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Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
Technologies For Uncovering Modernity
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Technologies For Uncovering Modernity

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Fundamental Technologies for Revealing an Original Style of Modernity on the African Continent

Fundamental Technologies for Revealing an Original Style of Modernity on the African Continent

Published in: Technology
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  • 1.
    • STI Systems for Uncovering Modernity in Africa
    Jacques L. Hamel ECA / ISTD [email_address]
  • 2. Science, Technology, Innovation and Modernity
    • STI and Modernity Go Together
      • STI Co-Constitutive of Modernity
    • Is Africa Scientifically ‘Castrated’ ?
      • Low scientific production (< 0.1% of world)
    • Needs Scientific Renewal
      • Scientific Progress Halted by Totalizing Cultures
    • Scientific Facts Subjugated to
      • Cosmo-Religio-Cultural Interpretations
    • ‘ When We Speak of a Renaissance We Speak of Advances in Science and Technology’ (Thabo Mbeki)
  • 3. Characteristics of Processes of Modernity
    • Rationalization / Validation
    • Technologization / Innovation
    • Secularization / De-Mythologization
    • Commodification / Monetization
    • Massification / Normalization
    • Individualization / Democratization
    • Urbanization / Industrialization
    • Differentiation / Autonomization
    • Bureau/Technocratization / Technicization
  • 4. Role of STI for Uncovering Modernity
    • Generous Vision of Potential of STI
    • Renewal, Revival, Rebirth, Reawakening
    • Break With Past
    • New Cultural Paradigm
    • African Century
    • Third Wave (K. Annan)
    • New Dawn (Mbeki)
    • Political / Cultural Regeneration
  • 5. Transformative Power of STI for Uncovering Modernity
    • No Modernity
      • Without STI
    • Scientific Progress
      • Not Only About Addition of Sc Knowledge
      • But a Transformation of Existing Mythological, Superstitious, Magical, Pre-Sc Knowledge
    • Challenge: Science Too Painful for Masses
    • Superstitious / Over-Religious Cultures
      • Science Challenge Religions (R wins over Sc)
      • No Sc Culture Anywhere in World
  • 6. Role of Freethinking for Uncovering Modernity
    • No Blind Obedience to
        • Deities / Gods
        • Priests / Mullahs
        • Shamans / Witches / Sorcerers
        • Myths
    • Radical Criticism of Received Ideas
        • Sc = Basis
    • Transition to Adult Status
        • Hegel
    • Break Traditions / Customs / Ways of Life
  • 7. Freethinking for Uncovering Modernity
    • Form Opinions Independently of Tech Code:
      • Religions, Faiths, Revelations
      • Mythologies, Traditions
      • Authority
      • Established Beliefs
      • Superstitions, Taboos
      • Pre-Packaged Ideologies
    • Form Opinions on Basis of Reason
      • Subversive Rationalization
    • Scientific Attitudes, Mentalities
      • > Important than Larger Stocks of Scientific Knowledge
  • 8. Role of Science for Uncovering Modernity
    • Science = New
      • Basis of Beliefs
      • Epistemological Foundations of Modernity
    • Aim at:
      • Clearing Metaphysical / Epistemological Debris Littering Cultural Landscape
      • Overcoming Cultural / Religious Cultural Detritus Constraining Tech Development
      • Divesting Ourselves of Old / Obsolete / Archaic Habits of Thought
      • Self-Exorcism
  • 9. Role of Secularity for Uncovering Modernity
    • Courage to Know
        • Modern Knowledge Orientation
    • Learning = Key
    • But Unlearning = Master Key
    • Inertia of Pre-Modern
        • Superstitious Beliefs
        • Thinking
        • Views
    • ‘ Secular Costume’ – Modernity = Secular
  • 10. Fundamental Technologies for Uncovering Modernity
    • Tech of Self (Mindset, Mentality, Worldviews)
    • Tech of Freedom
    • Tech of Signs
    • Tech of Newness
    • Tech of Change
    • Tech of Power
    • Tech of Truth
  • 11. Technology of Self (1 / 2)
    • ‘ To Reconstruct Our Very Selves … is One of the Most Important Meanings of Technology’ (L. Hickman)
    • Concrete Rational Means
        • Directed at Self
    • Applied to:
        • Know
        • Develop
        • Control
        • Constitute
        • Empower
        • Cultivate Renascent Afro-Self
    • Build Humans, Characters + Identities
  • 12. Technology of Self (2 / 2)
    • Essential for:
      • Evolving Pre-Modern or Pre-Scientific
        • Mindsets, Mentalities
        • Habits of Thought
        • WorldViews / Conceptions of Reality
      • Conquering Mental Colonization
    • Organized Religions = Tech of Salvation
    • Ex. of Tech of Self
      • Copy / Scrap Books
        • Supported China / Greece / Rome Empires
      • Freethinking
        • Outside Dogmas, Faiths,
        • Fantasies, Superstitions…
  • 13. Characteristics of ‘Scientific’ Self
