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  • Phase 1: Foundational Research (FY04 – FY06) Current state of corridor management Development of technical memos, generic ConOps, and ICM Implementation Plan Phase 2: Corridor Tools, Strategies, and Integration (FY06 – FY11) Develop an ICM analysis, modeling, and simulation (AMS) methodology to enable localities to assess which ICM strategies provide the biggest benefit locally (complete) Apply and test the AMS methodology in a test corridor (35-mile segment of I-880) (complete) Investigate and address ICM issues and needs, such as arterial and transit surveillance and detection data gaps, decision support systems (DSS), ITS standards (e.g., NTCIP center-to-center standard), and corridor performance measure (e.g., person throughput) Phase 3: Corridor Site Development, Analysis, and Demonstration (FY06 – FY12) Stage 1: Pioneer Sites (August 2006 – March 2008) Eight sites were awarded funding in Fall 2006 to each develop a concept of operations document and requirements document. Stage 2: Modeling Sites (Summer 2008 – Fall 2009) Up to three of the Pioneer Sites will be selected to analyze, model, and simulate ICM in their corridors. Stage 3: Demonstration Sites (Fall 2009 – 2012) Up to three of the Pioneer Sites will be selected to demonstrate ICM in their corridors. An independent national evaluation of the ICM demonstration sites will be conducted. Phase 4: Outreach and Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT) (FY06 – FY13) Develop outreach materials to raise awareness about ICM Develop a range of ICM KTT resources that equip corridor transportation practitioners to implement ICM
  • VAA Definitions: Precision Docking : Positioning of the transit vehicle, both longitude and latitude, to facilitate efficient queuing of customers and boarding/alighting through level boarding. Normally low speed operations. Vehicle Guidance : Lateral control of the vehicle at highway speeds through tight turns or narrow sections of the highway. Platooning : Electronic coupling of transit vehicles. Very narrow headways (1 seconds). Allows for higher capacity transit system. Automated Vehicle Operations : Automatic movement of the vehicle without control by the driver.
  • Transit agencies are faced with mounting dilemma: 1: They must provide convenient and reliable mobility options for customers at a reasonable cost to the transit agency and locality Current funding (both federal, state and local) for conventional fixed guideway transit is extremely limited and transit agencies HAVE TO come up with more cost effective alternate modes DATA POINT: Metro to Dulles estimated cost--$5 billion (Phase I to Tyson’s $2 billion). Approximate FTA New Starts funds in SAFETEA-LU: $9 billion Bus Rapid Transit is one solution 2: State and local DOTs will not add significant lane-miles of roadway in the future. Need to maximize available capacity without the cost of new construction. However, dedicated ROW for transit is popular DATA POINT: Dedicated transit lanes are being constructed as part the Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Mixing Bowl reconstruction. Also, the three public-private proposals for the Dulles Toll Road, Virginia portion of Capital Beltway and I-95/I-395 all include reserved ROW for transit New transit lanes will need to be carved out of existing ROW constraints DATA POINT #1: Las Vegas recently re-stripped North Las Vegas Boulevard and gave a lane for transit operations DATA POINT #2: Minneapolis has an ongoing and aggressive program to convert freeway shoulders to transit-use lanes It is important to work together with other modes to acquire more roadway capacity 3: With the cost of constructing ROW increasing, it is important to reduce this cost as much as possible A narrow ROW could reduce construction and ROW costs by as much as 20% A narrow ROW could allow for a bike lane or parking lane on arterial roads. This chart is a illustrative comparison of BRT and other transit modes in terms of the level of investment required and the level of service provided. The tradeoff between level of service (be it capacity, operating speed, or travel time) and costs (both capital and operating) is fundamental in public transportation. The dashed lines form a feasible region between costs and benefits. One of our objectives is to help communities define these boundary of feasibility. The red curves represent general relationships between the level of investment performance of each mode. In reality, these curves may be complex functions and unique to the local conditions and the characteristics of the transportation corridor being analyzed. As one can see, BRT occupies an optimal range between conventional bus and light rail . Note that there is an overlap between the bus and BRT regions since it can be argued that low levels of BRT deployment are essentially enhanced bus services. Los Angeles is shown as an illustrative example by comparing conventional bus services with the Metro Rapid corridors. Metro Rapid was able to significantly improve the level of service with relatively modest capital investments in facilities, vehicles, and ITS technologies such as signal preference. What VAA can do is push the feasible region extent using buses further to the right. Thus, Bus Rapid Transit is seen as a cost effective solution to conventional fixed guideway transit However, to achieve the full performance characteristics of BRT, VAA will be an important enabler VAA will “fill the gap” between BRT and Conventional Fixed Guideway Transit (Light Rail Transit and Heavy Rail Transit)
  • Goals: Improve mobility, improve Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) amenity and accessibility, and increase safety, efficiency, and productivity of bus operations in reduced rights-of-way (e.g., narrow lanes and shoulders). VAA supports and enables precision docking, vehicle guidance, vehicle platooning, and automated operations. Demonstrate the technical merits and feasibility of different VAA technology applications in bus revenue service Assess benefits and costs Local Team: Caltrans AC Transit Lane Transit District University of California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH) Private Sector Partners: TRW; ContainerTrac; Integrated Motion, Inc.
