The Battle of Chancellorsville


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  • The Battle of Chancellorsville

    1. 1. The Battle of Chancellorsville JASON WALKER
    2. 2. Setting of Battle  Chancellorsville site lies in the northeastern section of Virginia in Spotsylvania County  About 10 miles west of Fredericksburg  Battle of Wilderness would later take place In the same region of Virginia  Battle took place from April 30th to May 6th, 1863  Large part of the battle is fought in forested region
    3. 3. Union Commander: Joseph Hooker  Born in Massachusetts in 1814  Attended West Point, graduating in 1837  Fought in Mexican-American War  Rose through ranks with distinction  Served under Ambrose Burnside  Eventually promoted to Burnside’s position after Lincoln removed him from command  Takes command of the Army of the Potomac  Resigns a month after Battle of Chancellorsville
    4. 4. Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee  Born in Virginia in 1807  Attended West Point, graduating in 1829  Fought in Mexican-American War  Rose through ranks with distinction  Put down John Brown’s rebellion at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia in one hour  Took command of the Army of Northern Virginia after the outbreak of the Civil War  Most prominent military member of Confederacy
    5. 5. Background  Lee commands about 60,000 soldiers  Lee is defending Fredericksburg along the Rappahannock River  Joseph Hooker had recently been given command of the Army of the Potomac and revitalized the unit  Hooker commands about 130,000 well-equipped soldiers
    6. 6. Hooker’s Plans  The Army of the Potomac is marching east towards Lee’s army at Fredericksburg  Hooker sends 40,000 troops around the back of Fredericksburg and plans to march his army east to meet them there in a pincer attack  The Army of the Potomac has momentum, but Hooker decides to wait at Chancellorsville (about 6 miles west of Fredericksburg) to set up a defensive position instead of pressing an opportunistic attack on the Virginian Army  This indecisive pause of Hooker’s allows Robert E. Lee to formulate and execute a plan to overcome Hooker’s defenses
    7. 7. Lee’s Plans  After Hooker sets up a defensive position at Chancellorsville, Lee consorts with General Thomas Jonathon “Stonewall” Jackson  Lee sends Jackson and 30,000 troops on a 12-mile hike around the right flank of the enemy at Chancellorsville  Lee marches his band of about 15,000 troops towards Chancellorsville head-on to divert Hooker’s attention  This plan would create a pincer attack of Hooker’s army at Chancellorsville
    8. 8. Lee’s Battle Plan
    9. 9. Outcome  Jackson successfully makes it around Hooker’s flank and presses an attack against an unsuspecting Union Army  Union Army suffers losses, and instead of sending reinforcements, retreats key ground to Virginian Army, another display of Hooker’s timidity  Armies fight for a few days at Chancellorsville, but the initial shock of Jackson’s attack proves to be too much for the Union Army  Union Army retreats back across the Rappahannock River for a Confederate victory
    10. 10. Losses  Union Army: 17,000 casualties total  Confederate Army: 13,500 casualties total  “Stonewall” Jackson dies of friendly fire during the battle  Robert E. Lee compares losing Jackson to losing his right hand
    11. 11. Significance  Robert E. Lee’s division of his troops when facing a much superior force defies all military teachings  Stunning Union defeat is considered Lee’s “greatest victory”  Aids in Lee’s decision to push north in a counterattack that ends in Gettysburg  Boosted Confederate moral  Caused Joseph Hooker to resign from his position soon after
    12. 12. References    