    • Objectivity (Detached Subject)
    • Rationality (Principles of Order)
    • Universality (No Ethnic Science)
    • Verifiability (Refutability)
    • Neutrality (Value-less)
    • Methodical (Principle of Discovery)
    • Disinterestedness (Social Interests)
    • Creativity (Freethinking)
  • 14. Technology of Freedom (1 / 2)
    • Development as Freedom (A. Sen)
        • Both Cause + Effect
        • Development = Disenchantment (Gauchet)
    • Lack of Freedom
        • Arranged Early Marriages
        • Polygamous Masters
        • Locked-Up / Cloistered Women
        • Mystifying Medicine Men
        • Domestic Slaves
        • Sexually Mutilated Girls
        • Abducted Brides
        • Child Soldiers
        • Desperate Migrants
        • Escaping Refugees
    • Enforce UN Charter Human Rights
        • Freedom of Religion
        • Freedom of Expression
  • 15. Technology of Freedom (2 / 2)
    • Web of Oppressive / Terror Structures
        • Cosmological Freedom
          • Cruel, Demanding, imperialistic, Hegemonic, Monopolistic Gods
          • ‘ Hereditary’ Religion (99.99 %)
        • Political / Economic Freedom
        • Cultural / Social Freedom
          • Phallo-Centric Religious / Ecclesiastical Institutions
          • Commanding Husbands
        • Mythological / Ideological Freedom
          • Indoctrination / Mental Colonization
  • 16. Technology of Signs
    • Expression of Socially-Created Symbolic Universe
        • Codes, Rules, Conventions, Languages
    • Technical Languages
        • Technologize Indigenous Languages
        • Protect Threatened Ones
    • Few Science Books
        • Translated Into Vernacular Languages
        • $100 million needed to Technologize local Languages
    • Little Digital Indigenous Content
        • Dependency
    • New Radios as Crucial Tech of Sign
        • Solar / Crank base, Digital
  • 17. Technology of Newness
    • Uncompetitive Pre-Modern / Indigenous Tech of old Things
    • Priority to Tech to Transform Raw Things Into Manufactured Things
        • Few Competitive Industrial Tech
        • Strong Competition From Korea, China, Japan
    • ‘ Africans Do Not Advance Technologically …Because Their Distinct Mental Orientation Gives Them Different Pursuits + Methods’ (Away From Things?)
    • ‘ The African Turn of Mind Does Not Encourage Tech’ (Mesai Kebede)
    • Are African Cultures Less Oriented Towards Things + Tech to Make Them?
  • 18. Technology of Change (1 / 2)
    • Change = Innovation
        • Cultural / Social / Technical
        • Tech = Co-Constitutive of Cultures, Societies
    • Need to Reconceptualize Innovation / Strategy
        • To Fit Specific African Cultures / Contexts
    • Need Radical Change Toward Knowledge Economy
        • Mbeki’s Call ‘To Rebellion’
    • From Religious / Mythological Form to Post-Traditionality / Reinvented Modernity
        • Need Workable Vision of Scientific Renewal
  • 19. Technology of Change (2 / 2)
    • High Rate of Failures of Change / Innovation
      • 3000 Ideas for An Innovation
      • 80% - 90% Innovation Failures
    • Multiple Causes of Failures
      • Leadership, Competition, Funding, IP, Markets …
    • Importance of Increasing Relevant Research
      • Low Levels of R&D
    • Need ‘Green Revolution’ Tech
  • 20. Technology of Power (1 / 2)
    • Tech of Power Ex.: Mobutu’s wrapped in Leopard Skin!
    • Tech of Power = Capacity to Direct Actions of Others
    • Gods + ‘Kings’ = Absolute Power in Pre-Modern Times
    • In Africa Gods, Spirits Exert Immense Influence on
        • Worldviews,
        • Mindsets
        • Development
        • Life
    • Necessity to Bring Power Forces from the Gods and Spirits Down to Earth into the Hands Of Humans
    • Predatory Behaviour of Elites!
  • 21. Technology of Power (2 / 2)
    • African Scientific Renewal
      • Will Come Through Power Struggles
    • Democratization of Info + Knowledge
      • Elitist Structure
    • Independence / Professionalism of Medias
      • Criticism = Part Innovation Process
    • Tech of Veil
      • Caging / Marking / Overpowering
      • Women as Carriers of Sin!
  • 22. Technology of Truth (1 / 2)
    • Science = Tech of Truth
        • Epistemic Foundations of Modernity
        • Transform
          • Enchantment
          • Mythologies
          • Superstitions
          • Dogmas
    • Socially Constructed
        • No Divine Truth
        • ‘ Because God Wants Me to’
          • Arranged Marriages, Veiling, Mutilations …
    • Colored By Lenses of Cultures
        • Negritude = Predominance of Emotions Over Rationality (Senghor)
  • 23. Technology of Truth (2 / 2)
    • All Truth = Near-Truth
        • Need to Modernize Truth
    • Scientific Truths
        • Partial
        • Transient
        • Evolutive
        • Progressive
        • Falsifiable
    • Sacred Truths
        • Immobile
        • Rigid
        • Doctrinaire
        • Irrational
        • Mythological

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