African historypaper

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Each Homo Sapiens group leaving the Homo Sapiens African nest conservatively kept the linguistic level of development reached at the time in the nest and constructed their own communicational linguistic “langue and discourse” on this basis.

The whole phylogenic approach of language is based on three ordered articulations:

1- The phonetic articulation (vowels and consonants) giving the root languages, essentially the Semitic languages;

2- The categorical articulation (spatial and temporal, noun and verb) giving the stem languages, commonly known as isolating languages;

3- The syntactic articulation (functions and conjugations) giving the frond languages that could be differentiated in agglutinative languages (essential Turkic, Uralic, Finno-Ugric languages) and synthetic-analytical languages (Indo-European and Indo-Aryan languages). Note isolating languages and agglutinative languages cohabit among old occupants of Siberia and they provided the American Homo Sapiens populations long before Christopher Columbus, in fact even before the Ice Age, which explains why we find in America among the original populations the same types of languages as in Siberia.

We can then specify the time and geographical routes taken by these migrations. That explains for example that Europe before the Ice Age was occupied by Turkic people (Cro-Magnon and Gravettians) who still represent 70-75% of European DNA.

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African historypaper

  1. 1. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -1 PHYLOGENY OF LANGUAGE AND AFRICAN HISTORY Dr Jacques COULARDEAU CEGID Boulogne Billancourt Synopsis Paie Nice Université Paris 12 Créteil – June 14-15, 2012
  2. 2. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -2 BIPEDAL RUNNER MUTATIONS 1- Bipedal long distance running stance 2- Diaphragm 3- Rib Cage 4- Low Larynx 5- Innervation of larynx- glottis-mouth 6- Coordinating brain center: Broca’s area TRAINING 1- Development of muscles, diaphragm, lungs, heart 2- Breathing technique and tempo 3- Heart rhythm 4- Coordination of leg/body movements, breathing tempo and heart beating
  3. 3. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -3 LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTIC APPARATUS 1- Low Larynx 2- Deep breathing and regulated breath flow in and out 3- Articulation glottis – mouth – tongue – lips + nasal cavities A rich set of vowels + a rich set of consonants + surviving clicks + potential rich articulation(s)
  4. 4. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -4 THE TRAUMA OF BIRTH AND HUNGER 1- Long dependence of the child 2- First division of labor for women to nurture children with numerous and close pregnancies and deliveries: a woman is always carrying a child in a way or another after the age of 13 3- Indispensible communication that only reproduces and amplifies the need for communication in adult society
  5. 5. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -5 EXISTENTIAL COMMUNICATION CHILD RELATION OBJECT OF NURTURER ACTION TRANSFER Source Cries Cry/ Call Goal [Agent] Calls Theme Goal Delivers Food/Care Source Provides Theme EXISTENTIAL SYNTACTIC MATRIX Source R1 Theme1 Goal [Agent] Goal R2 Theme2 Source Agent
  6. 6. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -6 Gustave Guillaume and his glossogenic areas Leçon du 28 janvier 1960., Leçons des années 1958-1959 et 1959-1960, publiées sous la direction de R. Valin et W. Hirtle, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, et Paris, Librairie C. Klincksieck, 1995, pp. 305-326 Gustave Guillaume and the « word » No phylogenic approach: emergence/invention of language and diachrony No psychogenetic approach: acquisition of language by child. Only abstract ontogenic conceptualizing approach The result is (Annie Boone & André Joly, Dictionnaire Terminologique de la Systématique du Langage, L’Harmattan, 1996, p. 41-45): First area (Aire prime): holophrastic, agglutinative and isolating languages Second area (Aire seconde): Semitic languages Third area (Aire tierce): Indo-European and Indo-Aryan languages. Jacques Teyssier: the notion of « food » Germanic Root: /*fad-/ Proto-Indo-European root /*pa-/ generally specified with verbal notions. English stems: nominal /food/, verbal /feed/ English fronds or words: Nominal: food, foods, feeding(s), Verbal feed, feeds, fed, feded, feeding The root or stem can give further fronds or words: fodder(s), feeder(s)
  7. 7. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -7 The Three articulations (1) Sentence Morphogenics 1- Vowel + consonant = vocal articulation (Clicks: non-articulatable or become consonants) Meaningful vocal unit (interchange vowels and consonants) 2- Meaningful Vocal Unit + Meaningful Vocal Unit = concatenation Syncretic articulation 3- Meaningful Vocal Units + Syntax = hierarchical architecture Syntactic articulation VOCAL – SYNCRETIC – SYNTACTIC
  8. 8. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -8 MORPHOGENETIC ARCHITECTURE FIRST LEVEL: VOCAL ARTICULATION VOWELS + CONSONANTS [+ CLICKS] MEANINGFUL VOCAL UNITS (MVUs) Examples: bat – cat – fat – gat – hat – mat – pat – rat – sat – tat – vat – what - SECOND LEVEL: SYNCRETIC ARTICULATION MVU + MVU CONCATENATED MVUs Examples: dog woof woof – bird fly – yum yum macaroni – Me? Wine? Never! THIRD LEVEL: SYNTACTIC ARTICULATION MVUs + SYNTAX HIERARCHICAL ARCHITECTURE Examples: "Colorless green ideas sleep furiously“ (Noam Chomsky) “To be or not to be, that is the question” (William Shakespeare)
  9. 9. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -9 The Three articulations (2) Word Morphogenics 1- ROOT Consonantal roots in Semitic languages Root + discursive inflection = word 2- STEM Root + Categorial inflection in isolating languages Invariable Stem = word 3- FROND Stem + nominal declension or verbal conjugation in agglutinative and synthetic/analytical languages Frond = word ROOT + STEMIC INFLECTION + DECLENSION:CONJUGATION AFFIXES { [ ( RT ) ST ] DEC/CON }
  10. 10. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -10 MORPHOGENETIC TREE FRONDS SYNTAX STEMS ROOTS THIRD ARTICULATION SECOND ARTICULATION FIRST ARTICULATION
  11. 11. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -11 LINGUISTIC CONSERVATISM One migrates with one’s language. CONSERVATISM An individual or a group tends to conserve their languages A migrating language (carried by migrating people) develops from the state reached at the time of migration. PROGRESSIVENESS CONSERVATIVE PROGRESSIVENESS PROGRESSIVE CONSERVATISM Sentence morphogenics evolve on the basis of the level of word morphogenics reached at the time of the migration
  12. 12. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -12 MIGRATIONS AND MORPHOGENICS 1- Migrations within Africa a- Click languages to Southern Africa along East coast
  13. 13. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -13 MIGRATIONS AND MORPHOGENICS 1- Migrations within Africa b- Root languages down the Niles, then west into the Maghreb and East into the Levant with movement back out of it from 80,000 to 35,000 BP: consonantal root languages, Semitic languages
  14. 14. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -14 MIGRATIONS AND MORPHOGENICS 2- Migrations out of Africa a- Stem languages along the southern Arabian corridor into Pakistan and then to eastern Asia: isolating languages, sino-tibetan languages, khmer- burman languages, Chinese, Korean, Japanese
  15. 15. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -15 MIGRATIONS AND MORPHOGENICS 2- Migrations out of Africa b- Frond1 languages along the southern Arabian corridor, into Pakistan then north and west under the Caspian sea to Anatolia, Caucasus and Europe, with alternative route north along the Caspian sea into central Asia, Siberia and then the Americas to the east and Ural and Europe to the West
  16. 16. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -16 MIGRATIONS AND MORPHOGENICS 2- Migrations out of Africa c- Frond2 languages along the southern Arabian corridor, up the Persian Gulf to Mesopotamia, then up to the Iranian plateau, and then later down east to the Indian subcontinent (Indo-Aryran languages) and down west to Mesopotamia-Anatolia-Greece and alternative route to the north through the Caucasus and into Europe (Indo-European languages)
  17. 17. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -17 TIMELINE OF MIGRATIONS 1- Emergence of Homo Sapiens, hence of articulated language 250,000 BP and moving backward 2- Click Khoisan languages as early as 250,000-200,000 BP 3- Consonantal Semitic languages 150,000 BP 4- Isolating Asian languages 100,000 BP 5- Agglutinative Turkic languages 75,000 BP To Europe: circa 45,000 BP 6- Synthetic/analytic Indo-European/Indo-Aryan languages 50,000 BP To Indian subcontinent and Europe circa 10,000 BP 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 75,000 50,000 45,000 21,000 10,000 7-8,000 Homo Click Consonantal Isolating Agglutinative Synthetic Cro- Ice-Age Indo-A Neolithic Sapiens Khoisan Semitic Asian Turkic Analytic -Magnon ¨Peak Indo-E Change
  18. 18. Dr Jacques Coulardeau - Créteil June 14-15, 2012 -18 Thanks and fare thee well

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