CITING SOURCES MLA STYLE
Why Cite Sources? <ul><li>To avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>To credit the source with the original idea or information...
Plagiarism <ul><li>Plagiarism is a crime – it is the the theft of someone’s else’s words, ideas, or research. </li></ul><u...
Avoid Plagiarism <ul><li>Introduce any material you have borrowed from another source with a signal phrase that mentions t...
You will Fail THERE IS  -0- TOLERANCE FOR PLAGIARISM IN THIS COURSE
Help is Here <ul><li>If you are confused about what plagiarism is or how to cite sources, please make an appointment with ...
Internal Documentation Citing Sources in the  Text of an Essay
What Needs To Be Cited? <ul><li>Quotations </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrased ideas  </li></ul><ul><li>Summarized information <...
Ways To Cite Sources Include: <ul><li>Quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
Parenthetical Citation <ul><li>The parenthetical citation must match the first word of the Works Cited citation -- usually...
Quotation <ul><li>In a quotation, the exact words of the source are quoted in quotation marks. Use single quotation marks ...
Quotation <ul><li>Long quotes, quotes over 3 lines, should be indented and do not include quotation marks: According to Ri...
Paraphrase <ul><li>In a paraphrase the writer restates what the author has said in his/her own words.  A paraphrase is als...
Summary <ul><li>In a summary, the writer states in an abbreviated form the idea that the original author has expressed. A ...
Remember... <ul><li>All information borrowed from another source must be acknowledged with a parenthetical citation </li><...
Remember... <ul><li>The parenthetical citation must match the first word of the Works Cited citation, usually the author’s...
Bibliographies  and  Works Cited Lists
What’s the Difference? <ul><li>A  Bibliography  lists all the sources consulted in research for a specific essay. </li></u...
Overall Format <ul><li>The title --  Bibliography  or  Works Cited  -- is centered at the top of the page.  It is not unde...
Sample Citations: MLA FORMAT
A Book Bragg, Rick.  Somebody Told Me: The      Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg.  Tuscaloosa:      U of  Alabama P, 2000. ...
Chapter in a  Book Bragg, Rick. “Country Club Meets the Enemy:  Country  Music and Pigs.” 1999. Rpt.  Somebody  Told Me: T...
Article in a Multi-Volume Reference Work Larkin, Joan. &quot;Frontiers of Language: Three Poets.&quot;  1974. Exc. in &quo...
Article in a Journal Maxwell, Bill. “Angry Young Man.”  Forum:  The Magazine of the Florida Humanities Council.  XXII.2 (S...
Article in a Journal found in an Online Database author  title of article name of journal Eder, Richard, &quot;The Greates...
Article found on an  Internet Site author  title of webpage  date posted name of website Lu Yanguang. &quot;Madame Li.&quo...
Work in an Anthology Whitman, Walt. “Osceola.” 1892.  Florida in Poetry:.  A History of the Imagination.  Eds. Jane Anders...
Poems from Online Sources <ul><li>McKay, Claude. “Spring in New Hampshire.”  </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia Granger's World of...
Bios from Online Sources <ul><li>“ Adrienne Rich.”  Poet’s Org.  2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Academy of American Poets. 22 May...
Bibliography Bragg, Rick. “Country Club Meets the Enemy: Country  Music and  Pigs.” 1999. Rpt.  Somebody Told Me: The  New...
Larkin, Joan. &quot;Frontiers of Language: Three Poets.&quot; 1974. Exc. in  &quot;Audre Lord.”  Contemporary Literary Cri...
Whitman, Walt. “Osceola.” 1892.  Florida in Poetry: A History of the  Imagination.  Eds. Jane Anderson Jones and Maurice O...
REMEMBER… <ul><li>The title --  Bibliography  or  Works Cited  -- is centered at the top of the page.  It is not underline...
For Further Information <ul><li>Jane Jones’  Tools for Writing and Research : http://www.mccfl.edu/Faculty/Jonesj/Tools/to...
