O Near the equator in the direction of the Earth’s rotation (east).O Popular places were rockets have been launched: Cape Canaveral in Florida, USA, Vandenberg in California, USA, Baikonur in Russia and Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia.
O The speed an object needs to be travelling at to escape a planet’s or moons gravitation pull.O Space probes need to exceed 11.2kms-1 .O The Voyager probes had a velocity of 14kms-1.
O Twin probes were launched by NASA in 1977 from Cape Canaveral, Florida aboard a Titan-Centaur rocket.O Primary mission was the exploration of Jupiter and Saturn.O On completion, the mission was extended.O Current mission: The exploration the solar system beyond the outer planets.
O Between the twin probes they would explore all the giant outer planets, 48 of their moons, and the unique systems of rings and magnetic fields those planets possess.
O Knowledge of space to society and through space probes astronomy’s biggest discoveries have been made.O Use of TeflonO Health and medicine, transportation, public safety, consumer goods, environmental and agricultural resources, computer technology and industrial productivity
O Defined as: Using the motion of a planet to assist a space probe’s acceleration into outer space.
O Were either government or educational implemented.O Notes used as a source of information were from class notes.O Compared with other sources to check for consistency in the information.O Up to date sites
O Relevant to answering the questions in the task.O Relevant to classwork in understanding HSC dot points.
O Andrea Angrum. (2010). Interstellar Mission. Available: http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/. Last accessed 21 November 2011.O Arthur. (2009). Arthurs Machine clipart. Available:O http://www.arthursclipart.org/machines/machines/page_02.htm. Last accessed 28th November 2011.O Bill Casselman. (2010). Slingshots and Space Probes. Available: http://www.ams.org/samplings/feature-column/fcarc- slingshot. Last accessed 22nd November 2011.O Dr. David R. Williams. (2010). Venus Factsheet. Available: http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/venusfact.html. Last accessed 28 November 2011.O Greg Marsden. Physics notes Unit 9. Escaping the planet.
O Ph.D. Anthony R. Curtis. (2009). Communicating With Interplanetary Spacecraft. Available: http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/DeepSpaceNetwork/DeepSp aceNetwork.html. Last accessed 27th November 2011.O Ph.D. Anthony R. Curtis. (2009). Space Rocket Launch Sites Around the World. Available: http://www.spacetoday.org/Rockets/Spaceports/LaunchSites.ht ml. Last accessed 22nd November 2011.O Ph.D. Anthony R. Curtis. (2009). Voyagers are leaving the Solar System. Available: http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Voyagers20years.html. Last accessed 21 November 2011.O Porco, Carolyn. "Voyager." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 23 Nov. 2011.
O Portia Wolf. (2010). Voyager 1 & 2. Available: http://lasp.colorado.edu/education/outerplanets/missions_voyag ers.php. Last accessed 21 November 2011.O Prof. Richard Pogge. (2010). Lecture 21: Dance of the Planets. Available: http://cassini.mps.ohio- state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit4/dance.html. Last accessed 22nd November 2011.O Tony Greicius. (2011). Mars. Available: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/main/index.html. Last accessed 27th November 2011.O J.R. Wilson. (2008). Space Program Benefits: NASA’s Positive Impact on Society. Available: http://www.nasa.gov/50th/50th_magazine/benefits.html. Last accessed 27th November 2011.O Keith Gibbs. (2009). Slingshot or gravity assist. Available: http://www.schoolphysics.co.uk/age14- 16/Astronomy/text/Slingshot_/index.html. Last accessed 22nd November 2011.