Chapter 1: The Evolving Role of IS and IT in Organizations

1,855 views
1,811 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Education
2 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,855
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
65
Comments
2
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 1: The Evolving Role of IS and IT in Organizations

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Information Systems and Technology in Organization
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>The three information era model </li></ul><ul><li>Success factors in Strategic information systems (SIS) </li></ul><ul><li>The relationship between business, information systems (IS) </li></ul><ul><li>The relationship between business, information systems, and information technology (IT) strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Application portfolio model </li></ul><ul><li>Five IS/IT planning stage </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Three Information Era Model <ul><li>Data processing systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Management information systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic Information Systems (SIS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business advantage through change </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Success Factors in SIS <ul><li>External focus not internal </li></ul><ul><li>Adding value not cost reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing the benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding customers </li></ul><ul><li>Business driven innovation, not technology driven </li></ul><ul><li>Incremental development </li></ul><ul><li>Using information to develop business </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Relationship between Business and IS <ul><li>Business strategic management </li></ul><ul><li>IS/IT strategic management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact analysis and executive management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information system management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information analysis and user management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project and computer management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>System design and user operations </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Relationship between business, IS, and IT strategies <ul><li>Business strategy – where is the business going and why </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives and direction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IS strategy – what is required </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand orientated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application focused </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IT strategy – how it can be delivered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplied oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology focused </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Relationship between business, IS, and IT strategies <ul><li>IS/IT impact and potential > Business strategy > direction for business > IS strategy > needs and priorities > IT strategy > infrastructure and services > IS strategy > supports business > Business strategy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Application Portfolio Model by MaFarlan <ul><li>Strategic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical to future business success </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May be important to future business success </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key operational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical to current business success </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valuable but not critical to business success </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Five IS/IT Planning Stages by Eral <ul><li>Technology led – support </li></ul><ul><li>Method driven – key operational </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative – support and key operational </li></ul><ul><li>Business led – high potential </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational - strategic </li></ul>
  10. 10. Discussion Questions <ul><li>How do you classify an e-business in terms of portfolio model? </li></ul><ul><li>How do you classify an e-business in terms of IS/IT planning stage? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Points to Remember <ul><li>The three information era model </li></ul><ul><li>Success factors in Strategic information systems (SIS) </li></ul><ul><li>The relationship between business, information systems (IS) </li></ul><ul><li>The relationship between business, information systems, and information technology (IT) strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Application portfolio model </li></ul><ul><li>Five IS/IT planning stage </li></ul>

×