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Citing sources (1)

  1. 1. CITING SOURCES MLA STYLE
  2. 2. Why Cite Sources? <ul><li>To avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>To credit the source with the original idea or information </li></ul><ul><li>To lend credibility and authority to a thesis </li></ul><ul><li>To back up ideas with credible illustrations, known facts, and accepted statistics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Plagiarism <ul><li>Plagiarism is a crime – it is the the theft of someone’s else’s words, ideas, or research. </li></ul><ul><li>If you commit plagiarism, you can fail a course, be expelled from college, lose your job. </li></ul><ul><li>The easiest route to plagiarism today is cutting and pasting from the internet. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Avoid Plagiarism <ul><li>Introduce any material you have borrowed from another source with a signal phrase that mentions the author (or if there is no author, the title ) of the source. </li></ul><ul><li>Put in quotation marks, any phrase or sentence(s) you have borrowed from the source. </li></ul><ul><li>If the quotation is longer than 3 lines, indent the quoted words. </li></ul><ul><li>ANY PHRASES OR SENTENCES QUOTED EXACTLY AND NOT IN QUOTATION MARKS OR INDENTED ARE PLAGIARIZED. </li></ul>
  5. 5. You will Fail THERE IS -0- TOLERANCE FOR PLAGIARISM IN THIS COURSE
  6. 6. Help is Here <ul><li>If you are confused about what plagiarism is or how to cite sources, please make an appointment with me to clarify any issues you might have.  </li></ul><ul><li>If this is a last minute issue, email me, and I will try to respond promptly.   </li></ul>
  7. 7. Internal Documentation Citing Sources in the Text of an Essay
  8. 8. What Needs To Be Cited? <ul><li>Quotations </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrased ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Summarized information </li></ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Studies </li></ul><ul><li>When in doubt, acknowledge the source of the information </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ways To Cite Sources Include: <ul><li>Quotation </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrase </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  10. 10. Parenthetical Citation <ul><li>The parenthetical citation must match the first word of the Works Cited citation -- usually the author’s last name -- and must include the page number of the quote, if taken from a paginated text: (Bragg 123). </li></ul><ul><li>Bragg , Rick. “Country Club Meets the Enemy: Country Music and Pigs.” 1999. Rpt. Somebody Told Me: The Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2000. 123-25. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Quotation <ul><li>In a quotation, the exact words of the source are quoted in quotation marks. Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the quotation with a signal phrase: Rick Bragg quotes pig farmer, Paul Thompson : </li></ul><ul><li>In his article about the new Florida meeting the old Florida, Rick Bragg quotes pig farmer, Paul Thompson , “ ‘ Now who, ’ ” Mr. Thompson said, ‘ would choose to build a golf course next to a pig farm? Didn’t they read the sign? It says pig farm, not rose garden ’ ” (Bragg 123). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Quotation <ul><li>Long quotes, quotes over 3 lines, should be indented and do not include quotation marks: According to Rick Bragg: Lawyers for the club have said that Mr. Thompson and the neighbor who also raises music-accented pork, Tom Rossano, want the club to buy their properties at an inflated price, to gain peace and quiet. (Bragg 124) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Paraphrase <ul><li>In a paraphrase the writer restates what the author has said in his/her own words. A paraphrase is also introduced with a signal phrase, and the source of the information must be cited: </li></ul><ul><li>Bragg tells us that the country club has sued Mr. Thompson, not because of the smell, but because of the distraction caused by the country music (Bragg 123). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Summary <ul><li>In a summary, the writer states in an abbreviated form the idea that the original author has expressed. A summary is also introduced with a signal phrase, and source information must be cited: </li></ul><ul><li>Rick Bragg describes a scene in Pt. St. Lucie where an old established pig farm wafts its manure-laden fragrance mixed with country music over to its next-door-neighbor, the manicured Florida Club golf course (Bragg 123). </li></ul>
  15. 15. Remember... <ul><li>All information borrowed from another source must be acknowledged with a parenthetical citation </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce borrowed information with a signal phrase: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to Alice Ames, ... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Smith says…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samuel Jones tells us… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In a study by Dr. Elizabeth Owens, ... </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Remember... <ul><li>The parenthetical citation must match the first word of the Works Cited citation, usually the author’s last name, and include a page reference. </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes repeat the author’s exact words. </li></ul><ul><li>Paraphrases restate the author’s words in the writer’s own words. </li></ul><ul><li>Summaries abbreviate the author’s words. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bibliographies and Works Cited Lists
