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Jim Carras’ Seven50 Second Summit “A Look Ahead: Trends and Opportunities” Presentation
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Jim Carras’ Seven50 Second Summit “A Look Ahead: Trends and Opportunities” Presentation



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  • Incongruence betweenwhere we livewhere we workhow we transport ourselves in-between these spacesAnd the educational attainment of minority and low-income citizens of Southeast FloridaThe Seven50 Prosperity Plan needs to address how to bridge these silos, break down barriers to opportunity while building access
  • Describe FHEA
  • Throughout the region, the vast majority of housing units are owner-occupied. This trend holds true for the white population of each county, but is reversed for both Hispanics and African American households in each county.
  • 60% of renting households, regardless of income, pay more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs while 46% of households making payments to a mortgage pay more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs
  • Renter-occupied households as a whole are more likely to spend more than 30% of their monthly income on housing costs than those that own. When considering various incomes, within lower income brackets there are more renters than owners. Also within this income range, households that rent have higher probabilities of paying above 30% of their household income than those that own. Conversely within the higher income brackets there are more owner-occupied housing units and henceforth more owners are cost-burdened in these brackets. Proportionally, however renting households making less than $20,000 are the most cost-burdened group within each county in SEFLA
  • 13% percent of the total population
  • A significant divide exists based on race between the economic performance of whites and non-whites. Poverty is clearly linked to race and ethnicity throughout the region. While the predominant race throughout the region is white, proportionally there are about half as many white people in poverty in comparison to both African American and Hispanic populations.
  • Geographic distribution of the population by race is notable for its spatial patterns: whites make up more of the population in the Treasure Coast and Monroe County, plus the higher-income census tracts along the Atlantic Coast throughout the tri-county MSA and the western urban growth boundary in Broward County. African Americans, on the other hand, make up more of the population in the Belle Glade area, central Broward County, and north-central Miami-Dade County (each of these areas also exhibit similar concentrations of low-income census tracts). As for Hispanics, Miami-Dade County is notable for being the only county of the region where they comprise the majority of the population.
  • An example of the disproportionate relationship between race/ethnicity and poverty
  • Single female householders with children as especially in need. As a region, one third of all single-female households with children are below poverty level.
  • By far the most common means to get to work across all seven counties is private automobile—78.4 percent of all workers get to work in this manner. In all but 75 census tracts, 70 percent or more of workers drive or carpool to work. In fact, in 48.4 percent of all tracts, the number of workers commuting by car is 90 percent or greater.Proportionally, minorities tend to take pubic transportation more than whites. The next slide shows that this mode of travel takes significantly longer than driving alone and carpoolingAlternate commute modes remain overshadowed by commute by car across the majority of the region. Only 119 census tracts feature 15 percent or more of workers who take an alternate commute. The majority of them (86 tracts) are in Miami-Dade County; there are none in Indian River, St. Lucie, or Martin counties). Conversely, there are 166 census tracts (12.5 percent of the region’s total tracts) in which no workers commute by an alternate means. Palm Beach County has the largest number, with 67.
  • The longest commutes are experienced by residents of communities inthe westernmost side of the urban corridor and the south half of Miami-Dade County. Only sixcensus tracts in Miami-Dade enjoy average commute times of less than 15 minutes; incidentally,all six have a commute time of zero minutes and are located either immediately downtown Miamior in the western exurbs.
  • Concentration of Race, Poverty +
  • Incongruence betweenwhere we livewhere we workhow we transport ourselves in-between these spacesAnd the educational attainment of minority and low-income citizens of Southeast FloridaThe Seven50 Prosperity Plan needs to address how to bridge these silos, break down barriers to opportunity while building access
  • Insert Options


  • 1. + James Carras
  • 2. + 2 Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grant  Only HUD Requirement to the Regional Plan:  Completion of a Fair Housing and Equity Analysis (FHEA)  Regional Analysis of Impediments to Fair Housing (RAI) (recommended) Together, these reports present a geographic analysis of opportunity in the seven county southeast Florida region, analyzing factors such as housing and neighborhood quality, education, jobs, and transportation. A series of maps illustrate where opportunity rich communities exist, assess who has access to these neighborhoods.
