors along with access to education and trainingCarras Community Investment, Inc. 35
    36. 36. Goals• Create diverse, walkable and connectedcommunities• Form a Regional Opportunity Network to provide aResource Tool Kit to assist communities inaddressing shelter, education, jobs, foodissues, transportation• Provide inclusionary mixed-income housing nearjob centers and public transportation• Promote urban farming/gardens and access tohealthy foods• Enhance accessible public transportationconnecting residents to jobs and education.• Help build family assets• Advocate for universal early childhood educationand child careCarras Community Investment, Inc. 36
    37. 37. Strategies• Harness capital resources – especially private sectorinvestments and debt• Increase financial services and products for homeownershipand business development.• Create workforce training that matches residents with jobopportunities in targeted industries• Improve educational outcomes for low-income youth andyouth of color.• Create double/triple bottom line funds that leveragefederal resources including New Market Tax Credits and EB5• Help build capacity – over 150 government entities –municipalities, counties, CRAs. Need to provide sustainabledevelopment assistance (resources, tools)• Enhance civic leadership and engagement• Promote urban farming and local food systems• Combat NIMBYismCarras Community Investment, Inc. 37
    38. 38. OpportunityEconomicDevelopmentHousingTransportationEducation38Carras Community Investment, Inc.
    39. 39. Further information:• Project Manager: James Carras• FHEAo Urban Revitalizations Solutions, Inc. Rebecca Walter, SergeAtherwood• RAIo Anna McMastero Rasheed Shotoyo• FHEA and RAI Documents are available atseven50.org• For further information contact James Carraso Phone: 954.415.2022o Email: carras@bellsouth.net39Carras Community Investment, Inc.

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