<ul><li>STI Systems for Uncovering Modernity in Africa </li></ul>Jacques L. Hamel ECA / ISTD [email_address]
Science, Technology, Innovation and Modernity <ul><li>STI and Modernity Go Together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STI Co-Constitut...
Characteristics of Processes of Modernity <ul><li>Rationalization / Validation </li></ul><ul><li>Technologization / Innova...
Role of STI for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>Generous Vision of Potential of STI </li></ul><ul><li>Renewal, Revival, Rebi...
Transformative Power of STI for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>No Modernity  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without STI </li></ul></...
Role of Freethinking  for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>No Blind Obedience to  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deities / Gods </...
Freethinking for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>Form Opinions Independently of Tech Code: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religions, ...
Role of Science for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>Science = New  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basis of Beliefs  </li></ul></ul><u...
Role of Secularity for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>Courage to Know </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Knowledge Orientatio...
Fundamental Technologies for Uncovering  Modernity <ul><li>Tech of Self  (Mindset, Mentality, Worldviews)  </li></ul><ul><...
Technology of  Self (1 / 2) <ul><li>‘ To Reconstruct Our Very Selves … is One of  the Most Important Meanings of Technolog...
Technology of  Self (2 / 2) <ul><li>Essential for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving Pre-Modern or Pre-Scientific  </li></ul>...
Characteristics of ‘Scientific’ Self <ul><li>Objectivity (Detached Subject) </li></ul><ul><li>Rationality (Principles of O...
Technology of Freedom (1 / 2) <ul><li>Development as Freedom (A. Sen) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Both Cause + Effect </li><...
Technology of Freedom (2 / 2) <ul><li>Web of Oppressive / Terror Structures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cosmological Freedom...
Technology of Signs <ul><li>Expression of Socially-Created Symbolic Universe </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes, Rules, Conve...
Technology of Newness <ul><li>Uncompetitive Pre-Modern / Indigenous Tech of old Things  </li></ul><ul><li>Priority to Tech...
Technology of Change (1 / 2) <ul><li>Change = Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural / Social / Technical </li></ul...
Technology of Change (2 / 2) <ul><li>High Rate of Failures of Change / Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 Ideas for An ...
Technology of Power (1 / 2) <ul><li>Tech of Power Ex.: Mobutu’s wrapped in Leopard Skin! </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Power =...
Technology of Power (2 / 2) <ul><li>African Scientific Renewal  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will Come Through Power Struggles  <...
Technology of Truth (1 / 2) <ul><li>Science = Tech of Truth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epistemic Foundations of Modernity <...
Technology of Truth (2 / 2) <ul><li>All Truth = Near-Truth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to Modernize Truth </li></ul></u...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Technologies For Uncovering Modernity

295

Published on

Fundamental Technologies for Revealing an Original Style of Modernity on the African Continent

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
295
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Technologies For Uncovering Modernity

  1. 1. <ul><li>STI Systems for Uncovering Modernity in Africa </li></ul>Jacques L. Hamel ECA / ISTD [email_address]
  2. 2. Science, Technology, Innovation and Modernity <ul><li>STI and Modernity Go Together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>STI Co-Constitutive of Modernity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is Africa Scientifically ‘Castrated’ ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low scientific production (< 0.1% of world) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Needs Scientific Renewal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Progress Halted by Totalizing Cultures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific Facts Subjugated to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cosmo-Religio-Cultural Interpretations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ When We Speak of a Renaissance We Speak of Advances in Science and Technology’ (Thabo Mbeki) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Characteristics of Processes of Modernity <ul><li>Rationalization / Validation </li></ul><ul><li>Technologization / Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Secularization / De-Mythologization </li></ul><ul><li>Commodification / Monetization </li></ul><ul><li>Massification / Normalization </li></ul><ul><li>Individualization / Democratization </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization / Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiation / Autonomization </li></ul><ul><li>Bureau/Technocratization / Technicization </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of STI for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>Generous Vision of Potential of STI </li></ul><ul><li>Renewal, Revival, Rebirth, Reawakening </li></ul><ul><li>Break With Past </li></ul><ul><li>New Cultural Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>African Century </li></ul><ul><li>Third Wave (K. Annan) </li></ul><ul><li>New Dawn (Mbeki) </li></ul><ul><li>Political / Cultural Regeneration </li></ul>
  5. 5. Transformative Power of STI for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>No Modernity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without STI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific Progress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Only About Addition of Sc Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But a Transformation of Existing Mythological, Superstitious, Magical, Pre-Sc Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenge: Science Too Painful for Masses </li></ul><ul><li>Superstitious / Over-Religious Cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Challenge Religions (R wins over Sc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Sc Culture Anywhere in World </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Role of Freethinking for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>No Blind Obedience to </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deities / Gods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Priests / Mullahs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shamans / Witches / Sorcerers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Myths </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Radical Criticism of Received Ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sc = Basis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Transition to Adult Status </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hegel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Break Traditions / Customs / Ways of Life </li></ul>
  7. 7. Freethinking for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>Form Opinions Independently of Tech Code: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religions, Faiths, Revelations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mythologies, Traditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established Beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superstitions, Taboos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Packaged Ideologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Form Opinions on Basis of Reason </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subversive Rationalization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific Attitudes, Mentalities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> Important than Larger Stocks of Scientific Knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Role of Science for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>Science = New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basis of Beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epistemological Foundations of Modernity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aim at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearing Metaphysical / Epistemological Debris Littering Cultural Landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overcoming Cultural / Religious Cultural Detritus Constraining Tech Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divesting Ourselves of Old / Obsolete / Archaic Habits of Thought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Exorcism </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Role of Secularity for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>Courage to Know </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Knowledge Orientation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning = Key </li></ul><ul><li>But Unlearning = Master Key </li></ul><ul><li>Inertia of Pre-Modern </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Superstitious Beliefs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thinking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Views </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Secular Costume’ – Modernity = Secular </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fundamental Technologies for Uncovering Modernity <ul><li>Tech of Self (Mindset, Mentality, Worldviews) </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Signs </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Newness </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Change </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Power </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Truth </li></ul>
  11. 11. Technology of Self (1 / 2) <ul><li>‘ To Reconstruct Our Very Selves … is One of the Most Important Meanings of Technology’ (L. Hickman) </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete Rational Means </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Directed at Self </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Applied to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Know </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constitute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Empower </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultivate Renascent Afro-Self </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Build Humans, Characters + Identities </li></ul>
  12. 12. Technology of Self (2 / 2) <ul><li>Essential for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolving Pre-Modern or Pre-Scientific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mindsets, Mentalities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habits of Thought </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WorldViews / Conceptions of Reality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquering Mental Colonization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organized Religions = Tech of Salvation </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. of Tech of Self </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy / Scrap Books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supported China / Greece / Rome Empires </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freethinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outside Dogmas, Faiths, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fantasies, Superstitions… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Characteristics of ‘Scientific’ Self <ul><li>Objectivity (Detached Subject) </li></ul><ul><li>Rationality (Principles of Order) </li></ul><ul><li>Universality (No Ethnic Science) </li></ul><ul><li>Verifiability (Refutability) </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality (Value-less) </li></ul><ul><li>Methodical (Principle of Discovery) </li></ul><ul><li>Disinterestedness (Social Interests) </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity (Freethinking) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Technology of Freedom (1 / 