IDENTIFICATION OF
TRAINING AND
DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
Jacob John Panicker
OBJECTIVES
• Why is identification of need of employee training and development crucial
for an organization?
• How can the...
INTRODUCTION
A training and development needs assessment may be defined as the
process of identifying problems that are si...
1. Problem Identification
The sorts of problems that lend themselves to solution by means of
training include the followin...
3. Determining Solution
If training is the solution or part of the solution, the particular training
needs must be identif...
DEFINITION
“Training Need Assessment (identification) is the systematic effort that we
make to gather opinions and ideas f...
A training need exists when there is a gap between what is required of
an employee to perform their work competently and w...
PROCESS OF TNI
Organizational needs assessment: Analysis of environment, strategies and
resources to determine where to em...
SYSTEMATIC PROCESS
• Problem Identification: Firstly the problem or problem areas need to be
identified for appropriate training intervention...
TNI OCCURS AT TWO LEVEL
• At the individuals level
Identification begins with the job description. This will provide a lis...
• At the organizational level
Training needs may be identified through the performance appraisal
system. This may provide ...
TOOLS/METHODS FOR TNI
• Tools/ Methods for identifying training and development needs depend on
the scope of the assessmen...
4. Surveys: Surveys are usually in the form of a questionnaire.
5. Interviews: Interviews may be formal or informal.
6. Su...
THANKS
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Identification of training and development needs

  1. 1. IDENTIFICATION OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT NEEDS Jacob John Panicker
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES • Why is identification of need of employee training and development crucial for an organization? • How can the needs for training and developing employees be identified? • What are the common tools for identifying training and development needs?
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION A training and development needs assessment may be defined as the process of identifying problems that are signaled by deficiencies in compliance with standards or external requirements and that can be resolved wholly or partly by training and development programme. It’s a step by step program.
  4. 4. 1. Problem Identification The sorts of problems that lend themselves to solution by means of training include the following. Problems may be identified through review of records, actual problem faced or, more broadly, through the failure to meet organizational goals. Problems can be anticipated. 2. Problem Analysis The next step is to analyze the problems so that necessary training may be identified. Problem analysis involves collecting information about the problem so that its causes can be determined. It also requires determining an appropriate standard, which should be met.
  5. 5. 3. Determining Solution If training is the solution or part of the solution, the particular training needs must be identified. What combination of skills and knowledge is required and whom? 4. Setting Priorities and Goals Once training and development needs have been clearly identified, the next step is to set priorities and objectives. Consideration must be given to the relative urgency of various training needs, taking into account factors such as the relative severity of consequences should no training is undertaken, the frequency with which problems are likely to occur.
  6. 6. DEFINITION “Training Need Assessment (identification) is the systematic effort that we make to gather opinions and ideas from a variety of sources on performance problems or new systems and technologies”. --Allison Rossett: 1987-Objectives of TNI • To determine whether training is needed. • To determine causes of poor performance. • To determine desired training and development outcomes. • To provide basis of measurement. • To gain management support.
  7. 7. A training need exists when there is a gap between what is required of an employee to perform their work competently and what they actual know as depicted below.
  8. 8. PROCESS OF TNI Organizational needs assessment: Analysis of environment, strategies and resources to determine where to emphasize training. Task needs assessment: Analysis of the activities to be performed in order to determine needed competencies. Employee needs assessment: Analysis of performance, knowledge, and skills in order to determine who needs training.
  9. 9. SYSTEMATIC PROCESS
  10. 10. • Problem Identification: Firstly the problem or problem areas need to be identified for appropriate training intervention. • Design of needs analysis: The design of the needs analysis is to be determined in order to identify appropriate method for training and development intervention. • Data collection of needs: This step pertains to collecting data of training and development needs. • Data analysis: After collection of data, it needs to be carefully analyzed. Quantitative & qualitative analysis are undertaken to interpret the raw data. • Providing feedback: Feedback should be provided to the management either through a written or through oral presentation. • Developing action plan: here, an action plan is developed to meet the identified needs of training and development of employees.
  11. 11. TNI OCCURS AT TWO LEVEL • At the individuals level Identification begins with the job description. This will provide a list of the skills and knowledge required. It can be compared with the actual skills and knowledge that the jobholder processes. managers will also be able to identify training for their subordinates. One of the best ways of achieving this is through the appraisal interview, where agreed training needs can be identified.
  12. 12. • At the organizational level Training needs may be identified through the performance appraisal system. This may provide the key channel for feeding back individual needs. The information should be processed by human resource development department in order to plan the overall needs of the organization.
  13. 13. TOOLS/METHODS FOR TNI • Tools/ Methods for identifying training and development needs depend on the scope of the assessment and on available resources. All or some of the following methods may be used: 1. Documentation review: various workplace process and inspection reports can be examined to determine problems faced in workplace, which has bearing, and needs. 2. Specific analysis: various investigation reports of external agencies such as buyers, statutory authorities and job and task analyses may be examined for their specific relevance to the problem in question. 3. Observation: Observation of work samples of supervisors, workers and others be used to assess attitudes and perceived problem areas.
  14. 14. 4. Surveys: Surveys are usually in the form of a questionnaire. 5. Interviews: Interviews may be formal or informal. 6. Suggestion box: A suggestion box is a very basic needs assessment tool. 7. Meetings, reports, newsletters: Attending meetings, and reading the organizational news letter can be useful to find out about new programs and services, and new directions the organization is taking, in order to anticipate the need for collecting certain subject areas. 8. CQI/ TQM process: Any of the aforementioned tools may be used in the continuous quality improvement process to uncover areas in need of improvement and to measure progress toward improvement.
  15. 15. THANKS
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