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Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
Men, Women, And Team Sports
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Men, Women, And Team Sports

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Sport and gender research.

Sport and gender research.

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  • 1. Men, Women, and Team Sports By: Jacqueline Heler
  • 2. Benefits of Good Team Cohesion for Both Men and Women <ul><li>Formation of life skills </li></ul><ul><li>Buffering to maintain spirit in defeat and at other times of distress (aka coping skills) </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced team performance </li></ul><ul><li>Improved enjoyment of the sport </li></ul><ul><li>Increased self-confidence, self-esteem, and trust (McClain, N.M., 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Which are otherwise extremely applicable in the “real-world” </li></ul>
  • 3. The Stars <ul><li>When you think of men’s team sports (soccer, basketball, etc.), who are the stars? </li></ul><ul><li>When you think of women’s team sports (soccer, basketball, etc.), who are the stars? </li></ul>
  • 4. The Old Days… <ul><li>Traditionally, male team sport participation has been regarded as a natural phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Women were encouraged to exercise for health benefits, and therefore participated in individual sports such as tennis and swimming </li></ul>
  • 5. These Days… <ul><li>Today, women compete in most national championships and are taking part in what were once considered male-only team sports in increasing numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks to… </li></ul><ul><li>The worldwide women’s movement (women’s rights) </li></ul><ul><li>Title XI (in the States) </li></ul>
  • 6. Why do Men and Women Participate in Sport/Exercise? (Kilpatrick, M. 2005) <ul><li>Why do YOU exercise? </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoyment </li></ul><ul><li>Health pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Ill-health avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Nimbleness </li></ul><ul><li>Positive health </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Social recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Strength and endurance </li></ul><ul><li>Stress management </li></ul><ul><li>Weight management </li></ul>
  • 7. Study: Aggression in Male Team Sports <ul><li>Observed aggression in team sports as a function of gender, competitive level, and sport type </li></ul><ul><li>180 games, equally shared among males and females, soccer and handball, and departmental, regional, and national competitive levels were recorded on videotapes and observed using a grid to differ instrumental from hostile aggressive behaviors </li></ul>
  • 8. The Results… <ul><li>The results revealed that male players always display more aggressive behaviors than female players, whatever the sport, the competitive level or the nature of the observed aggression, (Coulomb-Cabagno, G., 2006) </li></ul>
  • 9. Study: Team Cohesion in Female Sport <ul><li>Much of the cohesion research has focused on what cohesion can do to enhance performance: teamwork and familiarity, i.e. a full-court press in basketball </li></ul><ul><li>Rather than other benefits of cohesion such as those related to social aspects of being part of a team, which may be more relevant to female athletes: friends, relationships, camaraderie </li></ul><ul><li>10 coaches of collegiate-level female sport teams were interviewed… </li></ul>
  • 10. The Results… <ul><li>Compared to male athletes, the sporting experience for female athletes includes experiences on and off the field </li></ul><ul><li>To a greater extent than males, good communication between coach and athletes is essential for teaching cohesion among female athletes </li></ul><ul><li>Several barriers to team cohesion for female athletes include interpersonal and body image sensitivity and coaching style issues (aggression, motivators, etc.) (McClain, N.M., 2006) </li></ul>

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