And there are other people in this presentation – really getting your moneys worth here! I think that
Key goals have been defined:Declaration of the Budapest Open Access Initiative in 2002Bethesda Statement on Open Access PublishingBerlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in 2003
Two routes to OA – forgive me if I’m teaching grandma to suck eggs!Publishing articles in open access journals, ‘author pays’. Usually paid for by institution or included in research grant. Increasingly, UK Universities have established publication funds e.g. Nottingham and Birmingham.Two types:Open Access publishers (PLOS, BioMedCentral, Hindari)Traditional publishers with OA option (Nature, Elsevier, Springer) – Hybrid.
Self archiving in a repository of published research (plus others conference papers etc)– Subject e.g Organic E-Prints, PubMedCentral, arXiv, RepecOr Institutional – a way for universities to showcase their research and to preserve it.Usually (if not completely) in addition to publishing in a journal – OA, hybrid, subscription only.Publisher could impose embargo.
How many people publish research papers, conference papers?How many people make their research open access – paper on their website, in an open access repository, publish in an open access journal?How many people have ever searched on Google and found some really useful references and then found that they don’t have access to them?
You’ll probably be aware of the well rehearsed benefits of OA:Access in the developing worldIncreased readership and citation – research evidence is conclusive. See Willow’s statementsQuicker disseminationSecure storage etcSavings for HE – £115 million per yearIncreased returns on investment in R & D up to £170 million
It’s getting increasingly possible to make things open access, and free via self-archiving.
UK has 177 repositories in total. Most UK HE institutions and research centres have one.But the issue is getting content – not yet part of researchers workflows. Estimates of the proportion of full text records (as proportion of total university output) vary from 15%-30%. (Harnad, 2009). Many metadata only records.Drivers such as Research Excellence Framework are changing this. Universities have to collect and demonstrate their research output. OA can be built into this easily.Internationally – new repositories have been established at a rate of more than one per working day over the last 3 years. (A.Swan Ch8 Institutional repositories – now and next.
78.6% library background
Libraries have taken on repositories because of traditional role of cataloguing and information management. And whilst these are important, they are not top of the list of skills identified by staff. In the survey.Communication is the most dominant term – not surprising given that main role of repository staff is to radically alter the process of scholarly communication, with their own interpersonal skills being the key weapon in their armoury. Many of the other skills listed such as the delivery of training and presentations and liaison with other departments in the university are linked to this. Strategic planning, project management and prioritisation were also common themes as well as accuracy and attention to detail. Many people highlighted the need for perseverance also using terms such as determination, patience and persistence. One respondent summed it up as “aka bloody minded obsession”!.
Funded by JISC in England and Wales and Scottish Funding Council in Scotland.WRN – established repositories in all Welsh institutionsERIS – motivating researchers to deposit their work in repositories.
Events - As the repository scene matures in the UK, the focus for events has correspondingly changed. Originally, it was very much about technical set up and establishing a presence in the institution. Now issues such as increasing content and forging integration with other institutional initiatives and systems are more prevalent. Increasing content in repositories is one of the major challenges facing managers – Advocacy, preservation, copyright and dealing with publishers, metadata standards. For UK HE.
How many include repositories specifically in the curriculum? Something for the community to pursue.2008 study by Zuccala, Oppenheim and Dhiensa that most library schools include basics of digital library management, none specifically focused on respoitory management. More recently, university of Sheffield has included this in their ‘Academic and Research Libraries’ module. And data management is a whole new area. Comments at recent RIN meeting re ned for skilled professionals to manage and curate data.