  • Revenue Service Applications: AC Transit's M line: Lateral guidance on a four-mile section of HOV lane on State Route 92, from Hesperian Boulevard to the San Mateo Bridge toll plaza Lateral guidance through toll booths (San Mateo Bridge toll plaza) Two 60-foot Van Hool articulated buses or two 50-foot MCI coaches will be equipped LTD's Franklin EmX BRT route: Transitway lateral guidance and precision docking at bus stops on a four-mile BRT route Route has eight intermediate stations as well as two terminal stations One articulated New Flyer bus will be equipped Technologies Proposed: Magnet Systems — Magnetic nails; equipment on the bus follows the trail of magnets using sensors and steering actuators. DGPS/Onboard Map Guidance — On-Board equipment guides vehicle movement using Differential GPS to determine location and an on-board map to determine path.
  • VII Field Components DSCR=Dedicated Short Range Communication Roadside Equipment (RSE) Components: router/processor, GPS/DGPS, DSRC radio, VII network interface Installed through federal-state partnership Strategically deployed at signalized intersection, interstate interchanges, and other locations to monitor traffic conditions and to communicate with vehicles Onboard equipment (OBE) Components: GPS, DSRC radio, vehicle/driver interface Automakers will develop and install VII Network Provisioned through federal-state partnership A yet to be determined entity will manage and operate DSRC Official FCC Definition: “The use of radio techniques to transfer data over short distances between roadside and mobile radio units, between mobile units, and between portable and mobile units to perform operations related to the improvement of traffic flow, traffic safety and other intelligent transportation service applications in a variety of environments.” In 2003, FCC allocated a new block of spectrum for DSRC 75 MHz (5850-5925 MHz) available nationwide Band allows both safety (priority) and commercial applications Licensed operation with interoperability requirements Draft standards developed (IEEE 802.11p) and to be validated by VII Proof of Concept (POC) testing
  • IN VEHCIEL SIGNAGE/WEATHER INFORMATION/ SAFETY Potential for safety benefits for transit agencies, but would likely require modification to warning algorithms for differences in vehicle dynamics and driver interface TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT Existing VII documentation has little or no reference to transit, but applications have obvious potential for improvements to running times, reliability TRAVELER INFORMATION & ELECTRONIC PAYMENT Agencies are already working in these areas with other technologies, but VII offers opportunities for customer information and convenience
  • IN VEHCIEL SIGNAGE/WEATHER INFORMATION/ SAFETY Potential for safety benefits for transit agencies, but would likely require modification to warning algorithms for differences in vehicle dynamics and driver interface TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT Existing VII documentation has little or no reference to transit, but applications have obvious potential for improvements to running times, reliability TRAVELER INFORMATION & ELECTRONIC PAYMENT Agencies are already working in these areas with other technologies, but VII offers opportunities for customer information and convenience
  • IN VEHCIEL SIGNAGE/WEATHER INFORMATION/ SAFETY Potential for safety benefits for transit agencies, but would likely require modification to warning algorithms for differences in vehicle dynamics and driver interface TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT Existing VII documentation has little or no reference to transit, but applications have obvious potential for improvements to running times, reliability TRAVELER INFORMATION & ELECTRONIC PAYMENT Agencies are already working in these areas with other technologies, but VII offers opportunities for customer information and convenience
  • Transcript

    • 1. Office Of Mobility Innovation Walter Kulyk, P.E. Director, Office of Mobility Innovation Public Transportation Forum
    • 2. Overview
      • Intelligent Transportation Systems
      • ITS Strategic Plan
      • Mobility Services for All Americans (MSAA)
      • Integrated Corridor Management Systems (ICM)
      • Vehicle Assist and Automation (VAA) for Transit Operations
      • Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII) for Transit
      • IntelliDriveSM
      • Remote Infrared Audible Signage (RIAS)
      • Transit Communications Interface Profiles (TCIP)
      • Contactless Fare Media Standard (CFMS)
      • International Organization for Standards (ISO) Technical Committee (TC) 204
    • 3. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)
      • Intra/Inter Modal Integration of ITS technologies
        • ITS JPO Initiatives (10)
        • Earmarks
        • Discretionary Research
        • Crosscutting Activities
          • ITS Transit Best Practices Workshops
          • Technical Assistance to Transit Authorities
          • Standards Support: TCIP, UTFS, ISO TC204 WG8
      • Supports goals of safety, mobility, and productivity
      • 75 projects ~$100 Million (with Initiatives)
    • 4. ITS Strategic Plan
      • Plan Being developed in FY2009
      • Workshops with industry on inputs
      • Five strategic goals and objectives
        • Safety
        • Mobility
        • Environmental Stewardship
        • Security
        • Livability
    • 5. Mobility Services for All Americans (MSAA)
      • Description
        • Improve transportation services to simplify access to employment, healthcare, education, and other community activities for the transportation disadvantaged (the poor, the elderly, and the handicapped)
      • Scope
        • Demonstrate Replicable/Scalable Models
        • of Travel Management Coordination Centers (TMCC)
        • Support development and deployment
        • of MSAA systems using ITS technologies
        • 8 sites were selected in December 2006. Plans and concept of operations were delivered in 2008.