  18. 18. What’s the Difference? <ul><li>A Bibliography lists all the sources consulted in research for a specific essay. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Preliminary Bibliography or Working Bibliography lists all the sources the writer thinks s/he will be using in the essay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Works Cited lists all the works actually cited in the text of the essay. </li></ul><ul><li>Both a Bibliography and Works Cited list are formatted in the same way. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Overall Format <ul><li>The title -- Bibliography or Works Cited -- is centered at the top of the page. It is not underlined, italicized or quoted. It should be the same font size as the rest of the citations. </li></ul><ul><li>The citation list is double-spaced throughout. </li></ul><ul><li>The citation list is alphabetized. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is no author, the citation begins with the title of the work – quoted if an article or poem, underlined or italicized if a book. </li></ul><ul><li>The first line of each citation is at the margin; subsequent lines should be indented about ten spaces. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sample Citations: MLA FORMAT
  21. 21. A Book Bragg, Rick. Somebody Told Me: The Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2000. author title of book subtitle of book city of publication publisher year of publication
  22. 22. Chapter in a Book Bragg, Rick. “Country Club Meets the Enemy: Country Music and Pigs.” 1999. Rpt. Somebody Told Me: The Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2000. 123-25. author title of chapter original publication date reprint city publisher year of publication inclusive chapter pages title of book subtitle of book
  23. 23. Article in a Multi-Volume Reference Work Larkin, Joan. &quot;Frontiers of Language: Three Poets.&quot; 1974. Exc. in &quot;Audre Lord.” Contemporary Literary Criticism . Vol. 18. Ed. Sharon R. Gunton. Detroit: Gale Research, 1982. 307-08. author title of work original date volume editor city publisher year of publication inclusive pages of work excerpted title of article title of reference work
  24. 24. Article in a Journal Maxwell, Bill. “Angry Young Man.” Forum: The Magazine of the Florida Humanities Council. XXII.2 (Summer 1999): 8-17. author title of article name of journal volume number date inclusive pages of article
  25. 25. Article in a Journal found in an Online Database author title of article name of journal Eder, Richard, &quot;The Greatest Woman Poet Since Sappho.&quot; Los Angeles Times Book Review 18 Mar. 1990. 3+. Galenet: Literature Resource Center. LINCC. 10 Jan. 2004. date pages publisher database provider date accessed
  26. 26. Article found on an Internet Site author title of webpage date posted name of website Lu Yanguang. &quot;Madame Li.&quot; 1997.  Asia Pac: 100 Celebrated Chinese Women. Trans. Kate Foster. 10 Feb. 2000 < http://www.span.com.au/100women/18.html > . translator date accessed URL: web address
  27. 27. Work in an Anthology Whitman, Walt. “Osceola.” 1892. Florida in Poetry:. A History of the Imagination. Eds. Jane Anderson author title of work title of book original publication date publisher year of publication inclusive pages of work subtitle of book editors Jones and Maurice O’Sullivan. Sarasota: Pineapple Press, 1995. 30-31. city
  28. 28. Poems from Online Sources <ul><li>McKay, Claude. “Spring in New Hampshire.” </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia Granger's World of Poetry Online . </li></ul><ul><li>2008. Columbia University Press. 22 May </li></ul><ul><li>2008. <http://www.columbiagrangers.org>. </li></ul><ul><li>Rich, Adrienne. “Diving Into the Wreck.” 1973. </li></ul><ul><li>Poet’s.Org. 2008. American Academy of Poets. </li></ul><ul><li>22 May 2008. < http://www.poets.org/ viewmedia.php/prmMID/15228 >. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Bios from Online Sources <ul><li>“ Adrienne Rich.” Poet’s Org. 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Academy of American Poets. 22 May 2008. <http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/49> </li></ul>“ Claude McKay (1889–1948)”. Columbia Granger's World of Poetry Online . 2008. Columbia University Press. 22 May. 2008. <http://www.columbiagrangers.org>
  30. 30. Bibliography Bragg, Rick. “Country Club Meets the Enemy: Country Music and Pigs.” 1999. Rpt. Somebody Told Me: The Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2000. 123-25. ______. Somebody Told Me: The Newspaper Stories of Rick Bragg. Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 2000. Eder, Richard, &quot;The Greatest Woman Poet Since Sappho.&quot; Los Angeles Times Book Review 18 Mar. 1990. 3+. Galenet: Literature Resource Center. LINCC. 10 Jan. 2004.
  31. 31. Larkin, Joan. &quot;Frontiers of Language: Three Poets.&quot; 1974. Exc. in &quot;Audre Lord.” Contemporary Literary Criticism . Vol. 18. Ed. Sharon R. Gunton. Detroit: Gale Research, 1982. 307-08. Lu Yanguang. &quot;Madame Li.&quot; 1997.  Asia Pac: 100 Celebrated Chinese Women. Trans. Kate Foster. 10 Feb. 2000 < http://www.span.com.au/100women/18.html > . Maxwell, Bill. “Angry Young Man.” Forum: The Magazine of the Florida Humanities Council. XXII.2 (Summer 1999): 8-17.
  32. 32. Whitman, Walt. “Osceola.” 1892. Florida in Poetry: A History of the Imagination. Eds. Jane Anderson Jones and Maurice O’Sullivan. Sarasota: Pineapple Press, 1995. 30-31.
  33. 33. REMEMBER… <ul><li>The title -- Bibliography or Works Cited -- is centered at the top of the page. It is not underlined, italicized or quoted. It should be the same font size as the rest of the citations. </li></ul><ul><li>The citation list is double-spaced throughout. </li></ul><ul><li>The citation list is alphabetized. </li></ul><ul><li>If there is no author, the citation begins with the title of the work – quoted if an article or poem, underlined or italicized if a book. </li></ul><ul><li>The first line of each citation is at the margin; subsequent lines should be indented about ten spaces. </li></ul>
  34. 34. For Further Information <ul><li>Jane Jones’ Tools for Writing and Research : http://www.mccfl.edu/Faculty/Jonesj/Tools/tools.html </li></ul><ul><li>Manatee Community College's Writing and Citing Help : http://www.mccfl.edu/pages/767.asp </li></ul><ul><li>MLA Online : http:// www.mla.org / </li></ul><ul><li>Using MLA Style from the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): http:// owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/research/r_mla.html </li></ul><ul><li>Color-coded MLA Citations from Long Island University : http:// www.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citmla.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Slate Citation Machine will help format sources automatically: http://www.landmark-project.com/citation_machine/cm.php </li></ul>
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