Info staff are engaging with university agendas regarding showcasing research, systems for reporting on research e.g. REFCommunication, influencing. Also new technical skills such as data management.Decribed role of RSP. Future looks good – UKC0RR very lively and healthy
Repository management: an emerging profession in the information sector<br />Online Information 2010<br />Jackie Wickham<br />Project Coordinator<br />Centre for Research Communications<br />University of Nottingham<br />
Presentation Outline<br />Context<br />UK landscape – growth in repositories<br />The UK workforce<br />New skills and roles<br />Support for staff - Repositories Support Project and the United Kingdom Council of Research Repositories<br />
What is Open Access<br />“Open Access (OA) means that scholarly literature is made freely available on the internet, so that it can be read, downloaded, copied, distributed, printed, searched, text mined, or used for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers, subject to proper attribution of authorship.”<br />Research Information Network, June 2010<br />
Routes to OA - Gold<br />Image by Warren Pilkington, zawtowers, Flickr<br />
Routes to OA - Green<br />Some text<br />details of that<br />Some more text<br />Another idea<br />More stuff<br />detail 1<br />detail 2<br />Image by Rojabro, Flickr<br />
Why it’s important<br />Access in the developing world<br />Institutional showcase for research<br />Increased readership and citation<br />Quicker dissemination<br />Secure storage<br />Better discoverability (indexed by Google)<br />Encourages collaboration<br />Economic impact <br />Houghton et al (2009) Economic implications of alternative scholarly publishing models: exploring the costs and benefits <br /> http://www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/publications/rpteconomicoapublishing.pdf<br />
Repositories in the UK<br />Some text<br />details of that<br />Some more text<br />Another idea<br />More stuff<br />detail 1<br />detail 2<br />
Why have universities invested in repositories?<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2plF9io3vQE<br />http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/toolkits/play_3159<br />
Survey of UK Repository staff<br />29th July to 5th September <br />SurveyMonkey<br />Distributed via UKCoRR list <br />215 members (August 2010) and there were 84 respondents. <br />Interviews with a couple of respondents<br />
Backgrounds of UK staff<br />95% first degree<br />74% post grad qualification<br />
Multi-tasking<br />76.2% part time<br />73.8% worked as part of a team<br />Image by Sarah<br />
Support in the UK<br />Repositories Support Project (RSP)<br />Welsh Repositories Network (WRN)<br />Enhancing Repository Infrastructure in Scotland (ERIS)<br />
Repositories Support Project - Objectives<br />more repositories in higher education institutions in England, Wales and Northern Ireland<br />more content in existing repositories<br />more types of content in existing repositories<br />closer integration of repositories into institutional information systems<br />promotion of best practice and standards<br />investigation of the new role of institutions in research output curation and access<br />
Repositories Support Project – who we are<br /><ul><li>- Initially a 2.5 year JISC funded project
Team of four – Project Director, Project Coordinator, Open Access Adviser, Technical Officer.</li></li></ul><li>The RSP Offers…<br />On site support<br />Institutional visits – free, impartial consultancy from a team of experts<br />Enquiry service<br /> - email@example.com<br /> - 0845 257 6860<br />Website Resources<br />Reusable advocacy materials<br />Briefing papers (technical & procedural)<br />RSP Wiki pages<br />Resource bank of links and references (publications etc)<br />Buddy Scheme<br />
Recent Events…<br />RSP Summer School<br />Three-day residential training event covering most of the aspects of repository management (technical, preservation, metadata, advocacy etc)<br />Research in the Open: How mandates work in practice<br />Preservation training events <br />RSP Software Day<br />Communicating for effective advocacy <br />http://www.rsp.ac.uk/events/<br />
UKCoRRUK Council of Research Repositories - www.ukcorr.org<br />A group for repository managers by repository managers<br />An independent professional body to allow repository<br /> managers to share experiences and discuss issues of<br /> common concern<br />To give repository managers a group voice in national <br /> discussions and policy development independent of<br /> projects or temporary initiatives<br />To grow together as a community and learn from each<br /> other’s experiences<br />Mailing list. <br />215 members (August 2010)<br />
Library schools<br />Image by Stanford EdTech<br />
In summary<br />Impact of growth of OA repositories on information sector<br />Skills required<br />Support for development – funded projects, professional networks<br />
Thank you to...<br />Gareth Johnson, University of Leicester<br />MiggiePickton, University of Northampton<br />For their insights into the role.<br />