Grammar book 2.

429 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
429
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
17
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Grammar book 2.

  1. 1. Jacinta Regnery
  2. 2. Table of Contents Preterite Demonstratives Ordinal Numbers Future Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns Imperfect Reflexives
  3. 3. One day- un día Once- una vezYesterday- ayer At night- a nocheA year ago- hace un año Already- yaLast month- el mes pasando Day before yesterday- anteayerFor one hour- por una hora Finally- por finAt eight- a las ocho On Feb. 12th- el doce de febrero-e -amos-aste-ó -aron-í -imos-iste-ió -ieronAndar Anduve-Estar Estuve-Poder Pud-Poner Pus-Saber Sup-Tener Tuv-venir Vin-Conducir Conduj-Producir Produj-Traducir Traduj-Traer Traj-Decir Dij--caryo-qué-garyo-gué-zaryo-cé-e -imos-iste -isteis-0 -ieronTake the “I” off in 3rd personsingularDormirDormíDormisteDormióDormimosDuermironLeerLeíLeísteLeyóLeimosLeyeronStemChangersYChangersDar (give) &Ver (see)Di DimosVi VimosDisteVisteDío DieronVío VieronIr (go) & Ser (be)Fuí FuimosFuisteFue FueronHacer (do/make)Hice HicimosHicisteHizo Hicieron
  4. 4. DemonstrativesSingular PluralÉste (this one) Éstos (these)Ése (that one) Ésos (those)Aquél (that one (over there)) Aquéllos (those (over there))•A demonstrative adjective describes theplacement of a noun in relation to a person.•Demonstrative pronouns are used in place ofboth the pronoun and the adjective.Onlydemonstrativepronouns haveaccents EstoEsoAquelloNeutered (unspecific gender)
  5. 5. Ordinal NumbersPrimeró(a)Quinto(a)Segundo(a) Cuarto(a)Terceró(a)Sexto(a)Séptimo(a)Octavo(a)Noveno(a)Décimo(a)•They must agree with gender andnumber•They are placed before nounsPrimero and tercero dropó before a masculinesingular noun
  6. 6. Future•You can use present tense when thecontext makes it obvious that it isfuture.Singular Plural-é -emos-ás -éis-á -ánorSalir Saldr-Tener Tendr-Valer Vald-Venir Vendr-Poder Podr-Querer Querr-Saber Sabr-Infinitive Future StemDecir Dir-Hacer Har-Poner Pondr-Future of hay is habrá
  7. 7. Possessive Adjectives and PronounsMío(a) Nuestro(a)Tuyo(a) Vuestro(a)Suyo(a) Suyo(a)Míos(as) Nuestros(as)Tuyos(as) Vuestros(as)Suyos(as) Suyos(as)Singular PluralMi(s) Nuestro(a/os/as)Tu(s) Vuestro(a/os/as)Su(s) Su(s)To form a possessivepronoun:•Use the long form of thepossessive adjective•Add el, la, los, las basedon the gender andnumber of the noun.Attach the pronoun to areflexive when using areflexive in the infinitive form
  8. 8. Imperfect-ar -er -ir-aba -ía -ía-abas -ías -ías-aba -ía -ía-abamos -íamos -íamos-abaís -íais -íais-aban -ían -íanUses:• What time it is• Someone’s age• To talk about something you used to do• To talk about the background events in astoryser ir verEra Iba VeíaEras Ibas VeíasEra Iba VeíaÉramos Ibamos VeíamosErais Ibais VeíaisEran Iban Veían
  9. 9. Reflexives• Reflexive verbs only accept a certain pronoun that is called the reflexivepronoun.• Usually the direct object is different than the subject, but with areflexive pronoun it is the same thing as the subject.Me NosTe OsSe SeMe escondo Nos escondemosTe escondes Os escondéisSe Esconde Se escondenSameSame

×