2) <ul><li>Development as Freedom (A. Sen) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Both Cause + Effect </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development = Disenchantment (Gauchet) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of Freedom </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged Early Marriages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Polygamous Masters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Locked-Up / Cloistered Women </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mystifying Medicine Men </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic Slaves </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sexually Mutilated Girls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abducted Brides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child Soldiers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desperate Migrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Escaping Refugees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Enforce UN Charter Human Rights </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Religion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of Expression </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Technology of Freedom (2 / 2) <ul><li>Web of Oppressive / Terror Structures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cosmological Freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cruel, Demanding, imperialistic, Hegemonic, Monopolistic Gods </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Hereditary’ Religion (99.99 %) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political / Economic Freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural / Social Freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phallo-Centric Religious / Ecclesiastical Institutions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commanding Husbands </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mythological / Ideological Freedom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indoctrination / Mental Colonization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Technology of Signs <ul><li>Expression of Socially-Created Symbolic Universe </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes, Rules, Conventions, Languages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technologize Indigenous Languages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protect Threatened Ones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Few Science Books </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Translated Into Vernacular Languages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$100 million needed to Technologize local Languages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Little Digital Indigenous Content </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dependency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New Radios as Crucial Tech of Sign </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar / Crank base, Digital </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Technology of Newness <ul><li>Uncompetitive Pre-Modern / Indigenous Tech of old Things </li></ul><ul><li>Priority to Tech to Transform Raw Things Into Manufactured Things </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Few Competitive Industrial Tech </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strong Competition From Korea, China, Japan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>‘ Africans Do Not Advance Technologically …Because Their Distinct Mental Orientation Gives Them Different Pursuits + Methods’ (Away From Things?) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The African Turn of Mind Does Not Encourage Tech’ (Mesai Kebede) </li></ul><ul><li>Are African Cultures Less Oriented Towards Things + Tech to Make Them? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Technology of Change (1 / 2) <ul><li>Change = Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural / Social / Technical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tech = Co-Constitutive of Cultures, Societies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Need to Reconceptualize Innovation / Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To Fit Specific African Cultures / Contexts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Need Radical Change Toward Knowledge Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mbeki’s Call ‘To Rebellion’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>From Religious / Mythological Form to Post-Traditionality / Reinvented Modernity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need Workable Vision of Scientific Renewal </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Technology of Change (2 / 2) <ul><li>High Rate of Failures of Change / Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3000 Ideas for An Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80% - 90% Innovation Failures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multiple Causes of Failures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership, Competition, Funding, IP, Markets … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of Increasing Relevant Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Levels of R&D </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need ‘Green Revolution’ Tech </li></ul>
  20. 20. Technology of Power (1 / 2) <ul><li>Tech of Power Ex.: Mobutu’s wrapped in Leopard Skin! </li></ul><ul><li>Tech of Power = Capacity to Direct Actions of Others </li></ul><ul><li>Gods + ‘Kings’ = Absolute Power in Pre-Modern Times </li></ul><ul><li>In Africa Gods, Spirits Exert Immense Influence on </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Worldviews, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mindsets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Necessity to Bring Power Forces from the Gods and Spirits Down to Earth into the Hands Of Humans </li></ul><ul><li>Predatory Behaviour of Elites! </li></ul>
  21. 21. Technology of Power (2 / 2) <ul><li>African Scientific Renewal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will Come Through Power Struggles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Democratization of Info + Knowledge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elitist Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence / Professionalism of Medias </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Criticism = Part Innovation Process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech of Veil </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Caging / Marking / Overpowering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women as Carriers of Sin! </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Technology of Truth (1 / 2) <ul><li>Science = Tech of Truth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Epistemic Foundations of Modernity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transform </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enchantment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mythologies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Superstitions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dogmas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Socially Constructed </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Divine Truth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Because God Wants Me to’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged Marriages, Veiling, Mutilations … </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Colored By Lenses of Cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negritude = Predominance of Emotions Over Rationality (Senghor) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Technology of Truth (2 / 2) <ul><li>All Truth = Near-Truth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to Modernize Truth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific Truths </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Partial </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transient </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evolutive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Falsifiable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sacred Truths </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immobile </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rigid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doctrinaire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Irrational </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mythological </li></ul></ul></ul>

×