The 2nd Great Awakening was America’s 2nd largest Religious Revival. Religious meetings got serious and lots of peoples repented and got “saved”. Many people went back to their sinful ways after a while. It began to increase in the late 1790’s and it decreased 1860’s. This began a variety of new Religious groups and the revival of old ones. This led to the beginning of the Women’s Rights Movement.
• During the 2nd Great Awakening there were meeting such as the one below. Where “repentant sinners dedicated themselves to lives of rectitude and social reform.” – The American Pageant (Ch.15)
Since this Great Revival had Americans repenting for their sins they believe that the Nation should repent for its greatest sin which was slavery. The Bible speaks against slavery, it says “Thou shall not steal” Theodore Weld believed that when a man is a slave the slaveholder has stolen his rights to be his own man.- The Bible Against Slavery, 1837 The “abolitionist movement enabled women to carve out a place in the public sphere.” This stated that the Anti-slavery Movement gave women the chance to speak in public for their rights and the rights of slaves. – Voices of Freedom, Pg. 232
The Grimké sisters assembled other women and Africans to speak out. They attended meetings and circulated petitions. They also wrote many documents to support Anti-slavery and the Women’s Rights Movements.Such as the one Angelina Grimké wrote in The Liberator Newspaper, August 2nd, 1837, “My Doctrine, is that whatever is morally right for man to do, it is morally right for woman to do.”
• Angelina Grimké wrote a book called Appeal to the Christian Women of the South “urging them to take a stand against slavery.” Sara Grimké and her sister Angelina “began to deliver popular lectures that offered scathing condemnation of slavery from the perspective of those who witnessed its evils firsthand.”– Voices of Freedom, (Pg. 232)• This made a mixture in the lecture of male & female genders and also aroused the debates. They were indeed criticized by many including female abolitionist such as, Catharine Beecher.
• Charlotte Forten Grimké (wife of a Grimké’s son) was mixed with African American and was a black educator who taught “illiterate southern slaves to read.” – Her Story (Pg. 45) Sarah and Angelina were born on wealthy Southern Plantations. They moved to Philadelphia at different times. Worked together to get women’s rights. At Angelina’s 80th year they tested the 15th Amendment and voted. Sarah was Angelina’s sister and Godmother. Sarah had studied to be a lawyer following her father who was a judge.
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