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Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

Plant Cells vs. Animal Cells

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  • 1. PLANT vs. ANIMAL CELLS
    Shannon Muskopf, Anacharis, September 9, 2009, via Flicker, Attribution-Noncommercial license
    Shannon Muskopf, Cheek Cell, September 6, 2009,Via Flicker, Attribution-Noncommercial license
  • 2. IN GENERAL
    Structure and Location
    Cells are dynamic
    Cells allow life
    Cells: basic building blocks of life
  • 3. DYNAMIC CELL
    LOCATION=JOB
    The stems purpose is transportation
    Cells in the stem are elongated
    BlueRidgeKittes, Corn Section, 3-11-2010 via flicker, Attribution-NonCommerical-shareAlike
  • 4. The leaf has two main purposes.
    Stomata control water loss
    Photosynthesis produce food for the plant.
    Chloroplasts are where photosynthesis takes place.
    Shannon Muskopf, Anacharis, September 9, 2009, via Flicker, Attribution-Noncommercial license.
    DYNAMIC CELL
    LOCATION=JOB
    Universities of Miami Libraries Digital Aleuries Montana, 5-24-2009, via flicker, Attribution NonCommercial.
  • 5. DYNAMIC CELL
    LOCATION=JOB
    Purpose of the root is storage
    Sugar is stored as food
    There are lots of open spaces
    Ah Pao, Dicot Root, 9-20-2010, via flicker, Attribution-nonCommerical-share alike
  • 6. CELL STRUCTURE
    The Nucleus is in plants and animals
    The Nucleus stores DNA
    The Science Floor, Garlic Root Cells, 1-28-2008, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommerical
    Ribosome
    Ribosome are in Plants and Animals
    Ribosomes synthesize Proteins
    Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
  • 7. Cell Structure
    Rough ER
    Ribosomes
    The Endoplasmic Reticulum(ER) is in both
    The Rough ERsynthesizes protiens
    The Smooth ER: synthesizes, breaks down and creates Lipids
    Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
    Smooth ER
  • 8. CELL STRUCTURE
    Golgi Apparatus processes information
    Nicknamed the "Post Office”
    Mitochondriaproduces energy
    Nicknamed the “power plant”
    Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
    Golgi
    Apparatus
    Mitochondria
  • 9. QUESTION?
    What is the purpose of the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum?
    A- Store DNA
    B- Synthesize Proteins
    C- Process, creates, breaks down Lipids
    D- Process and distribute
  • 10. PLANT CELL STRUCTURE
    Chloroplasts are found only in plants
    They are the location of Photosynthesis
    Photosynthesis produces food for the plant
    The Vacuole is found only in plants
    It stores waste and water
    Shannon Muskopf, Anacharis, September 9, via flicker, 2009, Attribution-Noncommercial license
  • 11. ANIMAL CELL STRUCTURE
    Lysosomes are found only in animals
    They are nicknamed the “garbage disposal”
    They're similar to vacuoles in plants.
    Differences are size, numbers, and storage
    Xevi V, Ultraestructurad’unacel-lula animal, march 14, 2009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
  • 12. Outer LAYER
    Phospholipid bilayer
    Animal Cells only have a Membrane
    Nicknamed “bouncer”
    Membranesregulate movement in and out
    Plants have Mem-
    branes and walls.
    A Cell Wall is for support
    Jess Largent, Phospholipid bilayer, 2-6-2006, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
    AJ Cann, Fungal Cell Wall, 4-72009, via flicker, Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike
  • 13. Purpose
    Plants and animals rely on each other
    Plants need Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
    Animals need Oxygen (O2)
    Plants create Oxygen during Photosynthesis
    Animals create Carbon Dioxide during Cellular Respiration
  • 14. QUESTION
    What cellular process produces O2?
    A- Plant and animal cellular respiration
    B- Photosynthesis in plants
    C- Photosynthesis in animals
    D-Cellular respiration in animals only
  • 15. Come Again
    Structure
    • Differences
    • 16. similarities
    Dynamic
    • Difference between stem, roots, leaf cells
    Purpose
    • CO2 for plants and O2 for animals
  • References
    The information on all of the slides came from:
    Freeman, Scott. Biological Science third edition: Inside The Cell. San Fransice, 2008.

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