        • 3 of the 8 sites were selected for full deployment in Jan 2009.
      • Next steps
        • Full deployment of 3 Replicable/Scalable TMCCs by April 2010.
    • 6.
      • Vision
        • Improved mobility through integrated management of transportation assets - freeways, arterials, transit, parking, managed lanes - in major transportation corridors in metropolitan areas.
      • Approach
        • Address organizational, operational, and technical barriers to successful integrated corridor management.
        • Demonstrate how mobility, safety, and productivity can be increased in major corridors using ITS-enabled ICM strategies
      • Next steps
        • FTA is managing 2 Pioneer Sites (Oakland and Dallas)
        • Completion of Analysis, Modeling, and Simulation Stage
        • Selection of Demonstration Sites: Selection to take place in July 2009 and Demonstration will start in September 2009
      Integrated Corridor Management Systems (ICM)
    • 7. ICM Concept of Operations Local Jurisdiction 1 — Traffic Signal System Regional Rail Agency — Train Management System State DOT — Freeway Management System Bus Company — AVL System Local Jurisdiction 2 — Traffic Signal System
    • 8.
      • Vehicle Assist—Applications that help the driver maintain control of the bus (driver is always in control)
        • Precision Docking
        • Vehicle Guidance (lane assist)
      • Vehicle Automation—Applications that provide full control of a transit vehicle for an automated route or section of a route (driver is not necessarily in full control)
        • Platooning
        • Automated Vehicle Operations
      Vehicle Assist and Automation (VAA) for Transit Operations VAA systems are a cost-effective solution for transit agencies to provide rail-like service at bus-type prices using conventional buses equipped with inexpensive driver assist technologies
    • 9. VAA: An Enabler for BRT LRT BRT Heavy Rail Bus Level of Investment (e.g. Capital Cost, Operating Cost) Level of Service/Performance Measure (e.g. Capacity, Operating Speed, Travel Time, etc.) Feasible Region Los Angeles Local Bus Los Angeles Metro Rapid BRT with VAA
      • Fully Grade Separated
      • Roadway Shoulder Operations
      • At-Grade Transitway
      • Designated Arterial
      • Urban Circulator
      • Suburban Collector
    • 10. VAA Demonstration
      • Goals
        • Demonstrate merits and feasibility of VAA technology applications
        • Assess benefits and costs
      • Awarded to Caltrans Team
        • Caltrans ($1.9 Million)
        • Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit)
        • Lane Transit District (LTD)
        • Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH)
      • Independent Evaluation by Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR)
    • 11. VAA Demonstration (continued)
      • Revenue Service Applications
        • AC Transit - Lateral guidance on an HOV lane and through a toll plaza
        • LTD - Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) transitway lateral guidance and precision docking at bus stops
      • Technologies Proposed
        • Magnetic marker sensing
        • Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) with inertial navigation sensors
        • Combination of the two
    • 12. IntelliDriveSM
      • A CONCEPT of a nationwide connected network of vehicles and roadside infrastructures
      • A PARTNERSHIP between DOT, automobile manufacturers, and state and local government
      • A PROGRAM to establish the technical and institutional foundation for deployment
      • A set of APPLICATIONS to improve safety, mobility and convenience of everyday transportation
      Public User Private User Roadside Equipment (RSE) Vehicles with On-Board Equipment (OBE) Vehicle to Infrastructure (ex. 5.9GHz DSRC) (5.9GHz DSRC) Vehicle to Vehicle Network
    • 13. IntelliDriveSM Transit Applications
      • Operations and Safety Applications
        • Traveler information
        • Fleet management (~ AVL but with real-time traffic information)
        • Signal violation warnings
        • Incident management, communications bridge
        • Transit signal priority
      • Maintenance Applications
        • Remote diagnostics (archived and live)
        • Tracking vehicles and spare parts
      • Data Analysis Applications
        • Service planning (routes and schedules, run cutting)
        • Incident and emergency response planning
      • Next Steps
        • Update the document “ Vehicle Infrastructure Integration: Applications for Public Transit – Nov 2007 ” (Ongoing)
        • Develop transit-specific applications with inputs from industry
    • 14.
