What type of government does thecountry have? Parliamentary representative democratic republic Chief of state= President of Singapore Head of government= Prime Minister of Singapore Representative democratic=Element of both the parliamentary system and the presidential system Presidential system= President as chief of state and head of government and the executive branch is separate from the legislative branch Parliamentary system= Minister gets legal rights from legislature so executive branch and legislative branch are connected So Parliamentary representative democratic republic= A government using a parliamentary system but the executive branch of the government ask the Parliament for support so the branches will be separated.
Executive President + Cabinet (Led by Minister) Chief of state= President Tony Tan Keng since Sept 1, 2011 Head of government= Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong since Aug 12, 2004 President has certain powers, decisions of the executive based on Internal Security Act. Approves changes to civil services such as Chief Justice or Chief of Defense
President of Singapore Current president= Tony Tan Keng Yam First president of Singapore=Yusof Bin Ishak (Chosen by Parliament) First president of Singapore by popular votes= Ong Teng Cheong The parliament had Yeoh Ghim Seng (Speaker of Parliament) as acting president 3 times. Mainly ceremonial Can on his own judgment on withholding the assent to any bill in Parliament, Supply bill, and the borrowing of money, or loan to the Central Provident Fund Board if the president thinks the company will have draw on reserves.
List of Presidents President Start Term End Term Notes1st Yusof Bin Ishak August 9, 1965 November 23, 1970 Intervals, Yeoh Ghim Seng was president for 40 days2nd Benjamin Henry January 2, 1971 May 12, 1891 Yeoh Ghim Seng Sheares was president for 164 days3rd C. V Devan Nair October 23, 1981 March 29, 1985 Yeoh Ghim Seng was president for 158 days4th Wee Kim Wee September 2, 1985 September 1, 1993 Till now voted by Parliament5th Ong Teng Cheong September 1, 1993 September 1, 1999 Start to get voted by popular votes6th S.R. Nathan September 1, 1999 September 1, 2011 Elected 2 times7th Tony Tan Keng September 1, 2011 September 1, 2017 Yam
The President ofSingaporeTony Tan Keng Yam The First President of Singapore Yusof Bin Ishak
Prime Minister of Singapore Dates back to 1959 Before independence= Chosen by Governor of Singapore at first Yang di-Pertuan Negara (Head of state) Deputy Prime Minister= 2nd highest post and senior Cabinet Minister Deputy Prime Minister (Assume the role of acting prime minister when the actual prime minister is temporarily away.)= In Singapore, it’s is THE Prime Minister. Singapore usually have 2 Prime Minster at a time. 3 PM = Lee Hsien Long (Currently) , Gok Chong Tong, Lee Kuan Yew
List of Prime Ministers Prime Minister Start Term End Term1st Toh Chin Chye June 5, 1959 August 2, 19682nd Goh Keng Swee March 1, 1973 December 3, 19843rd S. Rajaratnam June 1, 1980 January 2, 19854th A Goh Chok Tong January 2, 1985 November 28, 19904th B Ong Teng Cheong January 2, 1985 September 1, 19935th A Lee Hsien Loong November 28, 1990 August 12, 20045th B Tony Tan Keng Yam August 1, 1995 September 1, 20056th A S. Jayakumar August 12, 2004 April 1, 20096th B Wong Kan Seng September 1, 2005 May 21, 20117th A Teo Chee Hean April 1, 2009 Currently in place.7th B Tharman May 21, 2011 Currently in place.
Current PrimeMinisterLee Hsieng LoongThe 2 Current DeputyPrime MinisterTeo Chee Han on theRightTharmanShanmuguratnam onthe left
How are the leaders of the countryselected? What title(s) are theygiven?= Chosen by Chief of state=President Popular Votes and Legislative President was chosen by parliament until the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore amended for popular votes in 1991, and starting from 1993, president was chosen by popular votes Head of government= Prime Minister President Other ministers, such as deputy prime minister President + Advises from the Prime Minister Judiciary= Chief Justice President + Advises from Prime Minister Judges= President + Advises from Chief Justice
Legislative Legislative= Parliament + President Unicameral parliament (87 members by popular votes to serve five-year terms) Most parliaments are usually made up of 2 houses/chambers which would be known as bicameral. Unicameral= Parliament made up of 1 house/chamber That 1 house/chamber= President of Singapore General Election 2006= PAP (People’s Action party) won 82 of the 84 seats, led by Lee Hsien Loong
Legislative Law-Making Before laws are passed, it is introduced as bill in the parliaments. A bill is usually introduced by the minister on behalf of the cabinet but anybody in the parliament can introduce a bill known as Private Member’s Bill The bills goes through a several stage before it becomes a law. The first stage is when it is introduced, there is no debates which is known as first reading. The second stage is when members of the parliament debates on the general principles of the bill. If the bill is against the parliament, it can vote to reject it. If the bill goes through second stage, it is sent to a Select Committee where every clause of the bill is examined. Amendments may be proposed by members of the parliament supports the bills but does not agree with it in general. When the reports goes back to the parliament, only some of the minor amendments can be passed. The last stage is when the president grants it before the bill officially becomes a law.