  • 3. Equity+ Fair and just inclusion. Goal: To make our region a more fair and just place where all residents can access and take advantage of the region’s economic, social, and environmental assets 3
  • 4. + 4 Economic Development Education Opportunity Housing Transportation
  • 5. + 5 Today’s Discussion Points: 1) Regional overview of existing barriers and access to opportunity 2) Moving Forward: the input process
  • 6. Barriers and+ Accessto Opportunity Existing Conditions 6
  • 7. + 7 Opportunity Analyses  Addresses 33 community indicators in five categories  Access to opportunity, measured by our “opportunity index” is relative to the following indicatorsDemographic Economic Education Neighborhood Transportation Housing Household Occupancy Income Educational Household Commuting Race Attainment Composition Pattern Poverty Housing Affordability Gap Cost Burdon of Unemployment Households Linguistic Affordable Access to a Public Schools Housing Isolation Vehicle Nutritional Assistance Access to a Supermarket
  • 8. + 8 Homeowners & Renters  1.5 million owner-occupied housing units  prominent inland in the more suburban areas  750,000 renter-occupied units  more common in the eastern and denser portions of the region Owner-Occupied Units Renter-Occupied Units
  • 9. + 9 A disproportionate number of renters in the region are minorities Hispanic or Latino (of 26% any race) 17% Renter- occupied housing units Black or African 19% American 9% Owner- occupied housing units 75% White 87%
  • 10. + 10 Cost-Burdened Households 60% of renting households  46% of mortgage paying households
  • 11. + 11 Low-income, renters are disproportionately cost-burdened throughout the region Households paying 30% or more of their income on monthly housing costs, 2010 Seven-50 SE Florida Region 20% 16% 18.2% 13.50% 12% 8% 4% 0% Less than $20,000 to $35,000 to $50,000 to $75,000 or $20,000 $34,999 $49,999 $74,999 more Owner-occupied housing units Renter-occupied housing units
  • 12. + 12 Concentrations of Poverty • Over 850,000 17% people below 13% 14% 12% 12% 11% 10% poverty level in the region
  • 13. + 13 Race/Ethnicity + Segregation Black/African American Hispanic/Latino
  • 14. + 14 Race/Ethnicity + Segregation
  • 15. + 15 Poverty + Race/Ethnicity Martin County, Martin County, Population by Race/Ethnicity Poverty Rate by Race and 2010 Ethnicity,2010 4.80% 45,995 53,036 17.30% 199,336 30.90% Hispanic/Latino Black/African American White
  • 16. + 16 Poverty + Families % Female householders with no husband present below Poverty Level With related children under 18 32% years Families 25%
  • 17. + 17 Assisted Housing + Race/ethnicity Race and Ethnicity of Tenants in Assisted Housing Units as of  54% of the region’s 2008 assisted housing units 100% have minority tenants 90% 80%  27% Black 70% 60% 50%  26% Hispanic 40% 30% 20%  Miami-Dade - highest 10% 0% percentage of minority tenants - 91%  Followed by St. Lucie County at 81% (72% - Black) % Minority % Black % Hispanic
  • 18. + 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 18 Travel Mode Drive Alone100% 80% 60% Carpool 40% 20% 0% Public Transportation White Black or African American Indian River County, Florida St. Lucie County, Florida Hispanic or Latino origin (of Martin County, Florida any race) Palm Beach County, Florida Broward County, Florida Miami-Dade County, Florida Monroe County, Florida 7-County SE Florida Region
  • 19. + 19 Travel time to work 42 25 24 27 Mean travel time to work (minutes)
  • 20. + 20 Educational Attainment– No High School  17% of people in the region 25 years of age and above lack a high school diploma  Communities where the number of high school non- graduates exceeds 30%  Fort Pierce  Belle Glade  Lauderdale Lakes  Hialeah  Opa-locka, and the northwest of Miami-Dade County,  Blue Cypress Conservation Area of Indian River County
  • 21. + 21 Educational Attainment- High School  28% of all adults 25 years of age older have earned just a high school diploma  Many of them reside within the central third of the three-county MSA and in St. Lucie and Monroe counties
  • 22. + 22 Educational Attainment- College Graduates  1.19 million people in Southeast Florida have earned one or more college degrees  Same percentage of those with just a high school diploma  Distribution is different  College graduates being largely concentrated along the coast and the western urban growth boundary
  • 23. + 23 Educational Attainment- FCAT Scores  The Florida Department of Education ranks schools statewide by the number of school grade points they received for the 2010-2011 school year  Note: this indicator was not incorporated into the index because too few census tracts contained data and incorporating would have weakened the statistical rigor of the index
  • 24. Opportunity+ Indices 24
  • 25. 25•along the coast or the urban growth boundary of the South Florida MSA•A significant part of the region•Indicating potentially negative trends particularly if there is continued economic uncertainty and/or natural disasters•concentrated in Miami-Dade County, West Palm Beach County, and the exurban western end of the Treasure Coast
  • 26. 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. 28
  • 29. 29
  • 30. + Moving Forward Building Access to Opportunity 30
  • 31. + 31 Economic Development Education Opportunity Housing Transportation
  • 32. + 32 What do you think?  , Help us understand what needs to be remedied in opportunity- poor neighborhoods.  Choose your TOP THREE of the following options:  1. Enhance accessible public transportation connecting residents to jobs and education.  2. Create workforce training that matches residents with job opportunities.  3. Provide inclusionary mixed-income housing near job centers and public transportation  4. Improve educational outcomes for low-income youth and youth of color.  5. Increase financial services and products for homeownership and business development.  6. Improve access to healthy foods and health care.  7. Other:
  • 33. + 33 Credits and further information:  Project Manager: James Carras  FHEA  Urban Revitalizations Solutions, Inc. Rebecca Walter, Serge Atherwood  RAI  Anna McMaster  RasheedShotoyo  FHEA and RAI Documents will be available at seven50.org  For further information contact James Carras  Phone: 954.415.2022  Email: carras@bellsouth.net