      • Description :
        • Provides wayfinding information to people with visual, cognitive and learning disabilities
        • Eliminates barriers to accessibility with the help of technology
      • Scope:
        • Demonstrate RIAS in area transit stations and on transit vehicles
        • Evaluate RIAS benefits by assessing the quality of life of the target populations
        • Assess the effects of RIAS program
      • Next Steps:
        • Installation of more than 500 RIAS
        • systems in Seattle area completed - December 2008
        • Demonstration, data collection & evaluation complete - May 2009
        • Evaluation report to the United States Congress - September 30, 2009
      Remote Infrared Audible Signage (RIAS)
    • 15.
      • Goal: Standardize data and promote interoperability between transit business systems and components
        • Between business systems
        • Between business systems and field/station controllers
        • Between business systems and vehicles
        • Among onboard equipment
      • TCIP 3.0 was balloted and approved in Fall 2006
      • Developed and released TCIP Implementation, Requirements & Capabilities Editor software application tool (TIRCE 2.0) Feb, 2009
      • NTI will deliver TCIP training courses in Texas and the West Coast (specific locations and dates TBD)
      Transit Communication Interface Profiles (TCIP)
    • 16.
      • Business Areas :
        • Common Public Transport
        • Scheduling
        • Passenger Information
        • Transit Signal Priority
        • Control Center
        • Onboard Systems
        • Spatial Referencing
        • Fare Collection
      • Testing
        • Current
          • King County (Seattle)
          • LYNX (Orlando)
        • Planned
          • MTA (Baltimore)
          • Clever Devices (Chicago CTA)
        • Potentials
          • Las Vegas, San Francisco, San Mateo
      Transit Communication Interface Profiles (TCIP) - Continued
    • 17. Contactless Fare Media Standard (CFMS)
      • Goal: Provide industry guidance for the creation of an open architecture payment environment, enabling integration of independent payment systems
      • APTA released four parts of the CFMS Standard in July 2007:
        • Part 1: Introduction and Overview
        • Part 2: Contactless Fare Media Data Format and Interface Standard
        • Part 3: Regional Central System Interface Standard
        • Part 4: Security Planning and Implementation Guidelines and Best Practices
    • 18. Contactless Fare Media Standard (CFMS) - Continued
      • Current Activities:
        • Training through National Transit Institute:
          • Pilot completed; revising course
          • Looking for course sponsors
      • Working with banking industry
      • Developing Part 5: Test Methods Specification
    • 19. International Organization for Standards (ISO) Technical Committee (TC) 204
      • Technical Committees
        • From screw threads (TC 1) to aluminum production (TC 226)
      • Technical Committee 204
        • Responsible for Intelligent Transportation Systems
          • Overall system aspects and infrastructure aspects of ITS
        • Approximately 22 Participating member countries
        • Approximately 27 Observing countries (no voting rights)
      • Meetings
        • 2 times per year, hosted in turn by Asia, U.S., and Europe
    • 20. (ISO) Technical Committee (TC) 204 – Cont.
      • Working Group 8 is responsible for Public Transport and Emergency Services ITS Standards
      • Objective
        • Identify, develop, and harmonize ITS standards which would be beneficial at the international level
      • Expert groups undertake the detailed work on individual ITS standards
      • Meetings
        • 2 times per year concurrent with TC 204 meetings
        • Next meeting:
    • 21. Informal Liaisons
    • 22. Contacts
      • Steven Mortensen
      • General Engineer
      • [email_address]
      • Raj Wagley
      • General Engineer
      • [email_address]
      • Aletha Goodine
      • Transportation Program Specialist
      • [email_address]
      • Charlene Wilder
      • Transportation Program Specialist
      • [email_address]
      • Edwin Rodriguez
      • Transportation Management Specialist
      • [email_address]
      • Walter Kulyk, P.E.
        • Director, Office of Mobility Innovation
        • Federal Transit Administration (FTA), TRI-10
        • 1200 New Jersey Ave., SE
        • Washington, D.C. 20590
        • Phone: (202) 366-4991
        • E-mail: