The amish almost finished


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The amish almost finished

  1. 1. The Beginning Amish history can be traced to the Anabaptist movement Emerged in 1693 as a distinguished group among the Anabaptists  Lived along the southern Rhine River, in Switzerland and in the Alsace region of France Named after their founder, Jacob Amman The Amish movement started as a reform group within the Mennonite movement Amman felt that the Mennonites had drifted away from their original beliefs and practices Some Amish went to the United States in the 18th century  Initially settled in Pennsylvania  Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Missouri, New York, Ohio, and other states
  2. 2. What did they change? Received communion twice a year instead of only once  Prior to receiving communion, believers practiced self-reflection Reintroduced the practice of foot washing Shunned those who did not conform  Amman felt that the Mennonites let the practice be disused  Treated shunning very seriously  Required the spouse of the shunned person to neither sleep nor eat with his/her shunned spouse until he/she repented or changed his/her beliefs
  3. 3. How do they view the sacraments? Generally, in their late teen years and early 20s that Amish youth are expected to decide if they truly want to join the church Adult baptism is seen as a lifelong vow that must be taken seriously  Individuals who break this vow face expulsion and shunning from the Amish community Couples marry for life  Divorces and remarriages never occur Communion services are held each spring and fall  Emphasizes self-examination and self rejuvenation  Sins are confessed  Vows are renewed
  4. 4. How do they worship? A bible reading followed by an hour-long main sermon embodies the values of humility and submission.  Preachers begin with a biblical blessing, then confess their unworthiness to preach Following the main sermon, many ordained men offer testimony Entire service takes about three hours After the service, the community eats a meal prepared by the women of the community
  5. 5.  Vehicles: With very few exceptions, Old Order Amish congregations do not allow theThe Amish Lifestyle owning or use of automobiles or farm tractors. However, they will  Language: Members usually ride in cars when needed. speak Pennsylvania  Electrical devices: They do not Dutch (Deutsch). High German is use electricity, or have radios, TV sets, personal computers, computer used during worship. Children games, etc. learn English at school.  Telephones: In-home telephones  Education: Schools are one-room are not normally allowed. Some buildings run by the Amish. families have a phone remote from the house. Formal education beyond Grade 8  Rumspringa: Teens aged 16 and is discouraged. older are allowed some freedom in  Appearance: Men grow beards, behavior. They may be allowed to but not mustaches date, go out with their friends, visit the outside world, go to parties,  Clothing: Men usually dress in a drink alcoholic beverages, wear plain, dark colored suit. Women jeans, etc. The intent of usually wear a plain colored dress rumspringa is to make certain that youth are giving their informed with long sleeves, bonnet and consent if they decide to be apron. baptized. About 80% to 90% decide to remain Amish.
  6. 6. The Amish
  7. 7. Mennonite*Jesus is the son of God -fully human -fully God*Believe in Father, Son, and Holy Spirit*During services: -singing -reading scripture -sermon -praying
  8. 8. Mennonite*Baptism is performed on Seven Ordinances:adults so they can confess *Baptism on Confession oftheir belief or faith in God. Faith *Lords Supper *Washing of the Saints Feet *The Holy Kiss *Marriage*Communion is symbolic, *Ordination of bishops,remembering Jesus sacrifice preachers of the word, and deacons *Anointing with oil for the healing
  9. 9. Mennonite*No restrictions on technology*Do not live in a specialcommunity*Participate in community andservice
  10. 10. History And Beliefs
  11. 11. Beginnings The Baptist Church began to take shape in the Sixteenth Century, in a period known as the post- Reformation Period. The founder of the Baptist Religion was John Smyth. Smyth preformed a very dangerous and radical act by re-Baptizing himself as an adult.
  12. 12. Start of A Church Smyth and fellow reformer, Helwys, fled England to go to Holland after being persecuted for trying to purify the Church of England of all traces of the Catholic Church. Smyth and Helwys joined a group of ‘Seperatists’ in the city of Gainsborough.
  13. 13. Beliefs and Views of Baptists Prime philosopher of the Baptist Religion was Calvin The Baptists Baptize but do not believe that Grace is passed on by Baptism or Original Sin is washed away at Baptism. Baptist take part in Eucharist, but do not believe that the bread and wine are God, but they are symbolic of the Last Supper. Believe in total immersion
  14. 14. Beliefs of the Early Baptists. Baptist Church was built on three core values.  The Bible, not through tradition or prayers, was the way to deal with all matters of faith.  The Church should be made up of believers only, not those brought into the Church when they were infants and didn’t willingly join the Church.  The Church should be led by those believers, not by hierarchy of bishops.
  15. 15. History of Later Baptist Baptists eventually broke into two different groups.  General Baptists who believe Christ died for everyone.  Particular Baptists believed Christ died only for a particular group. The two groups eventually came together 1813 to form a ‘General Union’, which became the Baptist Union of England or Ireland
  16. 16. Baptists Today Baptists are part of an alliance known as the Baptist World Alliance. Unites Baptists throughout the world and focus primarily on matters of Faith.
  17. 17. There is no creed. Some hold diverse concerns of life after death. Few believe in eternal punishment. Contribute more in the promotion of tolerance, peace, and justice compared to any other Christian domination. Some Quakers hold meetings where members can share his or her feelings. Others hold meetings that are close to Christian servicesQuakers are found in parts of Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.
  18. 18. QUAKERpersonal encounter with God, not a ritual or a ceremonyTrue religion is a BELIEFS Individual worth before God Worship is an act of seeking Virtues: moral purity, integrity, honesty, simplicity, and humility. Christian love and goodness Concern for the suffering and the unfortunate Continuing revelation through the Holy Spirit.
  19. 19. Anabaptists Ana- “again” Baptists- “Baptizers The name Anabaptist is applied to those who practice re-baptism They are part of the Radical Reformation of 16th century Europe Required that baptismal canadates do their own confessions of faith The Amish and the Mennonites are direct descendants of the Anabaptists Disliked the name Anabaptist
  20. 20.  Because of their practice of re-baptism, they were heavily persecuted during the 16th and 17th centuries by Protestants and Roman Catholics Anabaptists adhered to a literal interpretation of the Sermon on the Mount
  21. 21. Key Principals Infant baptism is invalid Rejected oaths Rejected capitol punishment Refrain from magic Justification by faith alone was rejected because it had no scriptural warrant The new Kingdom of God was to be the reconstruction of the Church AND the State No Christian has the “right of the sword” Civil government belongs to the world
  22. 22. Monogenesis Anabaptism began in Zürich Then it moved to Germany, Austria, and the Netherlands, where it developed into different branches Started around January 1525
  23. 23. Polygenesis Anabaptism developed through multiple independent movements Started in South Germany, Switzerland, and other countries
  24. 24. Apostolic Succession It was a continuation of Christianity Most popular theory among the religious groups
  25. 25. Common Beliefs and Practices The Bible is the sole rule of faith and practice Freedom of religion Seperation of Church and State Pacifism Separation to the world Voluntary Church Membership
  26. 26. THEtheRADICAL REFORMED GROUPMatch picture with the group.Quakers, Anabaptist, Baptist, Amish, and Mennonite
  27. 27. GAME cont.