Judicial (Jurisdiction) Article 93 of the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (Supreme Law of Singapore) = Supreme Court and Subordinate Court Judicial Power of Singapore Head of the judiciary= Chief Justice Supreme Court President chooses the chief justice with the advice of the prime minister. Other judges are chosen by the president with the advices of the chief justice Court of Appeal (Upper Division of the Supreme Court)= Can’t deal with trials of matters coming before the court for the first time, can change the decisions or out comes of the high court High Court (Lower Division of the Supreme Court)= Can deal with trials of matter coming before the court for the first time, hears both criminal and civil cases as a court of first instance Subordinate Courts Includes the District and Magistrate courts
Is consent of the governed an importantprinciple in the country? How do you know? Yes, an important principle in the country.Because 1. After gaining independence from British, Singapore is a self-governing country. 2. From the representative in the parliaments, presidential election arrived. Representative = People 3. Amendments made presidential voting changed from being voted by parliament into popular votes
Is there a peaceful way to changethe government? Yes, because the People’s Action Party has the most seat in the parliament so if there is going to be a big change, it will be their decision. Every president and prime minister is from the People’s Action Party.
What is corruption? “Abuse of public power, office, or resources elected government officials for personal gains.”= Use government, office, or resources for personal benefits. By E.g. = Offering bribes (Offering money in exchange or trade) Extortion (Blackmailing, threatening) Soliciting (Act of goods and services for exchange) Remaining in office, buying votes, then takes money income Types of corruption Systemic corruption= Subversion of economic or political system Governmental corruption= Budget is controlled by the executive
Do government leaders follow therule of law? Explain. Yes. Singapore is considered to be the least-corrupted country in the world. There is only one record of corruption in Singapore but it could be considered as minor corruption compared to other countries. In 1996, the Senior Minister and the Prime Minister admitted that they received discounts on purchases for luxury apartments from a publicly listed company where the Senior Minster younger brother was one of the directors. The collectively amounted to more than S$1,000,000.
Bibliography President of Singapore. (27 April 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/President_of_Singapore Politics of Singapore. (7 April 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_Singapore Cabinet of Singapore. (24 March 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabinet_of_Singapore Chambers of Parliaments. (8 March 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_elections_in_Singapore Parliamentary Elections in Singapore. (24 March 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_elections_in_Singapore Presidential Election in Singapore. (24 March 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Presidential_elections_in_Singapore Parliament of Singapore. (31 March 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_Singapore Elections in Singapore. (19 November 2011) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elections_in_Singapore Judicial System of Singapore. (24 January 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judicial_system_of_Singapore Subordinate Court of Singapore. (7 December 2011) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subordinate_Courts_of_Singapore
Supreme Court of Singapore. (24 March 2012) In Wikipedia Retrieved April 29, 2012 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supreme_Court_of_Singapore Singapore Executive Branch (9 January 2012) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Index Mundi website: http://www.indexmundi.com/singapore/executive_branch.html Singapore Legislative Branch (9 January 2012) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Index Mundi website: http://www.indexmundi.com/singapore/legislative_branch.html Singapore Judicial Branch (9 January 2012) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Index Mundi website: http://www.indexmundi.com/singapore/judicial_branch.html Presidential Elections (1 February 2012) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Singapore Elections Department: http://www.eld.gov.sg/elections_presidential.html Electoral Divisions (25 January, 2012) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Singapore Elections Department: http://www.eld.gov.sg/elections_type_electoral.html Parliamentary Elections (18 April 2012) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Singapore Elections Department: http://www.eld.gov.sg/elections_parliamentary.html Kevin Brown (2011 May, 9) Political Change in Singapore, Retrieved April 29, 2012 from: http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citapa.htm Corruption in Singapore (February 13, 2006) Retrieved April 29, 2012 from Singapore Elections: http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citapa.htm
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