VLADIMIR PROPP (1895-1970)Propp was a Bulgarian theorist. In his 1922 work The Morphology of the Folk Tale heanalysed something like 400 Russian folk tales. He found that across all of thesetales, despite apparent differences, characters and their actions can be categorizedinto clearly defined roles and functions (8 character roles and 31 narrative functions)which are summarized here:The hero: seeks something, to fulfill a ‘lack’ of some kindThe villain: opposed the hero, tries to make the hero failThe donor: aids the hero by providing an object with magical propertiesThe dispatcher: sends the hero on a quest of some kindThe false hero: pretends to be the heroThe helper: assists the hero in some wayThe princess: doubles up as a reward for the hero and the object of thevillain’s plotHer father: will reward the hero (often by giving the hero his daughter)DARK KNIGHT RISES(which character fulfils this role and why?)Hero Batman- Hes the Gaurdian of Gotham City and protects it.Villain Bane tries to destroy Gotham with a Power Core (bassicaly anuke)Donor Lucius Fox, provides batman with all of his Gadgets and VehiclesDispatcher John Blake, goes to see Bruce Wayne and convinces him to beBatman once again.Commisioner Gordon gets visited by batman and tells him thatBatman is once again needed in gothamFalse hero Mirana Tate, Shes basically the master mind of it all but we dontknow this and find out all about it when she shanks batmanHelper Alfred Batmans butler provides support emotionally and hasbeen part of the family for yearsCatWoman, helps batman find bane and defeat him too.John Blake also helps defeat Bane and is key in helping thePolice escape the sewersPrincess Selina Kyle and Bruce Wayne fall in love at the end of the filmand are seen greeting alfred.Father Ras Al Ghul is Miranada Tates father and she was the real childwho escaped from the pit he came back to the pit to kill all theprisoners but kept bane alive due to him helping miranadaescape.It is difficult to
PROPP NARRATIVE FUNCTIONThese functions should not be seen just as events, actions or characters in themselves, but aselements in a narrative which can occur at different places. The same action can have a differentmeaning depending on where it occurs.PREPARATIONA community (akingdom, family, etc.) ina state of orderGotham is Safe.A member of the familyleaves homeAlfred quits his jobA prohibition/rule isimposed on the heroBatman is wanted.A prohibition / rule isignores or brokenBatman tries to find Bane and the police find out hesback.The villain makes anattempt atreconnaissance; tries tofind something outabout the heroSelina Kyle tries to steal Bruces finger prints.The villain learnssomething about hisvictimBane finds a letter from Gordon about who the realHarvey Dent is.The villain tries todeceive the victim togain an advantageMiranda flirts with Bruce in order to get close to himThe victim is deceivedand unknowingly helpsthe villainBatman gives the bomb to MiranadaCOMPLICATIONThe state of order isdisruptedSelina Kyle steals from Bruce and Bane overthorws theplaneThe villain harms amember of the familyBanes henchmen shoots GordonA member of the familylacks or desiressomethingAlfred wants Bruce to leave this one to the PoliceThis lack is madeknown to the hero whois sent on a questAlfred tries to use Rachel against Bruce.The hero plans actionagainst the villainBatman Fights BaneTRANSFERENCEThe hero leaves home Bane chucks him into the pit.The hero is tested,attacked, interrogated:the hero receives helpBane beats batman up and breaks his back
The hero reacts to thedonorBatman uses Foxs gadgets and his aircraft.The hero is transferredto the location wherehe will fulfill his quest /taskBatman comes back to Gotham CitySTRUGGLEThere is a strugglebetween the hero andthe villainBatman and Bane have their show off in the middle of thewar between the criminals and the policeThe hero is branded Bruces Back gets snapped into twoThe villain is defeated Cat women shoots Bane with Bruces bikeThe initial state of orderis restored / the lackfulfilledBanes plans have failed and gotham city is once againsafe.RETURNThe hero returns Batman returns from the Pit into Gotham itself.The hero is pursed The Police try to hunt him down.The hero escapes / isrescuedBruce Wayne finally makes it out a live from the pit.The hero arrives homeor some other place: heis not recognizedWhen batman comes back from his 8 year break he findshimself not as strong as he used to be.A false hero makes afalse claimMiranda says hes going to make safe energy from theReactor.The hero is given adifficult taskBruce mus climb from the pit.The task isaccomplishedBatman saves Gotham city.RECOGNITIONThe hero is recognized They make a Batman statueThe false hero / villainis exposedPeople realise it was actually miranada TateThe false hero / villaintransformsWe find out Miranda tate is fulfilling Ras Al Ghuls destinyThe false hero / villainis punishedBatman crashes mirandas car.
The hero is rewarded(marries the princessand is grantedwealth/power)Batman and Catwoman leave Gotham City